A MONTHLY JOURNAL
THIRD SERIES.—VOL. II.
J.E. HARTING, F.L.S., F.Z.S.,
MEMBER OF THE BRITISH ORNITHOLOGISTS' UNION.
DELECTANDO PARTERQUE MONENDO.
JOHN VAN VOORST.1, PATERNOSTER ROW.
WEST, NEWMAN AND CO., PRINTERS,
54, HATTON GARDEN, E.C.
In taking a retrospective glance at the contents of 'The Zoologist' for 1878, it is satisfactory to note that the suggestions made in the Preface to the volume for the preceding year have found favour in the eyes of contributors. Although, as of yore, Ornithology has received a considerable share of attention, other branches of Natural History have not been neglected, and the many interesting observations on Mammals, Fishes and Crustacea which have been recorded during the year 1878 in these pages show how much there was to gather, how much still remains to be gleaned, even in the circumscribed field of British Zoology.
The increased attention paid of late to the Natural History of Ireland has resulted in the discovery there, during the past summer, of two species, the Tree Pipit (p. 348) and the Red- backed Shrike (p. 437), which were not previously known to visit the Sister Isle ; while a third species, the Wood Wren (p. 348) has been found to be of more frequent occurrence there as a local summer visitant than has hitherto been shown to be the case.
The exceptional appearance of the American Snow Goose, Anser albatus, for at least the second time, in Ireland (p. 419), is a circumstance of no little interest to ornithologists. Nor should Dr. Bureau's valuable paper on the seasonal change which takes place in the bill of the Common Puffin (p. 233) be passed over in silence. The careful observations made by him on this subject have resulted in the elucidation of a very singular meta- morphosis, which, if not unsuspected,* has at all events only now, through his instrumentality, been fully realized and understood.
In Bingley's 'North Wales ; including its Scenery, Antiquities and Customs and some Sketches of its Natural History,' published in 1804, an interesting account is given (vol.i., pp. 348—354) of the habits of the Puffin as observed in the island of Priestholme, off the coast of Anglesea, where the author saw "upwards of fifty acres of land literally covered with these birds." After describing both old and young, be remarks (p 354) that "Puffins do not breed till they are three years old, and they are said to change their bills annually" This statement occurs in nearly the same words in 'A Tour round North Wales,' during the summer of 1798, by the same author vol. i., p. 309 (1800), where a much briefer account of the Puffin is given, admittedly borrowed from Pennant, who in turn derived his information from the Rev. Mr. Davies, of Aber, sometime resident at Beaumaris.
On the return of the English Arctic Expedition, in November, 1876, several correspondents wrote to express a hope that some account of the Zoology of the voyage might appear in the pages of this Magazine, and it was with great satisfaction that the Editor was able to prevail on Captain Feilden, Naturalist to the Expedition, to give the readers of 'The Zoologist' his "Notes from an Arctic Journal," which are replete with interest and information. These will be continued in succeeding numbers.
On the subject of Provincial Names of Animals, the Editor feels that his thanks are due to the many contributors who, in response to his invitation, have favoured him with local lists, and other information. It is proposed at some future time to amalga- mate the lists received, as well those which have appeared as those which are still unpublished, in a way which it is hoped will render them useful alike to naturalists and philologists. The non- appearance for the present of further lists of the kind need not deter those who may have collected any provincial names from forwarding them at their leisure.
The Editor feels that his obligations to contributors would not be discharged without some acknowledgment to those gentlemen who, at a sacrifice of valuable time, have furnished him with Reports of the Meetings of Scientific Societies during the year, and his thanks are accordingly tendered to the Secretaries of the Linnean, Zoological, and Entomological Societies, for their respective periodical communications. These Reports are especially acceptable to those readers of 'The Zoologist,' who, residing at a distance from the metropolis, are prevented from personally attending the Meetings.
While thanking his other contributors for the many inte- resting communications with which he has been favoured during the past year, the Editor is encouraged to hope that he may rely upon a continuance of their friendly aid.
1st December, 1878.
ALPHABETICAL LIST OF CONTRIBUTORS.
