The Geographical Distribution of Animals/Chapter 10.2 Birds

BIRDS.
PASSERES.
Turdidæ.
1. Turdus 18 The whole region (excluding Spitsbergen) Almost cosmopolite
2. Oreocincla 1 N. E. Asia and Japan, straggler to Europe Oriental and Australian
3. Monticola 3 S. Europe, N. Africa, Palestine, N. China Oriental and S. African
(Bessonornis 1 Palestine) Tropical and S. Africa
Sylviidæ.
4. Cisticola 1 S. W. Europe, N. Africa, Japan Ethiop., Orient., Austral.
5. Acrocephalus 10 W. Europe to Japan Orient., Ethiop., Austral.
6. Dumeticola 4 Nepaul, Lake Baikal, E. Thibet high
7. Potamodus 3 W. and S. Europe, N. Africa, E. Thibet
8. Lusciniola 1 S. Europe
9. Locustella 7 W. Europe and N. Africa to Japan
10. Bradyptetus 2 S. Europe and Palestine
11. Calamodus ?3 Europe, N. Africa, Palestine
12. Phylloscopus 6 The whole region (excluding western islands) Oriental
13. Hypolais 9 Europe, N. Africa, Palestine, China
14. Abrornis 2 Cashmere, E. Thibet
15. Reguloides 2 Europe and China
16. Regulus 4 The whole region (excluding Iceland, &c.)
17. Aedon 2 S. Europe, W. Asia, N. Africa E. and S. Africa
18. Pyrophthalma 2 E. Europe and Palestine
19. Melizophilus 2 W. and S. Europe, Sardinia
20. Sylvia 6 Madeira to W. India, N. Africa
21. Curruca 7 Madeira to India, N. Africa
22. Luscinia 2 W. Europe, N. Africa, Persia
23. Cyanecula 3 Europe and N. Africa to Kamschatka
24. Calliope 2 N. Asia, Himalayas, China
25. Erithacus 3 Atlantic Islands to Japan
26. Grandala 1 High Himalayas and E. Thibet
27. Ruticilla 10 Eu. to Japan, N. Afr., Himalayas Abyssinia, India
28. Larvivora 2 E. Thibet, Amoor, Japan
29. Dromolæa 3 S. Europe, N. Africa, Palestine Ethiopian
30. Saxicola 10 The whole region E. and S. Africa, India
31. Cercomela 2 Palestine (a desert genus) N. E. Africa, N. W. India
32. Pratincola 3 W. Europe, N. Africa to India Ethiopian to Oriental
33. Accentor 12 W. Europe to Japan; high Himalayas Himalayas(?) in winter
Timaliidæ.
34. Pterorhinus 3 Thibet and N. W. China
(Malacocercus 1 Palestine) Oriental genus
(Crateropus 2 N. Africa, Persia) Ethiopian genus
(Trochalopteron 3 E. Thibet) Oriental genus
(Ianthocincla 3 E. Thibet) Oriental genus
Panuridæ.
(Paradoxornis 3 Himalayas and E. Thibet) (?)Oriental genus
35. Conostoma 1 High Himalayas and E. Thibet
36. Suthora 3 E. Thibet Himalayas, China, Formosa
37. Panurus 1 W. Europe to W. Siberia
38. Heteromorpha 1 Nepaul and E. Thibet, from 10,000 feet altitude
39. Cholornis 1 E. Thibet
Cinclidæ.
40. Cinclus 5 The whole region (Atlantic Islands excluded) American highlands
(Myiophonus 1 Turkestan, Thian-Shan Mountains, 6,000 feet Oriental genus
Troglodytidæ.
41. Troglodytes 3 Iceland and Britain to Japan Neotropical and Nearctic, Himalayas
(Pnoepyga 2 E. Thibet) Oriental genus
Certhiidæ.
42. Certhia 2 W. Europe to N. China Himalayas, Nearctic
43. Tichodroma 1 S. Europe to N. China Abyssinia, Nepaul, high
Sittidæ.
44. Sitta 7 W. Europe to Himalayas and Japan India, Nearctic
Paridæ.
45. Parus 20 W. Europe to Kamschatka, N. Africa Nearctic, Oriental, Ethiopian
46. Lophophanes 6 Europe and high Himalayas Nearctic
47. Acredula 6 W. Europe to N. China and Kamschatka
48. Ægithalus 1 S. E. Europe Ethiopian
Liotrichidæ.
