The Selkirk Mountains

The Selkirk Mountains  (1912) 
by Arthur Oliver Wheeler

This work is in the public domain in the United States because it was published before January 1, 1926.


The author died in 1945, so this work is also in the public domain in countries and areas where the copyright term is the author's life plus 75 years or less. This work may also be in the public domain in countries and areas with longer native copyright terms that apply the rule of the shorter term to foreign works.

 


THE

Selkirk Mountains

The Selkirk Mountains pg 5.jpg

A Guide for
Mountain Climbers
and Pilgrims


Information by
A. O. WHEELER, F.R.G.S., A.C.C., A.C., A.A.C.

Stovel Company,
Engravers, Lithographers and Printers,
Winnipeg, Man.

The Selkirk Mountains pg 7.jpg

Arthur O. Wheeler, First President of Alpine Club

CONTENTS


  1. Foreword— A. O. Wheeler
    ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
    Page 1
  2. One Word More—Elizabeth Parker
    ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
    2
  3. The Snowy Selkirks—Elizabeth Parker
    ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
    3-5
  4. The Rocky Mountain System—The Selkirks—Early Explorers—Later History—The Railway—Discovery of Rogers Pass—An Alpine Club—Members of British Association Visit the Selkirks, (1884)—Result of Completion of Railway—Government Surveys (1886)—First Scientific Observations of Illecillewaet Glacier—Topographical Survey by William Spotswood Green—The Alpine Club, England, and the Swiss Alpine Club—The Appalachian Mountain Club—Triangulation of Railway Belt—Subsequent Mountaineering
    ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
    Pages 6-32
  5. Peaks, Passes and Valleys Reached from Glacier—Glacier Park—Swiss Guides—Glacier House—Outfits and Ponies — Places and Peaks of Interest Alphabetically Arranged33-104
  6. The Caves of Cheops (Nakimu Caves)—the Valley of the Caves—The Approach to the Caves — Formation and Structure—Description of Caves—The Mill Bridge Series—The Gorge Series—The Judgment Hall
    ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
    106-117
  7. Golden and the Country of the Upper Columbia —Along the Columbia River between Golden and Beavermouth are Several Points of Interest—the Upper Columbia—Travel by Waterway on the Upper Columbia
    ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
    119-135
  8. "The Dogtooth Mountains—Spillimacheen Mountains—Some unknown trails between Golden and Glacier
    ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
    136-141
  9. Revelstoke—the Arrow Lakes
    ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
    142-149
    1. CHAPTER VII.
    2. Glaciers of the Selkirks—A Note on the Geology of the Selkirk Mountains—The Snow-Sheds of the Selkirks
      ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
      150-155
    3. CHAPTER VIII.
    4. The Alpine Club of Canada
      ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
      156-164
    5. CHAPTER IX.
    6. Vegetation in the Selkirks—Conspicuous Plants in the Selkirks—Beasts, Birds and Fish
      ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
      166-177
    7. CHAPTER X.
    8. Clothing and Equipment—Rules for the Rope
      ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
      178-180
    9. APPENDIX.
    10. ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
      182-186
    11. ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
      186-187
    12. ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
      187-189
    13. ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
      190-191
    14. ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
      192-198

LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS.