Wading birds in autumn in Holy Island, 22
Provincial names of British animals, 330
Pied Water Rail in Ireland, 106
Fauna of the Lake District, 205; Provincial names of British animals, 332
Difference in mode of attacking turnips by Rabbits and Rats, 178
Cuckoo laying two eggs in one nest, 256
Wood Pigeon nesting near a house, 180; Turtle Doves building near a dwelling-bouse, 255
Summer migrants near Dublin, 217; Tree Pipit in Ireland, 348; Provincial names of animals, 385
Snow Geese in Ireland, 463
The migration of birds in autumn, 100; The habits of the Merlin, 133
Song Thrush incubating on the ground, 350
Goats eating Serpents with impunity, 207; Plover-shooting on the Stirlingshire coast, 210; Nesting habits of the Water Ouzel, Early nesting of the Kingfisber, 255; Provincial names of British animals, 329, 387; Knot retaining its summer plumage, 391; The egg of Owen's Apteryx, 437
Inability of birds to distinguish eggs, 340
Note on the Long-eared Bat, 22; Spring migration of birds, 30; Autumn and winter migrants, 215; Spring migration of birds, 216; Willow Wren nesting at a height from the ground, 351; Provincial names of British animals, 429
Hoopoe in the Isle of Wight, 392
Great Shearwater, &c, at North Berwick, 436
Cuckoo laying twice in the same nest, 350
Common and Rough-legged Buzzards in Kirkcudbrightshire, 58 Cocks, Alfred Heneage, F.Z.S. Abnormal nesting of the Nuthatch, 254; A visit to the existing herds of British white wild cattle, 273; Provincial names of British animals, 334
Sparrowhawks flocking, 28; Grey Phalarope in Hants, 134; Provincial names of British animals, 429; Bernicle Geese at Ringwood, 435
Autumnal migration of birds on the N.E. coast, 47; Migration of birds in the winter of 1877-78, 102; Birds striking the lanterns of lighthouses, 132; Bird migration in the spring of 1878, 240
Red Mullet in December, 61: Scyllarus arctus off Penzance, 136; A rare Crustaceau from Mount's Bay, Cornwall, 256; Provincial names of British animals, 333; Swordfish in Mount's Bay, 351; Cornish Crustacea, 352; Black Eat in Cornwall, 388; A destructive summer sea, 392; Notes on some Fish and Crustacea recently obtained in Cornwall, 423
Orange variety of the Mole, 22; Albino specimens of the Common Snipe and Wryneck, 29
Red-backed Shrike in Ireland, 437
Hoopoe in Gloucestershire, 392
Double migration of the Woodcock, 389
The revival of Falconry, 73
Ornithological notes from the Lake District, 118; Marten-cat in Wastdale, Cumberland, 128; Destruction of shell-fish by sea birds, 223; Provincial names of British animals, 332
Morris's Tape-fish at Pennan, Aberdeenshire, 60
Ornithological notes from the Fseroe Islands, 153; On the reported occurrence of a Garefowl in the Faeroes, 199; Notes from an Arctic Journal, 313, 372, 407, 445
Nesting habits of the Kestrel and Sparrowhawk, 436
White-fronted Goose, 29; Ornithological notes from Devon and Cornwall, 52, 249, 430; Bottlenosed Dolphin at Plymouth, 56; Large Mackerel at Plymouth, Scyllarus arctus at Plymouth, 107; Common Dolphin at Plymouth, 128; Ornithological notes from Devon, 131; Little Crake in Cornwall, 214; Swordfish aud Sunfish on the coast of Devon, 351; Variety of the Weasel, 434
Provincial names of British animals, 291
Anecdote of a Rough-legged Buzzard, 26; The Swannery at Abbotsbury, 208; Provincial names of British animals, 287, 386; Pugnacity of the Waterhen, 347; Gazelle-hawking in Egypt, 389; A fight between a pair of Kestrels, 391
The attractive power of light on birds, 27; Purple Galliuule in Norfolk, 29
Notes from the Isle of Wight, 253
The Rooks and Rookeries of London, past and present, 193; Spotted Flycatcher nesting in Hyde Park, 455
Wood Wren in Ireland, 348; The Grey Wagtail gregarious at roosting-time, 390; Tree Pipit in Ireland, 454
Red-backed Shrike nesting near London, 297