(Proparus 4 Moupin, in E. Thibet) Oriental genus and fam.
Pycnonotidæ.
49. Microscelis 1 Japan Oriental genus
50. Pycnonotus 2 Palestine, N. China, Japan Oriental and Ethiopian
Oriolidæ.
51. Oriolus S. Europe, China Ethiopian and Oriental
Muscicapidæ.
52. Muscicapa 2 W. and Central Europe Ethiopian.
53. Butalis 2 W. Europe to Japan and China E. and S. Africa, Moluccas
54. Erythrosterna 3 Central Europe to N. China and Japan Oriental & Madagascar
(Xanthopygia 1 Japan) Oriental genus
(Eumyias 1 E. Thibet) Oriental genus
(Cyanoptila 1 Japan and Amoor) Oriental genus
(Siphia 1 Moupin, E. Thibet) Oriental genus
55. Tchitrea 2 N. China and Japan Ethiopian and Oriental
Laniidæ.
56. Lanius 11 The whole region (excl. Atlantic Islands) Nearctic, Ethiopian, Oriental
(Telephonus 1 N. Africa) Ethiopian genus
Corvidæ.
57. Garrulus 7 W. Europe, N. Africa, to Japan Himalayas, Formosa
58. Perisoreus 1 N. Europe and Siberia N. America
(Urocissa 2 Cashmere, Japan) Oriental genus
59. Nucifraga 3 W. Europe to Japan, and Himalayas Himalayan pine forests
60. Pica 5 W. Europe to China and Japan S. China and Formosa migrants[?]
61. Cyanopica 2 Spain, N. E. Asia and Japan
62. Corvus 12 The whole region Cosmopolite (excl. S. Am.)
63. Fregilus 3 W. Europe to N. China, Himalayas Abyssinian mountains
Nectariniidæ.
(Arachnechthra 1 Palestine) Oriental genus
Dicæidæ.
(Zosterops 1 Amoor and Japan) Ethiop., Orien., Austral.
Ampelidæ.
64. Ampelis 2 Northern half of region North America
Hirundinidæ.
65. Hirundo 2 The whole region Cosmopolite
66. Cotyle 2 The whole region (excl. Atlan. Is.) Nearctic, Ethiop., Orien.
67. Chelidon 3 The whole region Oriental
Fringillidæ.
68. Fringilla 6 The whole region Africa
69. Acanthis 3 Europe and N. Africa to Central Asia
70. Procarduelis 1 High Himalayas and E. Thibet
71. Chrysomitris 2 W. Europe to Japan N. and S. America
72. Dryospiza 4 Atlantic Islands to Palestine, N. Africa
73. Metoponia 1 N. E. Europe to W. Himalayas
74. Chlorospiza 5 W. Europe, N. Africa to Japan China, E. Africa
75. Passer 8 The whole region Ethiopian, Oriental
76. Montifringilla 4 Europe to Cashmere and Siberia
77. Fringillauda 1 N. W. Himalayas to E. Thibet, high
78. Coccothraustes 3 W. Europe, High Himalayas to Japan N. America
79. Mycerobas 2 Central Asia & High Himalayas
80. Eophona 2 E. Thibet, China, and Japan China
81. Pyrrhula 9 Azores to Japan, High Himalayas Alaska
(Crithagra 1 Palestine) Ethiopian genus
82. Carpodacus 12 Cent. Eu. to Japan, High Himalayas India & China, N. Amer.
83. Erythrospiza 4 N. Africa to Afghanistan and Turkestan
84. Uragus 2 Turkestan & E. Thibet to Japan
85. Loxia 3 Europe, High Himalayas to Japan N. America
86. Pinicola 1 N. Europe, Siberia N. America
87. Propyrrhula 1 High Himalayas Darjeeling in winter
88. Pyrrhospiza 1 Snowy Himalayas
89. Linota 6 The whole region N. America
90. Leucosticte 4 Turkestan to Kamschatka N. W. America
Emberizinæ
91. Euspiza 4 E. Europe to Japan N. America
92. Emberiza 25 Europe to Japan
93. Fringillaria 2 S. Europe, N. Africa
94. Plectrophanes 2 Northern half of region
Sturnidæ.