1. Arthur O. Wheeler, First Pres. of Alpine Club (Frontispiece)
2. Mr. Walter Moberly, C. E 17
3. Topographical Surveyors taking their instruments up a mountain 18
4. Edward Feuz of Interlaken 26
5. Fritz 32
6. Showing Loop from Mt. Cougar, Sir Donald and Mt. Avalanche on left (A. O. Wheeler) 34
7. Glacier House (I. N. Austin) 34
8. Panorama looking south from summit of Mt. Dawson, (A. O. Wheeler) 58
9. Selkirks above the clouds from Bald Mt. (A. O. Wheeler) 45
10. Mt. Sir Donald from Bald Mt. an unfamiliar side of Sir Donald 45
11. Panorama from Mt. Abbott (H. Chapman) 30
12. The Raceway and Flume. Caves of Cheops 57
13. View down Cougar Lower Valley, (M. P. Bridgland) 57
14. Miss Canada (C. P. R. Co.) 63
15. Mt. Lookout and Illecillewaet Icefall 70
16. Cougar Valley showing Sir Donald (A. O. Wheeler) 70
17. F. W. Freeborn on Snowcap 75
18. A well-known climber; V. A. Fynn, ready to climb 75
19. On the Asulkan Trail (G and W. S. Vaux Jr.) 81
20. Mt. Cheops and Napoleon (A. O. Wheeler) 81
21. Mt. Purity from Donkin Pass (A. O. Wheeler) 84
22. Battle Glaciers (E. W. D. Holway) 84
23. Swiss guides in A. C. C. camp (Byron Harmon) 88
24. A. C. C. at work Rogers Pass Camp 88
25. Miss Canada and Swiss Guide Crossing Couloir of Sir Donald (F. W. Freeborn) 93
26. Falls, Asulkan Valley (J. N. Austin) 93
27. E. O. Wheeler, R. E 100
28. A. C. C. Cooks in camp 105
29. After a week's climbing, nailed boots (P. D. McTavish) 105
30. Marble markings. Interior of Caves of Cheops (A. O. Wheeler) 110
31. Goat Falls disappearing into Caves. (H. G. Whetler) 110
32. Where Cougar brook first disappears below surface. (M. P. Bridgland) 114
33. Upper Cougar Valley (A. O. Wheeler) 114
34. Exit T. Cougar Brook from Mill Bridge, (M. P. Bridgland). 118.
35 Looking down Cougai Brook from Pt. Lockout, (A. O. Wheeler) 118
36 Evening on the Upper Columbia River (M. C. Hickson) 120
37 Smoking Room, Club Hou.se (B. Harmon) 122
38 A glacier of the Windermere country showing medial moraine (E. W. Harnden) 131
39 View of Toby Glacier and Toby Mt. from Earl Grey Pass (E. W. Harnden) 131
40 Mt. Hammond (E. W. Harnden) 134
41 On Canyon Creek Trail 141
42 An annual meeting A. C. C. (F. W. Freeborn) 141
43 The Club House, Banff (B. Harmon) 143
44 Illecillewaet Canyon (R. R. Copeland) 143
45 Goat's Btard (Spirala Aruncus) Mrs. J. W. Henshaw 148
46 Illecillewaet Glacier. Black line on the rock shows where the ice rested in 1887 (I. N. Austin) 152
47 Tongue of the IlleciUewaet Glacier (Geo. Vaux Jr.) 152
48 A. C. C. around the camp fire (Byror Harmon) 158
49 Five o'clock in the morning Climbing orders 101
50 A. C. C. guide and Miss Canada (D. Warner) 161
51 A corner of the Club House giving glimpse of the Bow Valley and mountains beyond (B. Harmon) 165
52 Prof. John Macoun, F. L. S. F. R. S. C 169
53 Yellow Adder's Tongue (Erylhronium gigantium) (Mrs. J. W. Henshaw) 171
54 White-floweied Rhododendron (Mrs. J. W . Henshaw) 171
55 Black Bear 175
56 The Hoary Marmot or Whistler. A baby captured in camp (M. P. Bridgland) 175
57 An Interior. The Assembly Room (B. Harmon) 177
58 A denizen of Cougar Valley (F. Simpson) 179
59 One of the best known Selkirk Animals (Byron Harmon) 179
  Maps  
1 Caves of Cheops (A. O. Wheeler) 112
2 C.P.R. Profile map 144
3 Map of Illecillewaet Glacier (W. S. Vaux) 150
4 Portion of Upper Columbia (C. D. Ellis) 128
5 Selkirk Range (A. O. Wheeler) at end of book
6 Dogtooth Range 138