On the distinguishing characters of the British Cetacea, 1; Scarcity of the Corn Crake, 59; The land and freshwater Mollusca of Sussex, 84, 122, 161; The Falconry Club, 103; Goats eating yew-leaves, 177: Former nesting of the Kite in London, 215; An old list of Lincolnshire birds, 219; On the moult of bill and palpebral appendages in the Common Puffin, discovered by Dr. Bureau (with coloured plate), 233; Hunting the Wild Cat, 251; Cattle eating yew, 253; Remarks on British White Wild Cattle, 275; The South-American Mauatee in the Westminster Aquarium, 285; Bearing Water Ouzels in confinement, 298; Gazelle-hawking in Egypt, 335; Hybrid Black Grouse and Capercaillie, 349; European Quail in America, 390; Occurrence in Ireland of the Lesser Snow Goose, 419; Snow Geese in Ireland, 453; A hen swimming, 454
Longevity in the Dog, 100; Wood Pigeons nesting near a house, 215; Goats eating tobacco, 292; Provincial names of animals, 385
Land and freshwater Mollusca of Sussex, 180; Hoopoes on the Sussex coast, 392
A hen swimming, 437
Orange variety of the Mole, 128
On a specimen of the Beaked Whale recently killed in the Menai Strait, 13
Provincial names of birds, &c, 222
On the appearance and breeding of Pastor roseus in the Province of Verona (translated from the Italian of Edoardo de Betta), 16
Provincial names of birds, 347
Crossbill nesting in Sutherlandshire, 180
Wryneck in Perthshire, 437
Ornithological notes from the Sea of Marmora, 217; Early appearance of the Jack Snipe, 435
Difference in mode of feeding in the Rabbit and the Hare, 100
White-nosed Dolphin on the Irish coast, 292; Montagu's Blenny in Ireland, 297
Hoopoes near Salisbury, 24; Great Grey Shrike nesting near Salisbury, 56
The Rooks and Rookeries of London, 441
Bat seizing a Snake, 128
Young Ring Doves in February, 106; Hybernation of the Slow-worm, 135
Chiffchaff 's nest in a holly, 254
The revival of Falconry, 129
Natural-History notes from Poole, 130; Spoonbill in Dorsetshire, 209; Glossy Ibis in Dorsetshire, 296
Provincial names of British animals, 331, 428
Brent Goose in Bedfordshire, 58; Dunlins in Bedfordshire in December, 59; Kittiwake in Bedfordshire, 60; Curious death of a Kingfisher, 106; Singular immigration of Jays into Oxfordshire, 133; Pugnacity of the Moorhen, Manx Shearwater in Oxfordshire, 135; Nesting habits of the Kingfisher, 213; Manx Shearwater in Oxfordshire and Northamptonshire, 220; Provincial names of British animals, 291, 386; Nesting habits of the Kestrel and Sparrowhawk, 346
The mammals of Shakspeare, 113, 166, 202, 244, 325; Goats eating yew, 206
Egg of the Pallid Swift, 25
Sabine's Gull at Scarborough, 455
Note on the Pied Wagtail, 28; Golden Oriole in Cornwall in the winter, 106; Beech Marten in Cornwall, 127; Grey Phalarope in Cornwall in May, 255; Purple Heron and Wood Sandpiper at Scilly, 391; Hoopoes at the Land's End, 392
Provincial names of British ani- mals, 290 ; Seal killed in a sluice, 389 ; Spotted Crake in Suffolk, 454
Saunders, Howard, F.L.S., F.Z.S.
A catalogue of works and articles relating to the Ornithology of France, 95
Provincial names of British ani- mals, 427 ; Starlings destroying Larks' eggs, 451
Blackcap in the County Dublin, 256
White Jay and Pied Lapwing near York, 106
Smee, A.H., F.Z.S.
Goats eating tobacco, 253 ; Pro- vincial names of British animals, 333
Pied Flycatcher and Black Red- start in Somerset, 27 ; Curious nesting freak of the Common Buzzard, 339
Smith, Edgar A., F.L.S.
Abnormal growth of a New Zealand Laud Snail, 61
Southwell, Thomas, F.Z.S.
Hydrophobia from the bite of a Polecat, 55
Weasel carrying its young, 252 ; How to form a Rookery, 255 ; Provincial names of British animals, 291 ; Partridge swim- ming, 349 : Weasel stealing eggs, 451
Stevenson, Henry, F.L.S.
Ornithological notes from Norfolk, 41
Stockwell, G.A., M.D.