95. Pastor 1 East Europe, Central Asia India
96. Sturnia 2 Amoor, Japan, N. China Oriental
97. Sturnus 3 The whole region (excl. Atlantic Islands) India, China
(Amydrus 1 Palestine) N. E. African genus
98. Podoces 3 Cen. Asia, Turkestan, Yarkand
Alaudidæ.
99. Otocorys 6 N. Europe to Japan, N. Africa, Arabia India, N. America, Andes
100. Alauda 7 The whole region (excl. Iceland) India, Africa
101. Galerita 2 Central Europe to N. China, N. Africa India, Central Africa
102. Calandrella 4 Central Europe to N. China, N. Africa India
103. Melanocorypha 5 S. Eu., N. Africa, N. & Cen. Asia N. W. India
104. Pallasia 1 Mongolia
(Certhilauda 1 N. Africa) S. African genus
(Alaemon 1 N. Africa, Arabia) Ethiopian genus
105. Ammomanes 3 S. Europe, N. Africa, to Cashmere Africa, India
Motacillidæ.
106. Motacilla 6 The whole region Oriental, Ethiopian
107. Budytes 4 Europe to China Oriental, Moluccas
108. Calobates 2 Atlantic Is., W. Europe, to China Malaisia, Madagascar
Pittidæ.
(Pitta 1 Japan) Oriental & Austral. genus
PICARIÆ.
Picidæ.
109. Picoides 3 N. and Cen. Europe to Thibet & E. Asia North America
110. Picus 16 The whole region (excl. Atlantic Islands) India, China, N. and S. America
111. Hypopicus 1 N. China Himalayas
(Yungipicus 1 N. China) Oriental genus
112. Dryocopus 1 N. & Cen. Europe to N. China Neotropical
113. Gecinus 6 W. Europe to Thibet, Amoor & Japan Oriental
Yungidæ.
114. Yunx 2 W. Europe to N. W. India, Thibet and Japan N. E. Africa, S. Africa
Cuculidæ.
115. Cuculus 2 The whole region (excl. Atlantic Islands) Ethiop., Oriental, Austral.
116. Coccystes 1 S. Europe and N. Africa Ethiopian and Oriental
Coraciidæ.
117. Coracias 1 Cent. Europe to Cent. Asia Ethiopian, Oriental
(Eurystomus 1 Amoor in summer) Oriental & Austral. genus
Meropidæ.
118. Merops 2 S. Europe to Cashmere, N. Africa Ethiopian and Oriental
Alcedinidæ.
(Halcyon 3 W. Asia, N. China, Japan) Ethiop., Orien., Austral.
119. Alcedo 2 Europe, N. China
120. Ceryle 2 S. E. Europe, Japan Africa, India, America
Upupidæ.
121. Upupa 1 S. Europe, N. China Ethiop. & Oriental genus
Caprimulgidæ.
122. Caprimulgus 5 Europe to Japan Ethiopian and Oriental
Cypselidæ.
123. Cypselus 4 The whole region (excl. Iceland) Ethiopian, America
124. Chætura 2 N. China, Dauria Africa, India
COLUMBÆ.
Columbidæ.
125. Columba 6 The whole region Africa, Asia, America
126. Turtur 4 W. Europe to Japan Ethiopian and Oriental
(Alsæcomus 1 E. Thibet) Oriental genus
GALLINÆ.
Pteroclidæ.
127. Pterocles 2 S. Europe, N. Africa, to W. India Ethiopian genus
128. Syrrhaptes 2 Central Asia, N. China
Tetraonidæ.
129. Francolinus 1 Borders of Mediterranean Ethiopian, Oriental
130. Perdix 2 Europe to Mongolia
131. Coturnix 1 Central and S. Europe to Japan Ethiop., Orien., Austral.
132. Lerwa 1 Snowy Himalayas to E. Thibet
133. Caccabis 5 Cen. Europe and N. Africa to N. W. Himalayas Abyssinia, Arabia
134. Tetraogallus 4 Caucasus to E. Thibet and Altai |Mountains
135. Tetrao 4 Europe and N. Asia N. America
136. Bonasa 1 Europe and N. Asia N. America
137. Lagopus 4 Iceland, W. Europe to Japan N. America, Greenland
Phasianidæ.
