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SOME CONTBIBUTOKS TO NEW VOLUMES OE ‘ENCYCLOPAEDIA BBITANNICA’ HAMILTON, Sir Edward Walter, K.C.B., K.C.V.O.; Assist. Sec. H.M. Treasury; author of ‘ National Debt,’ etc. (E. W. H*.) HAMILTON, Adml. Sir Richard Vesey, G.C.B.; served in Arctic Expedition, 1850-51, and 1852-1854 in search of Sir John Franklin ; in China, 1857, etc. (R. V. H.) HAMMOND, John Hays, A.M.; consulting engineer of the Consolidated Gold Fields of South Africa, British South Africa Company, etc. (J. H. H*.) HARMER, Sidney Frederic, D.Sc. (Camb.), B.Sc. (Bond.), F.R.S., F.Z.S., F.G.S. ; Fellow since 1886 and assistant tutor since 1890 of King’s College, Cambridge ; superintendent of University Museum of Zoology; author of papers on Zoological subjects; joint-editor of the ‘ Cambridge Natural History.’ (S. F. H.) HARMON, Hon. Judson, LL.D. ; exU.S. Attorney - General; sometime President of the Ohio Bar Association. (J. Ha.) HARMSWORTH, Alfred Charles; principal proprietor of the ‘Daily Mail,’ the ‘Evening News,’ etc. (A. 0. H*.) HARPER, William Rainey, D.D., LL.D., Ph.D. ; Pres. University of Chicago. (W. R. H.) HARRIS, Hon. Addison C., U.S. Minister to Austria; author of ‘ Indiana ’ in Ninth Edition of ‘Ency. Brit.’ (A. 0. H.) HARRIS, James Rendel, M.A., Litt.D., LL.D.; Univ. Lecturer in Palaeography, Camb., late Prof, at Johns Hopkins University ; author of ‘The Teaching of the Apostles and the Sibylline Books,’ ‘Fragments of Philo,’ ‘The Origin of the Leicester Codex,’ ‘ A Study of Codex Bezae,’ ‘ The Apology of Aristides,’ ‘ Life of Francis William Crossley ’; editor ‘The Gospel of the Twelve Apostles,’ etc. (J. R. Ha.) HARRIS, Thomas, M.D., F.R.C.P. Ed.; Hon. Physician of Manchester Royal Infirmary, and Lecturer on Diseases of the Respiratory Organs, Owens College, Manchester; author of numerous articles on diseases of the respiratory organs. (T. H) HARRISON, Charles Custis, LL.D.; Provost of the University of Pennsylvania. (0. C. H*.) HARRISON, Frederic, M.A.; President of London Positivist Committee ; Fellow and Tutor of Wadham Coll., 1854-56; Hon. Fellow, 1899 ; member of Royal Commission of Trades Unions, 1867-69; Secretary Royal Commission for Digesting the Law, 1869-70 ; Professor of Jurisprudence and International Law to Inns of Court, 1877-89 ; Rede’s Lecturer, Cambridge, 1900; Vice-President Royal Historical Soc., author of ‘Social Statics—Comte’s Positive Polity,’ ‘The Choice of Books,’ ‘Oliver Cromwell,’ ‘ Victorian Literature,’ ‘ William the Silent,’ ‘ The Millenary of King Alfred.’ (F. H*.) HART, Charles Henry, Director of the Pennsylvania Academy of Fine Arts, Philadelphia ; author of ‘ Philadelphia ’ in Ninth Edition of ‘Ency. Brit.,’ ‘Portraits of Great Americans,’ ‘Turner, the Dream Painter,’ ‘ William Morris,’ etc. (C. H. H*.) HART, Maj.-Gen. Sir Reginald Clare, R.E., K.C.B., V.C.; commanding Quetta district in India; assistant Garrison Instructor, 1874-78 ; Garrison Instructor, 1885-88 ; Director Military Education in India, 1888-96 ; Afghan War, 1879; Ashantee Expedition, 1881; Egyptian War, 1882 ; commanded 1st Brigade Tirah Campaign, 1897-98; author of ‘Reflections on the Art of War,’ ‘ Sanitation and Health.’ (R. C. H.) HASSERT, Dr K., traveller; intimately acquainted with the Balkan States and author of numerous works of travel, etc. (K H.) HASTINGS, Charles S., Ph.D.; Professor of Physics, Sheffield Scientific School, Yale University. (C. S. H.) HASTINGS. E. J., Miss; contributor to ‘The Times’ Gazetteer. (E. J. H.) HAWKINS, Charles Csesar. M.A., M.I.E.E.; author of‘The Dynamo,’and of many papers, such as ‘ Armature Reaction,' ‘ The Theory of Commutation,’ etc. (0. C. H.) HAXTON, H. R., author of ‘The Advertiser’s Manual,’ ‘An Evening -vyith “Punch,”’ etc. (H. R. H*.) HEADLAM, James Wycliffe, M.A.; late Fellow of King’s Coll., Cambridge; author of ‘Bismarck,’ etc. (J- W. He.) HEADLAM, Walter George; Fellow of King’s College, Cambridge. (W. G. H.) HEAWOOD, Edward, M.A., Librarian to R.G.S. ; aided in settlement of Santal Colony in Bengal Duars, 1890-92 ; author of ‘ Geography of Africa,’ etc. etc. (E. He.)