On some peculiarities in the anatomy of Soft-shelled Turtles, 401
Tomlinson, Henry George
Nesting habits of the Kingfisher, 178; Nesting habits of the Water Ouzel, 212 ; Nesting habits of the Stonechat, Wheatear, and Whinchat, 294 ; Notes from the New Forest on Woodpeckers, 345 ; Chiffchaff nesting at a height from the ground, 350
Tuck, Rev. Julian G., M.A.
Ornithological notes from Alde- burgh, Suffolk, 434
Pomatorhine Skua and Puffiu in Berkshire, 134
Terns and Skuas in the Estuary of the Moy, 20, 60 ; Spotted Red- shank in the County Mayo, 28 ; Ornithological notes from the Moy Estuary, 173 ; Godwits and Knots retaining their winter winter plumage in summer, 341
Scientific research in the 17th century, as exemplified in the Diary of Mr. Samuel Pepys, F.K.S., 361
Wharton, C. Bygrave, F.Z.S.
Scarcity of the Corn Crake, 59
Wharton, Henry T., M.A., F.Z.S.
On the orthography of the genus Chroïcocephalus, 105
Little Auk in Nottinghamshire, 60 ; Harlequin Duck at Filey, Grey Crow in Yorkshire in summer, 135 ; Provincial names of British animals, 290
White, E.W., F.Z.S.
Condor hunting on the Sierras, 155
Black Hare in Ireland, 434 ; Sa- bine's Gull in Ireland, Early arrival of the Snow Bunting, 437
ALPHABETICAL LIST OF SUBJECTS.
Abnormal growth of a New Zealand Land Snail, 61
Achatina acicula, 125
Acme liueata, 126
Anatomy of Soft-shelled Turtles, some peculiarities in, 401
Ancylus fluviatilis, 157, 181
Ancylus„ lacustris, vel oblonga, 167
Anecdote of a Rough-legged Buz- zard, 26
Animals, British, provincial names of, 287, 290, 291, 292, 329, 330, 331, 332, 333, 334, 385, 386, 387, 427, 428, 429
'Animals, the Fur-bearing; a Mono- graph of the North- American Mus- telidæ' (review), 188
Anodonta cygnæa, 163
Anser albatus, 419, 45.3
Aplexus hypnorum, 181
Apteryx, Owen's, egg of, 436
Arion ater, 85
Arion„ hortensis, 86
Auk, Little, in Nottinghamshire, 60
Azeca tridens, 125
Baikie, Edwin Simpson, 'Inter- national Dictionary for Naturalists and Sportsmen' (review), 360
Balæna biscayensis, 4
Balæna„ mysticetus, id.
Balænoptera laticeps, 5
Balænoptera„ musculus, id.
Balænoptera„ rostrata, id.
Balænoptera„ Sibbaldii, id.
Balia perversa, vel fragilis, 124
Bat, long-eared, note on, 22
'Beasts, Wild, of India, Thirteen Years among' (review), 356
Bird, a new fossil, 256
Bird migration in the spring of 1878, 240
'Birds, British, History of' (review), 462
Birds, wading, in autumn at Holy Island, 22 ; attractive power of light on, 27 ; spring migration, 30 216, 240 ; migration in autumn 100; in the winter of 1877-78, 102 striking the lanterns of lighthouses 132 ; Lincolnshire, an old list of, 219; British, provincial names 222, 347 (see Animals) ; Sea, de struction of shell-fish by, 223 inability to distinguish eggs, 340
Blackcap in Scotland in winter, 220 ; in County Dublin, 256
Blenny, Montagu's, in Ireland, 297
Brambling, strange resting-place, 42
Breeding of wildfowl in Norfolk, id.
" Bribe-buck," 388
Bubble-shell, Slender, 166
Bubble-shell,„ Stream, id.
Bulimus montanus, 122
Bulimus„ obscurus, id.
Bunting, Snow, 43 ; early arrival, 437
Buzzard, Common, curious nesting freak of, 339
Buzzard,„ Rough-legged, 26
Buzzards, Common and Rough- legged, in Kirkcudbrightshire, 58
Bythinia Leachii, 164
Bythinia„ tentaculata, id.
Campion, Major J.S., 'On the Frontier ; Reminiscences of Wild Sports, Personal Adventures, and Strange Scenes' (review), 396
Capercaillie in Scotland, 221, 342; and Black Grouse, hybrid, 349
Caprimulgus europæus, 154
Carychium minimum, id.
