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Assoc. ; delegate of H.M. Gov. to Internat. Conf. on Exploration of the Sea, Christiania, 1901; medallist of the Soci6t6 Centrale d’Agriculture et de Peche, Paris ; author of numerous memoirs on Marine Biology, etc. etc. (W. Ga.) GATES, Lewis Edwards, A.B.; Assistant Professor of English, Harvard University; author of ‘Selections from Jeffrey,' ‘Selections from Newman,’ ‘Three Studies in Literature. (L. E. G.) GEDDIE, John; on the editorial staff of the ‘Scotsman,’Edinburgh; author of ‘The Water of Leith,’ etc. (J. Ge.) GEIKIE, Sir Archibald, Hon. D.C.L., D.Sc., LL.D., F.R.S., F.G.S. ; correspondent of Institute of France, of the Lincei, Rome, of the Academies of Berlin, Vienna, Belgium, Stockholm, Turin, Munich, Christiania, Gottingen, Kais. Leopold, Carol., Philadelphia, New York, National Academy of Sciences of United States, etc. ; Director Geological Survey of Scotland, 1867 ; first Murchison Professor of Geology and Mineralogy, Edinburgh, 1871-82 ; Foreign Sec. Royal Society, 1890-94 ; President Geological Society, 1891-92; President British Association, 1892; Director-General Geological Survey of United Kingdom, and Director Museum of Practical Geology, London, 1882-1901; author of ‘ Geography ’ (Physical), ‘ Geology,’ ‘ Hutton, James,’ ‘Murchison,’ ‘Scotland’ (geology), ‘Vesuvius,’ in Ninth Edition of ‘ Ency. Brit.,’ ‘ Memoir of Edward Forbes’(with G. Wilson), ‘ Geological Map of Scotland’ (with Murchison), ‘The Scenery of Scotland viewed in connexion with its Physical Geology,’ ‘Text-book of Geology,’ ‘New Geological Map of Scotland,’ ‘The Ancient Volcanoes of Britain,’ etc. (A. Ge.) GIANNINI, Torquato C., State Advocate, San Marino; author of ‘Laws and Decrees of the Republic of San Marino,’ etc. (T. G*.) GIBBONS, H.E. Cardinal James, Archbishop of Baltimore, U.S.; author of ‘The Faith of Our Fathers,’ ‘ Our Christian Heritage,’ ‘ The Ambassador of Christ.’ (*ft J. G.) GIBBS, George; Consulting Engineer to the Baldwin Locomotive Works, and the Westinghouse Electric Manufacturing Co.; formerly Mechanical Engineer for the Chicago, Milwaukee, and St Paul R.R. Co.; Member Am. Soc. Mech. Engineers, and Am. Soc. Civ. Engineers. (G. Gi.) GIBSON, George Alexander, M.D., D.Sc. Edin., F.R.C.P. Edin., F.R.S. Edin.; Hon. Member Norwich Med. Chir. Soc.; Fellow and Member of many societies in England and Scotland ; Physician to Royal Infirmary of Edinburgh ; Lecturer on Medicine in School of Medicine of Royal Colleges; editor of the ‘ Edinburgh Med. Journ.’since 1896 ; Secretary, Royal Coll, of Physicians, Edin., 1884-94 ; Member of Council of the College since 1894; author of ‘ Physical Diagnosis ’ (part), ‘ CheyneStokes Respiration,’ ‘ Diseases of the Heart and Aorta ’; editor of ‘ Text-Book of Medicine,’ 1901. (G. A. G.) GIFFEN, Sir Robert, K.C.B., F.R.S.; assistant editor of ‘ Economist,’ London, 186876 ; Chief of Statistical Department, Board of Trade, 1876-82; Assistant Secretary Board of Trade, and afterwards Controller-General of Commercial, Labour, and Statistical Departments, 