138. Crossoptilon 4 Thibet, Mongolia, N. China
139. Lophophorus 3 Cashmere to E. Thibet (highest woods)
140. Tetraophasis 1 E. Thibet E. Thibet(?)
141. Ceriornis 1 N. W. Himalayas (high) Himalayas to W. China
142. Pucrasia 3 N. W. Himalayas to N. W. China Himalayas
143. Phasianus 10 Western Asia to Japan W. Himalayas, Formosa
144. Thaumalea 3 E. Thibet to Amoor, N. China West China
145. Ithaginis 2 Nepaul to E. Thibet (high)
Turnicidæ
146. Turnix 2 Spain and N. Africa, N. China Ethiop., Orien., Austral.
ACCIPITRES.
Vulturidæ.
147. Vultur 1 Spain and N. Africa to N. China
148. Gyps 1 S. Europe, Palestine, Cen. Asia E. Africa, India
149. Otogyps 1 S. Europe, N. Africa S. Africa, India
150. Neophron 1 Atlantic Isds. to Palestine Africa, India
Falconidæ.
151. Circus 5 Europe to Japan Almost Cosmopolite
152. Astur 1 Europe to N. China Almost Cosmopolite
153. Accipiter 2 Europe to Japan Almost Cosmopolite
154. Buteo 4 Europe to Japan Cosmopolite (excl. Australia)
155. Archibuteo 1 N. Europe to Japan N. America
156. Gypaetus 1 S. Europe, N. Africa Abyssinia, Himalayas
157. Aquila 5 Europe to Japan Nearctic, Ethiop., Orien.
158. Nisaetus 2 E. Europe, N. Africa, W. Asia India, Australia
159. Circaetus 1 E. and S. Europe, N. Africa, W. Asia Africa, India
160. Haliæetus 3 Iceland and S. Europe to Japan Cosmopolite (excl. Neotropical region)
161. Milvus 4 Europe to Japan, N. Africa The Old World & Austral.
162. Elanus 2 N. Africa, N. China to Amoor Cosmopolite (excl. East U. S.)
163. Pernis 1 Europe to Japan Ethiopian and Oriental
164. Falco 5 The whole region Cosmopolite (excl. Pacific Islands)
165. Hierofalco 5 The whole region N. America
166. Cerchneis 4 Atlantic Islands to Japan Cosmop. (excl. Oceania)
Pandionidæ.
167. Pandion 1 Europe to Japan Cosmopolite
Strigidæ.
168. Surnia 1 N. Europe and Siberia North America
169. Nyctea 1 Arctic regions Arctic America
170. Athene 4 Central and S. Europe to Japan Ethiop., Orien., Austral.
(Ninox 1 N. China and Japan) Oriental genus
171. Glaucidium 1 Europe to N. China America
172. Bubo 2 Europe to N. China Africa, India, America
173. Scops 3 S. Europe to Japan African, Orien., Austral.
174. Syrnium 5 Europe to Japan African, Oriental, Amer.
175. Otus 2 Europe to Japan Almost Cosmopolite
176. Nyctala 1 N. Europe to E. Siberia N. America
177. Strix 1 Europe and N. Africa All warm & temp. regions
Peculiar or very characteristic Genera of Wading and Swimming Birds.
GRALLÆ.
Rallidæ.
Ortygometra 8 Europe, N. E. Africa
Scolopacidæ.
Ibidorhyncha 1 Cashmere & Cen. Asia, N. China Himalayan Valleys
Terekia 1 N. E. Europe and Siberia India, Australia (migrant)
Helodromas 1 E. and N. Europe, N. India
Machetes 1 N. and Cen. Europe, Cen. Asia India in winter
Eurinorhynchus 1 N. E. Asia Bengal
Glareolidæ.
Pluvianus 1 N. Africa, Spain
Charadriidæ.
Vanellus 8 Europe to the Punjaub S. America
Otididæ.
Otis 2 W. Europe to Mongolia, N. Africa
ANSERES.
Anatidæ.
Aix 1 N. China to Amoor N. America
Bucephala 3 Iceland, N. Europe, and Asia N. America
Histrionicus 1 Iceland, N. Siberia N. America
Harelda 1 North of whole region Arctic America
Somateria 3 North of whole region N. America
Œdemia 3 North of whole region N. America
Laridæ.
Rissa 1 North coasts of whole region N. America
Colymbidæ.
Colymbus 3 North of whole region N. America
Alcidæ.
Alca 2 North coasts of whole region N. America
Fratercula 3 North coasts of whole region N. America
Uria 3 North coasts of whole region N. America
Mergulus 1 Iceland and Arctic coasts Arctic America