Cat, Wild, hunting the, 251
Cattle, British, White Wild, visit to the existing herds, 273
Cetacea, British, distinguishing cha- racters, 1
Chamois, White, in Switzerland, 337
Chiffchaff 's nest in a holly, 254; at a height from the ground, 350
Chroïcocephalus, orthography of the genus, 105
Clausilia biplicata, 124, 168
„ laminata, 124
,, nigricans, vel rugosa, vel perversa, id.
„ Rolphii, id.
Close-time Committee of the British Association, Dublin, Report of, 321
Coil-shell, Flattened, 165
„ Horny, id.
„ Keeled, id.
„ Nautilus, id.
„ Round-spired, 106
„ Shining, id.
„ Smooth, 165
„ Streaked, 106
., Twisted, id.
„ Whorled, id.
Columba palumbus, 154
Condor hunting on the Sierras, 155
Colquhoun, John, 'The Moor and the Loch' (review), 189
Coues, Elliott, 'The Fur-bearing Animals' (review), 189
Coues, Elliott„ and J.A. Allen, 'The Rodents of North America' (re- view), 187
Crake, Corn, scarcity of, 59
„ Little, in Cornwall, 214
„ Spotted, in Suffolk, 454
Crossbill nesting in Sutherlandshire 180
Crow, Grey, in Yorkshire, in summer, 135
„ Hooded, in summer, 43
Crustacea, Cornish, 352 ; and Fish recently obtained in Cornwall, 423
Crustacean, rare, from Mount's Bay, Cornwall, 256
Cuckoo, late appearance of, 43 ; lay- ing two eggs in one nest, 256, 350
Curlew, Pigmy, 43
Cyclostoma elegans, 126
Cypselus pallidus, 25
Dale, C. W., 'History of Glanville's Wootton, in the County of Dorset, including its Zoology and Botany ' (review), 401
Dallas, W. S., F.L.S., ' The Popular Science Review' (review), 463
Delphinapterus leucas, 8
Delphinus acutus, 11
,, albirostris, id.
„ bidentatus, 15
„ delphis, 11
,, tursio, id.
Diver, Great Northern, 45
Dog, longevity in, 100
Dolphin, Bottle-nosed, 11; at Ply- mouth, 56
„ Common, 1 1 ; at Plymouth, 128
White-beaked, 11, 292
„ White-sided, 11
Doves, Ring, young in February, 106
„ Turtle, building near a dwel- ling-house, 255
Duck, Harlequin, at Filey, 135
„ Long-tailed, food of, 221
Dunlins in Bedfordshire in December, 59
Egg of Pallid Swift, 25 ; of Owen's Aptervx, 137
Eggs, inability of birds to distinguish, 340; Weasel stealing, 451; Larks', Starlings destroying, id.
Entomological Society of London, proceedings, 36, 63, 140, 184, 232, 299, 353, 393, 438
Falco aesalon, 153
Falconry Club, 103
Falconry, revival of, 73, 129
Fauna of the Lake District, 205
'Field Paths and Green Lanes; being Country Walks, chiefly in Surrey and Sussex' (review), 146
Fish and Crustacea recently obtained in Cornwall, 423
Flycatcher, Pied, in Somerset, 27
,, Spotted, nesting in Hyde Park, 455
Food of Long-tailed Duck, 221
Fratercula arctica, 154
Gallinule, Purple, in Norfolk, 29
'Gamekeeper at Home ; Sketches of Natural History and Rural Life' (review), 358
Gare-fowl, reported occurrence in the Faeroes, 199
Gazelle-hawking in Egypt, 335, 389
Gasteropoda, 85, 163
Geese, Bernicle, at Ringwood, 435
Geese„ Snow, in Ireland, 419, 453
Globiocephalus rnelas, 10
Goats eating yew-leaves, 177, 206, 253 ; eating Serpents with im- punity, 207 ; eating tobacco, 253, 292
Godwits retaining their winter plu- mage in summer, 341
Goose, Brent, in Bedfordshire, 58
Goose„ Snow, in Ireland 419, 453
Goose„ White-fronted, 29
Gordon, Rev. H.D., M.A., 'The History of Harting, in the County of Sussex' (review), 64
,, Risso's, id.
