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H.M. Behring Sea Commissioners, 1891, and under the Behring Sea Joint Commission Agreement, 1892 ; author of numerous scientiiic and technical reports printed by the Canadian Government, and scientific and other papers. (G. M. D.) DAY, Lewis F.; English Designer and Art Lecturer; Med. Paris Exhibition (1900); Examiner for Art, Board of Education ; author of ‘ Windows—Stained and Painted Glass,’ ‘ The Anatomy of Pattern,’ ‘ The Distribution of Ornamental Design,’ ‘ Nature in Ornament,’ etc. (L. F. D.) DAYOT, Armand; Inspector of Pine Arts, Ministry of Fine Arts, France ; author of ‘ Un siecle d'art,’ ‘ La Devolution Frangaise, d’apres des peintures, sculptures, etc.,’ ‘Les maitres de la caricature Frangaise an XIX® siecle,’ etc. (A. Da.) DEACON, George Frederick, M.I.M.E.; Member of Council of Institution of Civil Engineers, London ; investigated schemes for water-supply of Liverpool; projected the Yyrnwy scheme ; carried out part of it in conjunction with the late Thomas Hawksley; President Association of Municipal and County Engineers, 1878 ; President Engineering Section Sanitary Institute, 1894; President Mechanical Science Section, British Association, Toronto, 1897. (G. F. D.) DEANS, Richard Storry, LL.B.; Barristerat-Law, Gray’s Inn. (R. S. D.) DENNING, W. F., F.R.A.S.; Gold Medal, R.A.S. ; President Liverpool Ast. Society, 1877-78; author of ‘Telescopic Work for Starlight Evenings,’ ‘The Great Meteoric Shower,’ etc. (W. F. D.) DE VILIiIERS, J ohn Abraham J.; British Museum. (J. A. J. de V.) DE VINNE, Theodore Low, printer and typographist, New York; head of the firm of Theodore L. de Vinne and Co.; author of ‘Printers’ Price List,’ ‘Invention of Printing,’ ‘Historic Types,’etc. (T. L. de V.) DEWAR, James, M.A., Hon. LL.D. (Glasgow, St Andrews, Edin.), D.Sc. (Victoria), F.R.S., F.R.S.Ed., F.I.C., F.C.S.; Professorial Fellow of Peterhouse, Camb.; Jacksonian Professor of Experimental Philosophy, Cambridge; Fullerian Professor of Chemistry, Royal Institution, London ; Vice-President of the Royal Society ; a Director of the Davy - Faraday Research Laboratory; President British Association for 1902; co - inventor witli Sir Frederick Abel of cordite; late member of the Government Explosives Committee; author of ‘Alum,’ etc. in Ninth Edition of ‘Ency. Brit.,’ numerous papers contributed to the proceedings of the Royal Societies of London and Edinburgh, the Royal Institution, the British Association, the Chemical Society, etc. (J. Dr.) DIBDIN, Charles, F.R.G.S., A.V.I.; Knight of St John of Jerusalem in England; Hon. Corresponding Member of Institutions de Prevoyance, France; Secy, of the Royal National Lifeboat Institution, England; Hon. Secy, of the Civil Service Lifeboat Fund. (C. Di.) DIBDIN, Lewis Tonna, K.C., D.C.L. (Durham), F.S.A. ; author of ‘ Church Courts,’ ‘City Livery Companies,’ ‘Brewer’s Endowment and Establishment,’ ‘ Monasticism in England,’ ‘Hanson’s Death Duties.’ (L. T. D.) DICEY, Edward, C.B., B.A.; editor of ‘The Observer ’ (London), 1870-89 ; author of ‘ Rome in I860,’ ‘Cavour,’ ‘The Morning Land,’ ‘England and Egypt,' ‘Victor Emmanuel,’ ‘ Bulgaria, the Peasant State,’ ‘ The Story of the Khedivate,’ etc. (E. D.) DICKEY, Rev. Charles A., D.D.; President of the Presbyterian Hospital in Philadelphia; Moderator of the General Assembly of the Presbyterian Church in the U.S., 1900. (C. A. D.) DICKSON,H enry N e wt on, B. Sc., F. R. S. E., F.R.G.S.; late Vice-President Royal Meteorological Society; Lecturer in Physical Geography, Oxford; author of ‘ Meteorology: the Elements of Weather and Climate,’ etc. (H. N. D.) DIXON, Capt. J. Whitly, R.N.; conservator of the river Humber ; late Staff Commander of the Medway Fleet Reserve; author of ‘ Mariner’s Compass in an Iron Ship,’ etc. (J. W. D.) DOBSON, George; Petersburg; author of ‘ Russia’s Railway Advance and Central Asia,’ etc. (G. D.) DOBSON, Henry Austin, Principal, H.M. Board of Trade, to 1901; author of ‘ Hogarth ’ in Ninth Edition of ‘Ency. Brit.’; ‘Proverbs in Porcelain,’ ‘ Old-World Idylls,’ ‘At the Sign of the Lyre,’ ‘Collected Poems,’ ‘Thomas Bewick and his Pupils,’ Lives of Fielding, Steele, Goldsmith, Horace Walpole, William Hogarth, ‘ Four Frenchwomen,’ ‘ Eighteenth Century Vignettes,' ‘A Paladin of Philanthropy,’ etc. (A. D.)

DODD, Lieut.-Col. John Richard, M.B., F. Arsenal, Woolwich. (J. R. D.) DOUGLAS, Janies, LL.D.; member and VicePresident Am. Inst, of Mining Engineers; member Am. Philosoph. Soc., Am. Geolog. Soc., Society of Arts, London, etc.; formerly Professor of Chemistry, Morrin College, Quebec ; author of ‘ Canadian Independence,’ ‘ Imperial Federation and Annexation,’ numerous technical articles and reports, etc. (J. Ds.) DOUGLAS, Robert Kennaway, Keeper of Oriental Printed Books and MSS. at the British Museum; Professor of Chinese, King’s Coll. London; appointed China Consular Service, 1858; retired, and appointed assistant in charge of Chinese Library, British Museum, 1865; author of ‘Canton,’ ‘China,’ ‘Jenghiz Khan,’ ‘Manchuria,’ etc., in Ninth Edition of ‘Ency. Brit.,’ ‘The Language and Literature of China,’ ‘Confucianism and Taoism,’ ‘China,’ ‘A Chinese Manual,’ ‘The Life of Li HungChang,’‘China.’ (R. K. D.) DOUGLASS, William Tregarthen, M.I.C.E., M.I.M.E., M.I.E.E. ; late Resident Engineer to the Trinity House; Con. Eng. to Govts, of W. Australia, N. S. Wales, Victoria, Cape of Good Hope, etc. ; erected the Eddystone, Bishop Rock Lighthouses, etc.; author of ‘The New Eddystone Lighthouse,’ ‘On the More Efficient Lighting of Estuaries and Rivers,’ etc. (W. T. D.) DOWSON, J. Emerson, M.I.C.E., M.I.M.E.; Inventor of the Dowson Gas Plant; part author of ‘Tramways,’ ‘Decimal Coinage,’ etc. etc. (J. E. Do.) DREYER, John Louis Emil, Director Armagh Observatory; assist. Astronomer at Dublin University Observatory, 1878-82; author of ‘Observatory,’ ‘Sextant,’ ‘Time,’ ‘Transit Circle,’ in Ninth Edition ‘Ency. Brit.,’ ‘Second Armagh Catalogue of 3300 Stars,’ 