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BEATRICE — B The circle of rollers is therefore carried either in a cage or some other contrivance. A well-designed bearing is shown in the figure. The balls and paths are capable of ready removal from the outer bracket support, and when removed the balls are prevented from falling by the ring paths. Very heavy loads, such as bridges, guns, and their mountings, etc., are commonly carried on a circle of rollers, forming in effect roller bearings, with such excellent results that the resistance to rotation is very small compared with the total load. (G. H. ba.) Beatrice, capital of Gage county, Nebraska, U.S.A., situated in the south-eastern part of the state, in the valley of Big Blue river, at an altitude of 1265 feet, in an agricultural region. It has three railways : the Burlington and Missouri River; the Chicago, Rock Island, and Pacific ; and the Union Pacific. Population (1900), 7875. Beaulieu, a French village in the arrondissement of Nice, department of Alpes Maritimes, 5 miles E. by N. of Nice and 1 mile S.E. of Villefranche, of which it may be regarded as an extension. Formerly a mere hamlet, it has become in recent years a frequented and fashionable winter resort, and has numerous handsome villas. In the vicinity are interesting grottoes. Population (1891), 184 • (1896), 1031. Beaumont, capital of Jefferson county, Texas, U.S.A., situated on Neches river, in the eastern part of the state, in a rich agricultural region, where cotton is the principal product. It is surrounded by dense forests of pine and cypress, and has extensive lumber manufactures. In 1901 wells were sunk at Beaumont, and petroleum was found in large quantities. It is at the intersection of four railways, affording communication in all directions. Population (1900), 9427. Beaumont, Sir John (1583-1627), English poet, second son of the judge, Sir Francis Beaumont, was born at Grace-Dieu, in Leicestershire, in 1583. The deaths of his father (in 1598) and of his elder brother, Sir Henry Beaumont (in 1605), made the poet early the head of this brilliant family; the dramatist, Francis Beaumont, being a younger brother. John went to Oxford in 1596, and entered as a gentleman commoner in Broadgate’s Hall, the present Pembroke College. It is said that he was intended for the law, but on the death of Henry he no doubt went down to Grace-Dieu to manage the family estates. He began to write verse early, and in 1602, at the age of nineteen, he published anonymously his Metamorphosis of Tobacco, written in very smooth couplets, in which he addressed Drayton as his “loving friend.” He lived in Leicestershire for many years as a bachelor, being one “who never felt Love’s dreadful arrow.” But in process of time he became a tardy victim, and married a lady of the Fortescue family, who bore him four stout sons, the eldest of whom, another John, was accounted one of the most athletic men of his time. “He could leap 16 feet at one leap, and would commonly, at a stand-leap, jump over a high long table in the hall, light on a settle beyond the table, and raise himself straight up.” This magnificent young man was not without literary taste; he edited his father’s posthumous poems, and wrote an enthusiastic elegy on him; he was killed in 1644 at the siege of Gloucester. Another of Sir John Beaumont’s sons, Gervaise, died in childhood, and the incidents of his death are recorded in one of his father’s most touching poems. Sir John Beaumont concentrated his powers on a poem in eight books, entitled The Crown of Thorns, which was greatly admired in MS. by the earl of Southampton and others, but which is lost. After long retirement, Beaumont was persuaded by the duke of Buckingham to move in larger circles; he

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attended court, and in 1626 was made a baronet. This honour he did not long survive, for he died on the 19th of April 1627, and was buried in Westminster Abbey ten days later. The new Sir John, the strong man, published in 1629 a volume entitled Bosworth Field; with a taste of the variety of other Poems left by Sir John Beaumont. No more “tastes” were ever vouchsafed, so that it is by this volume and by the juvenile Metamorphosis of Tobacco that Beaumont’s reputation has to stand. Of late years, the peculiarities of John Beaumont’s prosody have drawn attention to his work. He wrote the heroic couplet, which was his favourite measure, with almost unprecedented evenness. Bosworth Field, the scene of the battle of which Beaumonts principal poem gives a vaguely epical narrative, lay close to the poet’s house of Grace-Dieu. He writes on all occasions with a smoothness which was very remarkable in the first quarter of the 17 th century, and which marks him, with Waller and Sandys, as one of the pioneers of the classic reformation of English verse. (e. g.) Beauregard, Pierre Gustave Toutant (1818-1893), American soldier, was born near New Orleans, Louisiana, on 28th May 1818. At the United Stajtes military academy he graduated second in his class in July 1838, and was detailed as a lieutenant of engineers. In the Mexican war he distinguished himself in siege operations at Vera Cruz, and upon the advance to the Mexican capital was wounded and twice brevetted. As captain of engineers, in March 1853, he took charge of constructive defences in and about Louisiana and the Gulf coast (1853-60), and was superintendent at West Point in January 1861 for a few days. Resigning his United States commission on 20th February 1861, he became a brigadier-general of the new Southern Con-* federacy, and was sent to direct the operations at Charleston, South Carolina, which resulted in the capture of lort Sumter and the outbreak of civil war. Ordered next to Virginia, he won, with General Joseph E. Johnston, the first battle of Bull Run (21st July), was promoted to general, and in the spring of 1862 went to Tennessee as second in command to General Albert S. Johnston. When that officer was killed during the battle of Shiloh on 6th April, Beauregard assumed command. Nearly routing his adversary the first day, he was compelled on the second to fall back to Corinth, Mississippi, which he evacuated in good order on 30th May, upon General Halleck’s approach. His health now failing, he performed less conspicuous service ; defending Charleston (September 1862-April 1864) ^reinforcing Lee near Petersburg (May 1864); and later in 1864 attempting with inadequate troops to resist General Sherman’s march through Georgia and the Carolinas. With General Joseph E. Johnston he surrendered to Sherman in April 1865. After the war he engaged in railway management, became adjutant-general of his native state, and served the Louisiana lottery. He died in New Orleans, 20th February 1893. Beauvais, chief town of department of Oise, 1 ranee, 44 miles N.N.W. of Paris, with stations on the railway from Paris to Trefort and other lines. Besides its other industries, Beauvais is a great centre of toy manufactures. Population (1881), 14,934; (1896), 16,371. Beaverdam, a city of Dodge county, Wisconsin, U.S.A., situated in the south-eastern part of the state, in 45 28' N. lat., and 88° 52' W. long., at an altitude of 873 feet. The Chicago, Milwaukee, and St Paul Railway passes through it. Its position on the shore of Beaverdam Lake makes it an attractive summer resort. It is the seat of Way land University. Population (1900), 5128. Beaver Falls, a borough of Beaver county, S. II. — 24