HEHNER, Otto ; Past President of the Society of Public Analysts ; Public Analyst for Nottinghamshire, the Isle of Wight, etc.; Chairman of the London Section of the Society of Chemical Industry, etc. ; author of works on Butteranalysis, Alcohol Tables, etc. (O. H*.) HEINEMANN, Mrs William [‘ Kassandra v rla authoress of‘Via Lucis,’ ‘The Garden ofj™ Olives,J» etc. He.) HELE-SHAW, H. S., LL.D., F.R.S., M.I.C.E., M.I.M.E., Assoc. Inst. N.A. ; Senior Whitworth Scholar, 1876; Harrison Professor of Engineering in Univ. Coll., Liverpool. (H. S. H.-S.) HELMUTH, William Tod, M.D., LL.D.; Professor of Surgery and Dean of the Homoeopathic and Medical College and Hospital, New York, and President of the Collins State Homoeopathic Hospital; sometime President of the American Institute of Homoeopathy and the New York State Homoeopathic Medical Society; author of ‘Treatise on Diphtheria,’ ‘ System of Surgery,’ etc. (W. T. H.) HEMMING, Major Edward Hughes, R.E., H.M. War Office. (E. H. H. ) HENDERSON, Col. George Frances Robert, C.B.; Director of Military Intelligence, South Africa; for many years Director of Military Art and History at the Staff College author of ‘ A Tactical Study of Fredericksburg,’ ‘ Life of Stonewall Jackson,’ etc. (G. F. R. H.) HENDERSON, T. F. ; on editorial staff of the Ninth Edition of the ‘Ency. Brit.’ (T. F. H.) HENRICI, Olaus F. M. E., Ph.D., LL.D., F.R.S.; Professor of Mechanics and Mathematics, City and Guilds of London Central Technical Coll., author of ‘ Geometry ’ (pure and projective), ‘Projection,’ in Ninth Edition of |Ency. Brit.,’ ‘Skeleton Structures, especially in their Application to the Building of Steel and Iron Bridges,’ ‘ Congruent Figures,’ etc. (O. H.) HENRY, Hon. William Wirt, M.A.; late Pres, of the Virginia Hist. Soc. and of the Am. Hist. Ass.; author and editor of the ‘ Life, Correspondence, and Speeches of Patrick Henry.’ (W. W. H*.) HENSON, Herbert Hensley, B.D.; Canon of Westminster; apthor of ‘ Light and Leaven,’ ‘Apostolic Christianity,’ editor ‘Church Problems,’ etc. (H. H. H*.) HERBERTSON, Dr A. J.j of the School of Geography, Ashmolean Buildings, Oxford. (A. J. He.) HERD MAN, William Abbott, D.Sc., F.R.S.; Prof, of Natural History, Univ. Coll. Liverpool; assist, to Sir Wyville Thomson in ‘Challenger’ Expedition office; Demonstrator of Zoology in Edinburgh, 1880; President Zoological Section Brit. Ass., 1895 ; has (along with others) established a Marine Biological Station at Port Erin, Isle of Man; author of ‘Tunicata’ in Ninth Edition of ‘Ency. Brit.,’ ‘ Report upon the Tunicata collected during the voyage of the “Challenger,”’ ‘The Fauna of Liverpool Bay,’ ‘Oysters and Disease,’ etc. (W. A. He.) HERR, E. M,, General Manager Westinghouse Air Brake Company, Pittsburg. (E. M. He.) HERVEY, Arthur; musical critic of the ‘ Morning Post ’; author of ‘ Masters of French Music,’ etc. (A. He.) HEWINS, William Albert Samuel, M.A.; Director, London School of Economics and Political Science, 1895 ; Tooke Professor of Economic Science and Statistics at King’s Coll. London, 1897; Member of the Senate of the