Michel (mḗ′shĕl′), Louise, a French anarchist and communist, was born at Chateau Vroncourt in 1839. She was a writer of verse of some power. During the Commune in Paris, after the Franco-Prussian War, she was one of the most active leaders. In 1871 she was sentenced to exile for life and banished to New Caledonia. In 1880, a general pardon having released her, she returned to Paris and became editor of The Social Revolution. Later she resided in London, where she published her Memoirs and a novel entitled The Microbes of Society. She died in 1905.