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HAWTHORNE, hâ'thôrn, Julian, American novelist and journalist, son of Nathaniel Hawthorne (q.v.): b. Boston, Mass., 22 June 1846. He was graduated from Harvard University in 1867 and afterward studied civil engineering in Dresden, but soon forsook this occupation for literature. His first successful story was ‘Bressant’ (1872), the forerunner of a long list of novels, of which may be particularized ‘Garth’ (1875); ‘Sebastian Strome’ (1884); ‘Archibald Malmaison’ (1884); ‘A Fool of Nature’ (1896). He has also published ‘Saxon Studies’ (1876); and ‘Nathaniel Hawthorne and His Wife’ (1885); ‘Confessions and Criticisms’ (1886); ‘American Literature’ (1891); ‘History of the United States’ (1899; 1912); ‘Hawthorne and His Circle’ (1903); ‘The Subterranean Brotherhood’ (1914), a record of his prison experiences in Atlanta. His best work suggests more than one element that distinguishes his father's stories. There is a psychologic accent, the touch of mystery, and the avoidance of the stock properties of romance. See Morton, W. J.