1886, ‘New General Catalogue of Nebula*, and Clusters of Stars,’ ‘Tycho Brahe’; co-editor ‘Copernicus: an International Journal of Astronomy,’ 1881-84. (J. L. E. D.) DRIESCH, Hans A. E., Ph.D. Jena ; Stazione Zoologica, Naples; author of ‘ Analytical Theory of Organic Development,’ ‘ Biology,’ etc. (H. A. E. D.) DRIVER, Rev. Samuel Rolles, D.D., D.Litt. ; Regius Professor of Hebrew, and Canon of Christ Church, Oxford; member of Old Testament Revision Company; author of ‘Isaiah,’ ‘Notes on the Hebrew Text of the Books of Samuel,’ ‘An Introduction to the Literature of the Old Testament,’ various commentaries ; joint-editor of the ‘ Holy Bible, with various renderings and readings from the best authorities,’ ‘A Hebrew and English Lexicon of the Old Testament.’ (S. R. D.) DUFF, Rt. Hon. Sir Mountstuart Elphinstone Grant, P.C., M.A., D.L., G. for India, 1868-74 ; Under-Secretary for the Colonies, 1880-81 ; Governor of Madras, 188186; Member of Senate University of London, 1891; President Royal Geographical Society, 1889-93; President Royal Historical Society, 1892-99; author of ‘ Miscellanies, Political and Literary,’ ‘ Memoir of Sir H. 8. Maine,’ ‘ Ernest Renan,’ ‘Memoir of Lord de Tabley,’ ‘Notes from a Diary.’ (M. G. D.) DUFFIELD, William Bartleet; of the Inner Temple, Barrister-at-Law. (W. B. Du.) DU FIEF, J. ; Secretaire, Society Royale Beige de Geographie, Bruxelles ; author of ‘ Atlas du Belgique,’ ‘Les edecouvertes maritimes des Portugais au XV siecle,’ ‘ Les Expeditions Beiges au Katenga,’ etc. (J. du F.) DUNCAN, Louis, Ph.D.; sometime President of the American Institute of Electrical Engineers, and Associate Professor of Electricity, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore. (L. Du.) DUNCAN, P, ; Secretary’s Department, Inland Revenue Office, London. (P. D.) DUNNING, William Archibald, Ph.D.; Professor of History, Columbia University, New York; member of The American Historical Association; author of ‘ Essays in Reconstruction,’ etc.; editor ‘ Political Science Quarterly.’ (W. A. D.) DUTT, Romesh Chuuder, C.I.E.; Lecturer Indian History, Univ. Coll. London; Fellow of the Calcutta Univ.; Divisional Commissioner, 1894 and 1895, being the only native of India who attained that position in the last century ; author of a series of historical and social novels in Bengali, and a translation of the Rig Veda and other Sanscrit religious works into that language; in English, ‘Civilization in Ancient India,’ ‘ Lays of Ancient India,’ ‘ Maha-bharata,’ condensed into English verse, ‘ Ramayana,’ condensed into English verse, ‘ England and India, 1785-1885 ; ‘ Famines in India.’ (R. C. D.)

DYER, Sir William Turner Thiselton-, M.A., B.Sc., LL.D., Ph.D., R K.C.M.G., C.M.G., C.I.E., F.R.S. ; Director, Royal Gardens, Kew ; Fellow, University of London, 1887-90; V P.R.S. 1896-97 ; joint-author of ‘Biology’ in Ninth Edition of ‘Ency. Brit.,’ ‘Flora of Middlesex,’ edited English edition of Sachs’ ‘Text-book of Botany,’ ‘Flora Capensis,’ etc. (W. T. T.-D.)