1882-97 ; President of Statistical Society, 1882-84; author of ‘ American Railways as Investments,’ ‘ Stock Exchange Securities,’ ‘ Essays in Finance,’ ‘ The Progress of the Working Classes in the Last Half-Century,’ ‘The Growth of Capital,’ ‘The Case against Bimetallism,’ etc. (R. Gn.) GILBERT, Grove Karl, A.M.; Geologist U.S. Geological Survey; author of ‘ Geology of the Henry Mountains,’ ‘Lake Bonneville,’ etc. (G. K. G.) GILES, Peter, M.A. ; Fellow of Emmanuel College, Cambridge, and University Reader in Comparative Philology; late Secretary of the Cambridge Philological Society; author of ‘A Short Manual of Comparative Philology,’ etc. (P. Gi.) GILLESPIE, A. L.; F.R.C.P. Edin., F.R.S.E.; author of ‘Natural History of Edinburgh,’ ‘Manual of Modem Gastric Methods,’ etc. (A. L. G.) GILMAN, Daniel Coit, LL.D. ; President Carnegie Inst., Washington; President Johns Hopkins University, 1876-1901; author of ‘Life of James Monroe,’ ‘University Problems,’ etc. (D. C. G.) GINSBURG, Benedict William, M.A., LL.D. ; Secretary of the Royal Statistical Society of Great Britain; author of ‘ Legal Duties of Ship Masters,’ etc. (B. W. G.) GLEICHEN, Count, Albert Edward Wilfred, C.M.G., D.S.O., C.V.O.; Major

Grenadier Guards ; Director of Intelligence and Civil Service, Sudan Provinces; D.A.A.G., S. Africa, l900; Nile Expedition, 1884-85; Intelligence Department, War Office, 1886-88 ; Mission to Abyssinia, 1897 ; D.A.A.G. in Intelligence Division War Office, 1898-99 ; served S. Africa, 1899-1900; author of ‘With the Camel Corps up the Nile,’ ‘ Armies of Europe’ (translation), ‘With the Mission to Menelik.’ (G*.) GOODRICH, Edwin Stephen, M.A.; Fellow of Merton College, Oxford, and Aldrichian Demonstrator of Anatomy, University Museum, Oxford. (E. S. G.) GOODRICH, J. E., D.D. ; Prof, of Latin, University of Vermont; author of ‘Vennont’ in Ninth Edition of ‘ Ency. Brit.’ (J. E. G.) GORDON, Home Seton Charles Montagu; writes for ‘Victoria History Counties of England,’ ‘Morning Post’ (London), ‘The Artist,’ ‘Outlook,’ ‘County Gentleman,’ ‘Badminton Magazine,’ etc. (H. S. C. M. G.) GORDON, Gen. Sir John James Hood, K.C.B., Indian Staff Corps; member of the Council of India. (J. J. H. G.) GORST, John Lowndes, C.B. ; Financial Adviser to the Egyptian Government; Controller of Direct Taxes to Egyptian Government, 1890; Under-Secretary of State for Finance, 1892; Adviser to the Ministry of the Interior, 1894; Grand Cordon Order Medjidieh, 1897. (J. L. G.) GOSCH, C. A.; attache to the Danish Legation in Great Britain ; author of ‘ Denmark and Germany since 1815,’ ‘The Nationality of Schleswig,’ editor of ‘Danish Arctic Expeditions 1605-1620,’ etc. (C. A. G.) GOSSE, Edmund, Hon. M.A. Trin. Coll. Camb.; Hon. LL.D. St Andrews ; Knight of the Royal Norwegian Order of St Olaf, First Class ; Asst. Librarian, British Museum, 1867-75; Translator to Board of Trade; Clark Lecturer in English Literature, Trin. Coll. Camb., 1884-90; author of ‘Cowley,’ ‘Denmark,’ ‘Holberg,’ ‘Holland’ (literature), ‘Norway’ (literature), ‘ Oehlenschlager,’‘Pastoral,’ ‘Sweden’ (literature) in