Grampus griseus, id.
Grouse, Black, and Capercaillie, hy- brid, 349
Gull, Sabine's, in Ireland, 437 ; at Scarborough, 455
Habits of the Merlin, 133 ; nesting, of Kingfisher, 178, 213 ; of Water Ouzel, 212, 255 ; of the Kestrel and Sparrowhawk, 346
Hare and Rabbit, difference in mode of feeding, 100
Hare, Black, in Ireland, 434
Harrier, Marsh, 44
Harrier,„ Montagu's, 43
'Harting, in the County of Sussex, History of (review), 62
Helix aculeata, 89
Helix„ arbustorum, 91, 180
Helix„ aspersa, 90
Helix„ cautiana, 91
Helix„ caperata, 92
Helix„ Carthusiana, 91
Helix„ concinua, 92
Helix„ ericetorum, 93
Helix„ fusca, 92
Helix„ hispida, id.
Helix„ lapicida, 93
Helix„ nemoralis, 91
Helix„ obvoluta, 94
Helix„ pomatia, 89
Helix„ pulchella, 93, 181
Helix„ pygmaea, 93
Helix„ rotundata, id.
Helix„ rufescens, 92
Helix„ rupestris, 93
Helix„ serieea, 92
Helix„ virgata, id.
Hen swimming, 437, 454
Henry, Prof., death of, 257
Heron, Purple, at Scilly, 391
Hewitson, W.C, death of, 257
Hoopoe, 44 ; in Gloucestershire, 392 ; in the Isle of Wight, id.
Hoopoes near Salisbury, 24 ; on the Sussex coast, 392 ; at the Land's End, id.
Hybernation of the Slow-worm, 135 Hybrid Black Grouse and Caper- caillie, 349
Hydrophobia from the bite of a Pole- cat, 55
Hyperoodon latifrons, 7
„ rostratus, 7, 14
Ibis, Glossy, in Dorsetshire, 296
'Insects, Injurious, Notes of Obser- vations of (review), 149
Jay, white, near York, 106
Jays, singular immigration into Ox- fordshire, 133
Jennings, Louis J., 'Field Paths and Green Lanes' (review), 146
Kennedy, Capt. A.W.M. Clark, 'To the Arctic Regions and Back in Six Weeks' (review), 263
Kestrel, nesting habits, 346, 436
Kestrels, fight between a pair, 391
Killer, or Grampus, 9
Kingfisher, curious death of, 106; nesting habits of, 178, 213 ; early nesting of, 255
Kite, former nesting in London, 215
Kittiwake in Bedfordshire, 60
Knot retaining summer plumage, 391
Knots retaining their winter plumage in summer, 341
Lapwing, pied, near York, 106
Larks' eggs, Starlings destroying, 451
Larus glaucus, 154
Larus„ leucopterus, id.
Lee, Henry, F.L.S., F.Z.S., &c, 'The White Whale' (review), 270
Limax agrestis, 86
Limax„ flavus, id.
Limax„ marginatus, id.
Limax„ maximus, 87
Limnæa auricula, 167
Limnæa„ glabra, id.
Limnæa„ palustris, id.
Limnæa„ peregra, id.
Limnæa„ stagnalis, id.
Limnæa„ truncatula, id.
Limnaeus truncatulus, 181
Limpet, Lake, 167
Limnæa„ River, id.
Linnean Society of London, pro- ceedings, 30, 107, 136, 181, 227, 258, 297, 456
Lobsters, exuviation of, 225
Lockwood, Edwd., 'Natural History, Sport and Travel' (review), 458
Longevity in the Dog, 100
Lucas, T.J., 'Camp Life and Sport in South Africa' (review), 266
Mackerel, large, at Plymouth, 107
Mammals of Shakspeare, 113, 108, 202, 244, 325
Manatee, South American, in the Westminster Aquarium, 285
Marsh-shell, Common, 164
Marten, Beech, in Cornwall, 127
Marten-cat in Wastdale, Cumberland, 128
Megaptera boöps, 4
Merlin, habits of, 133
Merlins nesting in a tree, 29
Mesoplodon bidens, 8
'Midland Naturalist' (review), 152
Migrants, arrival and departure of, as observed chiefly in the vicinity of Cromer and Norwich, 45 ; autumn and winter, 215; summer, near Dublin, 217
Migration, spring, of birds, 30, 216; autumnal, of waders, 43 ; of birds ou the N.E. coast, 47 ; in autumn, 100 ; in the winter of 1877-78, 102 ; bird, in the spring of 1878, 240 : double, of Woodcock, 389
Mole, orange variety, 22, 128
Mollusca, land and freshwater, of Sussex. 84, 122, 161, 180
Monodon monoceros, 8
'Moor and the Loch' (review), 189
Moorhen, pugnacity, 135
Mud-shell, Ear-shaped, 107
Mud-shell,„ Marsh, id.