E EARDLEY - WILMOT, Rear-Admiral. Sydney M., R.N.; author of ‘The British Navy, Past and Present,’ ‘ The Next Naval War,’ ‘ Our Flags : Their Origin, Use, and Traditions,' ‘ The Development of Navies during the Last Half Century,’ etc. (S. M. E.-W.) EATON, Fred. A.; Secretary to the Royal Academy, London; edited Thausing’s ‘Albert Diirer : His Life and Works.’ (F. A. E.) EDGINGTON, Charles, M.A.; President Oxford University Speed Skating Club ; holder since 1898 of the world’s speed record for the hour (19 m. 348 yds.). (0. E.) EDGEWORTH, Francis Ysidro, M.A.; D.C.L.; Professor ofPolitical Economy, Oxford Fellow of All Souls’ Coll. Oxford; Fellow of King’s Coll. London; editor of the ‘ Economic Journal’; author of ‘Mathematical Psychics,’ etc. (p. Y. E.’) EDWARDS, "William Seymour, Attorney and Counsellor-at-law, U.S.A.; author of ‘ Coals and Cokes in West Virginia.’ (W. S. E.) EGERTON, H. E.; author of ‘ A Short History of British Colonial Policy,’ ‘Sir Stamford Raffles,’ ‘Essays on Christ’s Hospital,’ etc. (H. E. Eg.) ELIOT, Charles William, LL.D., D.C.L.; President of Harvard University; author of ‘ American Contributions to Civilization,’ ‘Educational Reform,’ etc. (C. W. E.) ELIOT, Whately, M.I.C.E.; conducted survey of the coast of New Zealand; late Engineer to Peterhead Harbour Board; Resident Engineer Eastham section of the Manchester Ship Canal; Superintendent Civil Engineer, Keyham Dockyard Extension, etc. (W. E.) ELLINGTON, E. B., M.I.C.E.; Member of the Council M.E. ; Member of the Societe des Ingenieurs Civils de France; Chief Engineer London and Liverpool Hydraulic Power Companies, etc.; inventor of numerous improvements in hydraulic machinery. (E. B. E.) ERNST, Gen. Oswald Herbert; BrigadierGeneral U.S.A. ; member of the U.S. Isthmian Canal Commission; Engineer in charge of Western River Improvements, 1878-86, and of Harbour Improvements on Texas Coast, 1886-89; Superintendent U.S. Military Academy, 1893-98; author of ‘Manual ofC Practical Military Enginering,’ etc. (O. H. E.)> EVANS, Hon. Henry Clay; U.S. Commissioner of Pensions, Washington. (H. C. E.) EVERETT, Commander Allan F., R.N.; Signal School, H.M.S. ‘Victory,’ Portsmouth. (A. F. E.) EVERETT, Joseph David, M.A., D.C.L., D.Sc., F.R.S.; late Professor of Natural Philosophy, Queen’s Coll. Belfast; Assist, to Professor of Mathematics, Glasgow, 1864-67; author of ‘ Centimetre - Gramme - Second System of Units,’ English edition of ‘ Deschanel’s Physics,’ ‘Elementary Text-Book of Physics,’ ‘Outlines of Natural Philosophy.’ (J. D. E.) EWART, James Cossar. M.D., F.R.S.; Regius Professor of Natural History, Edinburgh ; Professor Natural History, Aberdeen, 1878-82; member Fishery Board for Scotland; author of ‘ The Locomotor System of the Echinoderms ’ (with the late G. J. Romanes), ‘ On the Progress of Fish Culture in America,’ ‘On Whitebait,’ ‘On the Preservation of Fish,’ ‘ The Development of the Limbs of the Horse.’ (J. C. E.) EWING, James Alfred, M.A., B.Sc., F.R.S., M.I.C.E.; Professor of Mechanism and Applied Mechanics, Cambridge; Fellow of King’s College, Cambridge; Professor of Mechanical Engineering at the Imperial University, Tokyo, Japan, 1878-83; author of ‘Pneumatic Despatch,’ ‘Seismometer,’ ‘Sewerage,’ ‘Siemens,’ ‘Steam Engine,’ ‘Strength of Materials’ in Ninth Edition of ‘Ency. Brit.,' ‘Treatise on Earthquake Measurement,’ ‘Magnetic Induction in Iron and other Metals,’ ‘The Steam Engine and other Heat Engines,’ etc. (J. A. E.) EXETER, Bishop of, Right Rev. Herbert Edward Ryle, D.D., B.A.; Warburton Lecturer 1899-1903; Fellow King’s College, Cambridge, 1881; Divinity Lecturer at