Ninth Edition of ‘ Ency. Brit.,’ ‘ Collected Poems, ’ ‘ Northern Studies, ’ ‘ Life of Gray, ’ ‘Life of Congreve,’ ‘History of Eighteenth Century Literature,’ ‘The Jacobean Poets,’ ‘History of Modern English Literature,’ ‘Life and Letters of Dr John Donne,’ etc. (E. G.) GOUGH, James A. H., B.A. Lond.; late Secretary of the Thames Conservancy. (J. H. Go.) GOULD, Prof. Elgin R. L., Ph.D. ; Pres. City and Suburban Homes Company, New York; formerly Lecturer at Johns Hopkins and Chicago Universities; Cor. Secretary Am._ Statistical Soc.; Member International Statistical Soc., British Economic Soc., and Cor. Member Societe de Statistique, Paris; author of ‘Housing of Working People,’ etc. (E. R. L. G.) GOW, William, M.A. Glasgow, Ph.D. Heidelberg ; Lecturer at University Coll. Liverpool, on Marine Insurance; author of ‘ Marine Insurance,’ a hand-book, ‘A British Imperial Customs Union,’ etc. (W. Go.) GRACE, John Hilton, M.A.; Fellow of Peterhouse, Cambridge. (J. H. Gn.) GRAHAM, P. Anderson; author of ‘Rural Exodus.’ (P. A. G.) GREEN, Joseph Reynolds, Sc.D., F.R.S., F.L.S. ; Professor of Botany, Pharmaceutical Society of Great Britain; Fellow of Downing Coll. Cahibridge ; Demonstrator of Physiology, Cambridge, 1885 - 87 ; author of ‘ A Manual of Botany,’ ‘ The Soluble Ferments and Fermentation,’ etc. (J. R. Gr.) GREENE, General Francis Vinton; Major-General U.S. Volunteers in the SpanishAmerican War; President New York State Canal Commission; author of ‘ The Russian Army and its Campaigns in Turkey,’ ‘Life of Major-General Nathaniel Greene,’ ‘The Mississippi Campaigns of the Civil War, etc. (p. V. G.) GREENE, Thomas L.; Manager of the Audit Company of New York; author of ‘ Corporation Finance,’ etc. (T. L. G.) GREENHILL, Alfred George, M.A., F.R.S. ; Prof, of Math., Ordnance Coll. Woolwich ; author of ‘ Hydromechanics ’ in Ninth Edition of ‘Ency. Brit.,’ ‘Differential and Integral Calculus with Applications,’ ‘A Chapter in the Integral Calculus,’ ‘Applications of Elliptic Functions,’ ‘ Hydrostatics.’ (A. G. G.) GREENOUGH, John, B.A. ; banker and financier, New York. (J. Gh.) GREENWOOD, Frederick; originator and first editor of ‘ Pall Mall Gazette ’ and the ‘ St James’s Gazette’; author of ‘Louis Napoleon

Bonaparte,’ ‘Life of Napoleon the Third, ‘The Lover’s Lexicon,’ ‘ Imagination in Dreams ’ etc. (F. g.) GREENWOOD, Thomas; author of ‘ Public Libraries,’ ‘ The Library Year-book,’ etc. (T. Go. GR EGO, J oseph, English Art Critic and Writer ; author of ‘ A History of Parliamentary Elections,’ ‘ A History of Dancing,’ ‘ Thomas Rowlandson,’ ‘James Gillray,’ etc. (J. Go*. GRIERSON, Colonel James Moncrieff, R.A., M.V.O.; served as D.A.Q.M.G., Indian Contingent, Egypt, 1882; as D.A.A. and Q.M.G., Suakin, 1885 ; as D.A.Q.M.G., Hazara Expedition ; as A.A.G., Army Headquarters, S. Africa, 1900; as D.A.G., China, 1900-1901, on F.M. Count Waldersee’s staff'; Military Attach^, Embassy, Berlin, 1896-1900 ; Chief Staff Officer, 2nd Army Corps, 1901; Knight of Grace of St John of Jerusalem; Commander of 2nd Class of Prussian Royal Crown (with star), Red Eagle, and Saxon Albrecht orders ; author of ‘ Armed Strengths of Armies of Russia, Germany, and Japan,’ ‘Staff Duties in the Field,’ ‘Handbook of the Russian Army.’ (J. M. Gr.) GRIFFITH, Francis Llewelyn, M.A.; Reader in Egyptology, Oxford University; editor of ‘Archaeological Survey of Egypt,’ ‘The Royal Tombs of the First Dynasty,’ etc. (F. Ll. G.) GRIFFITHS, John G. ; Fellow of the Inst, of Chartered Accountants, and President of same, 1897-99. (J. G. Gr.) GRIFFITHS, Major Arthur George Frederick; H.M. Inspector of Prisons, 1878-96; formerly editor of ‘ Army and Navy Gazette’; editor of the ‘Fortnightly Review,’ 1884, the ‘World,’ 1895; author of ‘Prison Discipline’ in Ninth Edition of ‘Ency. Brit.,’ ‘Memorials of Millbank,’ ‘Secrets of the Prison House,’ ‘ Mysteries of Police and Crime.’ (A. G.) GRUEBER, H. A., F.S.A.; Assistant Keeper of Coins and Medals, British Museum ; editor of ‘ Medallic Illustrations of the History of Great Britain and Ireland,’ ‘ Roman Medallions in the British Museum,’ etc. (H. A. G.) GULLAND, George Lovell, M.A., M.D., F.R.C.P. Edin.; Fellow and late President of Royal Med. Soc., Edin. (G. L. G.) GUNTHER, Albert Charles Lewis Gotthilf, M.A., M.D., Ph.D., F.R.S.; Keeper of Zoological Department British Museum; author of ‘ Flying Fish,’ ‘ Ichthyology, ’ ‘ Lizard,’ ‘Mackerel,’ etc., in Ninth Edition of ‘Ency. Brit.,’ ‘Catalogues of Colubrine Snakes, Batrachia salientia, and Fishes in the British Museum,’ ‘Reptiles of British India,’ ‘Fishes of Zanzibar,’ ‘Reports on the “Challenger" Fishes,’ etc. (A. Gu.) H HADCOCK, A. G., late R.A.; manager of Gun Dept., Elswick; part-author ‘ Modern Artillery,’ etc. (A. G. H. HADLEY, Arthur Twining, Ph.D., LL.D.; Pres. Yale University; joint-editor of the New Volumes of the ‘Ency. Brit.’; part-author of ‘ Railway ’ in Ninth Edition of ‘ Ency. Brit.,’ author of ‘ Railroad Transportation,’ ‘ Economics,’ etc. (A. T. H. HALDANE, John Scott, M.A., M.D., F.R.S.; University Lecturer in Physiology, Oxford; Fellow New College, Oxford; Metropolitan Gas Referee, Board of Trade; author of ‘ Essays in Philosophical Criticism,’ (joint-author) ‘ Bluebook on the Causes of Death in Colliery Explosions,’ a series of papers in scientific journals and blue-books on the physiology of respiration, and on the air of the mines, dwellinghouses, etc. (J. S. H.) HALE, Rev. Edward Everett, S.T.D.; author of ‘Everett’ in Ninth Edition of ‘ Ency. Brit.,’ ‘Man without a Country,’ ‘Life of James Russell Lowell,’ etc. (E. E. H.) HALE, George E., Sc.D.; Professor of Astrophysics in the University of Chicago and Director of the Yerkes Observatory, Williams Bay, Wis. ; editor of the ‘ Astrophysical Journal.’ (G. E. H.) HALSEY, F. A.; asst.-editor of the‘American Machinist’; Member of the Am. Assoc, of Mech. Engineers, and designer of Compressed Air Machinery; author of ‘ Slide Valve Gears, ‘Locomotive Link Motion,’ ‘Premium Plan of Paying for Labour,’ etc. (F. A. H ) HAMILTON, David James, M.B. Edin., F.R.C.S. Edm.; Professor of Pathology, Aberdeen; author of ‘Text-Book of Pathology,’ etc. (D. J. H.)