Mud-shell,„ Pond, id.
Mud-shell,„ Smooth, id.
Mud-shell,„ Truncate, id.
Mud-shell,„ Wandering, id.
Mullet, Red, in December, 61
Mussel, Painter's, 103
Mussel,„ Swan, id.
Nares, Sir G.S., R.N., K.C.B., F.R.S., 'Narrative of a Voyage to the Polar Sea during 1875–6, in H.M. Ships "Alert" and "Dis- covery"; with Notes on the Natural History, edited by H. W. Feilden, F.G.S., C.M.Z.S.' (review), 301
'Natural History and Rural Life, Sketches of' (review), 358
Natural-History notes from Poole, 130
'Natural History, Sport and Travel ' (review), 458
'Naturalists and Sportsmen, Inter- national Dictionary for' (review), 360
Neritina fluviatilis, id.
Nest of Chiffchaff in a holly, 254 ; of Cuckoo, two eggs in, 256, 350
Nesting of Merlins in a tree, 29; of Great Grey Shrike near Salisbury, 56; habits of Kingfisher, 178, 213; of Crossbill in Sutherlandshire, 180; of Wood Pigeons near a house, 180, 215; of the Water Ouzel, 212, 255; former, of the Kite in London, 215; abnormal, of the Nuthatch, 254; habits of the Stonechat, Wheatear and Whinchat, 294; of Red-backed Shrike near London, 297 ; freak, curious, of the Common Buzzard, 339; habits of the Kestrel and Sparrowhawk, 346, 436 ; of Chiff- chaff at a height from the ground, 350 ; of Willow Wren at a height from the ground, 351; of Spotted Flycatcher in Hyde Park, 455
Nesting-place, strange, of Brambling, 42
Notes from an Arctic Journal, 313, 372, 407, 445; from the New Forest, on Woodpeckers, 345 ; on some Fishes and Crustacea re- cently obtained in Cornwall, 423
'Notes of Observations of Injurious Insects ' (review), 149
Nuthatch, autumnal nesting, 254
Orca gladiator, 9
Oriole, Golden, 41 ; in Com wall in the winter, 106
Ornithological notes from Aldeburgh, Suffolk, 434; from Devon, 131; from Devon and Cornwall, 52, 249, 430 ; from Norfolk, 41 ; from the Fseroe Islands, 153 ; from the Isle of Wight, 253; from the Lake District, 118 ; from the Moy Estuary, 173 ; from the Sea of Marmora, 217
Ornithology of France, catalogue of works and articles relating to, 95
Ouzel, Water, nesting habits, 212, 255 ; rearing in confinement, 293
Owl, Short-eared, 42
Pagophila eburnea, 154
Paludina vivipara, 164, 180
Partridge swimming, 349
Pastor roseus, appearance and breed- ing in the Province of Verona, 16
Pea-shell, Glossy, 163
Pea-shell,„ Little, 162
Pea-shell,„ River, id.
Pea-shell,„ Stream, id.
Phalarope, Grey, in Hants, 134 ; in Cornwall in May, 255
Pheasant, mule, 44
Physeter macrocephalus, 6
Phocæna communis, 10
Physa fontinalis, 166, 181
Physa„ hypnorum, 166
Pigeons, Wood, nesting near a house, 180, 215
Pipit, Tree, in Ireland, 348, 454
Pisidium amnicum, 162
Pisidium„ fontinale, id.
Pisidium„ nitidum, 163
Pisidium„ pusillum, 162
Planorbis albus, 165, 181
Planorbis„ carinatus, 165
Planorbis„ complanatus, vel marginatus, id.
