The New Student's Reference Work/Lexington (Kentucky)
Lex′ington, a city of Kentucky, county-seat of Fayette County, stands in the famous blue-grass region at the junction of five railways, about 80 miles from Cincinnati. The surrounding district is noted for beauty and fertility, and the town has been laid out in attractive style. Lexington was the home of Henry Clay; and its West End cemetery contains an imposing monument to his memory. The University of Kentucky was moved to Lexington in 1865, and Transylvania University was merged in it; the city also contains the state Agricultural and Mechanical College, the Kentucky Reform School, Sayre Female Institute, Kentucky University (Christian), St. Catherine's Female Academy (R. C.) and Lexington Normal Institute (colored). It manufactures harness, saddlery, flour, canned goods, lumber, carriages, wagons and Bourbon whiskey. The town was named in 1775 in honor of the first battlefield of the Revolution, the news of that fight reaching the early settlers while they were laying out the town. Population about 35,099.