Planorbis„ contortus, 166
Planorbis„ corneus, 165, 181
Planorbis„ fontanus, 166, 181
Planorbis„ glaber, 165
Planorbis„ nautilus, 165, 181
Planorbis„ nitidus, 166
Planorbis„ obtusale, 181
Planorbis„ spirorbis, 166
Planorbis„ vortex, 165, 181
Plover, Norfolk, 41
Plover shooting on the Stirlingshire coast, 210
Polecat, hydrophobia from the bite of, 55
Porpoise, 10 ; hunting in Norway in olden times, 338
Porpoises in the Thames, 207
Puffin, Common, moult of bill and palpebral appendages in the (with coloured plate), 233
Puffin in Berkshire, 134
Puffinus griseus, 154
Puffinus„ major, 155
Pugnacity of the Moorhen, 135 ; of the Waterhen, 347
Pupa marginata, vel muscorum, 123
Pupa„ secale, vel juniperi, 122
Pupa„ umbilicata, vel cylindracea, 123
Quail, European, in America, 390
Rabbit and Hare, difference in mode of feeding, 100
Rabbits and Rats, difference in mode of attacking turnips, 178
Rail, Water, pied, in Ireland, 106
Rat, Black, in Cornwall, 388
Rat seizing a Snake, 128
Razor back, 5
Redshank, Spotted, in the County Mayo, 28 ; on Breydon, 44
Redstart, Black, in Somerset, 27
'Riding Recollections' (review), 310
'Rodents of North America' (review), 187
Rookery, how to form a, 255
Rooks and Rookeries of London, past and present, 193, 441
Rorqual, Common, 5
„ Lesser, id.
„ Rudolphi's, id.
„ Sibbald's, id.
Sanderson, G. P., ' Thirteen Years among the Wild Beasts of India' (review), 356
Sandpiper, Wood, at Scilly, 391
Scientific research in the 17th cen- tury, 301
Scolopax rusticola, 154
'Scottish Naturalist' (review), 151
Scyllarus arctus at Plymouth, 107 ; off Penzance, 136
Sea, summer, destructive, 392
Seal killed in a sluice, 389
Shearwater, Great, &c, at North Berwick, 436
„ Manx, 43; in Oxfordshire, 135 ; and Northamptonshire, 220
Shell, Common Chrysalis, 122
„ Common Varnished, 125
„ Dark Close, 124
„ Dwarf Whorl, 123
„ Elegant Circle, 126
„ Folded Closed, 124
,, Fragile Moss, id.
„ Glossy Trident, 125
,, Laminated Close, 124
„ Little Sedge, 125
,, Margined, 123
„ Marsh Whorl, id.
„ Needle Agate, 125
„ Rolph's Close, 124
„ Striated Pointed, 125
„ Toothless Whorl, 123
„ Umbilicated, id.
Shell-fish, destruction of by sea birds, 223
'Shooting, Yachting, and Sea-fishing Trips at Home and on the Con- tinent' (review), 145
Shrike, Great Grey, 41, 45 ; nesting near Salisbury, 56
Shrike Red-backed, nesting near Lon- don, 297 : in Ireland, 437
Skua, Pomatorhine, in Berkshire, 134
„ Richardson's, 44
Skuas in the Estuary of the Moy, 26
Slow-worm, hybernation, 135
Slug, Black, 85
„ Field, 86
„ Great, 87
„ Sowerby's, 86
„ Yellow, id.
Snail, Amber, 87
„ Bristly, 92
,, Carthusian, 91
„ Cellar, 88
„ Cheese, 94
„ Clear-shelled, 88
,, Common Garden, 90
., Crystalline, 88
„ Dusky, 92
„ Edible, 89
,, Garden, 86
„ Garlic, 88
,, Glossy, id.
„ Heath, 93
„ Kentish, 91
,, Little-rayed, 88
„ Little Wall, 93
„ Neat, 92
„ Pigmy, 93
„ Prickly, 89
„ Rock, 98
„ Rounded, id.
,, Rufescent, 92
,, Shining, 88
,. Shrub, 91
„ Silky, 92
,, Slender Amber, 87
,, Tawny, 89
,, Transparent Glass, 87
„ White, 93
„ Wood, 91
., Wrinkled, 92
,, Zoned, id.
Snail, Laud, a New Zealand, ab- normal growth of, 61
Snake seized by a Rat, 128
Snipe, Common, albino specimen, 29