University of London; Hon. Fellow R. Hist. Soc. ; Examiner in Political Economy in the University of London, and in the Historical Tripos, Cambridge; Lecturer at Univ. College, Bristol, 1890; author of ‘ English Trade and Finance in the 17th Century,’ etc. (W. A. S. H.) HIBBERT, Walter, A.M.I.C.E., F.I.C., F.C.S. ; Lecturer on Electro-Technology, Polytechnic, Regent Street; author of ‘ Notes on Secondary Batteries,’ etc. (W. Hr.) HIGGINSON, Col. Tbomas Wentworth, LL.D. ; author of ‘Atlantic Essays,’ ‘Cheerful Yesterdays,’ ‘ History of the United States,’ ‘Biography of Wendell Phillips,’ etc. (T. W. H.) HIGGS, HENRY, LL.B., F.S.S. ; clerk in H.M. Treasury; Sec. to the British Economic Association and joint-editor of the ‘Economic Journal’; Life Governor of University College, London; ex-Member of Council of Royal Stat. Soc. ; Pres, of sections of Political Economy and Statistics, Brit. Ass., Dover, 1899; author of ‘The Physiocrats,’ and manyarticles. (H. H*.) HILL, E. P., M.I.C.E. ; partner in Messrs. G. H. Hill and Sons, engineers to the Corporation of Manchester, etc. (E. P. H*.) |

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HILL, Leonard Erskine, M.B., F.R.S.; Lecturer on Physiology, London Hospital; Demonstrator of Physiology, Oxford University; Assistant Professor of Physiology, University College, London; Hunterian Professor Royal College of Surgeons, author of ‘ The Physiology and Pathology of the Cerebral Circulation,’ ‘Manual of Physiology.’ (L. E. H.) HILL, Maurice, B.A. ; Barrister, Inner Temple. (M. H*.) HILL, Robert Thomas, U.S. Geological Survey ; formerly Professor of Geology, University of Texas; author of ‘ Texas ’ in Ninth Edition of ‘Ency. Brit.,’ ‘Cuba, Porto Rico, and other Islands of the West Indies.’ (R. T. H.) KILLIER, Alfred Peter, M.D., B.A., C.M. ; one of the Reform Prisoners at Pretoria, 1896; author of ‘ South African Studies,’ etc. (A. P. H.) HIME, Lieut.-Col. H. W. L. ; Gold Medal Roy. Artillery Inst., and Roy. United Service Inst. ; Secretary Roy. Artillery Inst., 1880-86; author of ‘Outlines of Quaternions,’ ‘Stray Military Papers,’ ‘Lucian, the Syrian Satirist,’ etc. (H. W. L. H.) HINTON, A. Horsley, editor of ‘The Amateur Photographer ’; author of ‘ A Handbook of Illustration,’ ‘Practical Pictorial Photography,’ etc. (A. H. H.) HIPKINS. Alfred James, F.S.A.; member of Council and Hon. Curator of R. C. of Music; engaged in Messrs Broadwood’s pianoforte business since 1840 ; Member of Committee of the Inventions and Music Exhibition, 1885, of the Vienna Exhibition, 1892, and of the Paris Exhibition, 1900; author of ‘Harp,’ ‘Lyre,’ ‘Pianoforte,’ in Ninth Edition of ‘Ency. Brit.,’ ‘Musical Instruments,’ ‘A Description and History of the Pianoforte,’ etc. (A. J. H.) ‘HOBBES, J ohm Oliver ’ (Pearl Mary Teresa Craigie); author of ‘ Some Emotions and a Moral,’ ‘ A Study in Temptations,’ ‘ The Gods, Some Mortals, and Lord Wickenham,’ ‘School for Saints,’ ‘ Robert Orange,’ ‘ The Serious Wooing,’ ‘The Ambassador,’ ‘The Wisdom of the Wise,’ etc. (P. M. T. C.) HOBSON, Ernest W., D.Sc., F.R.S.; Fellow of Christ’s Coll. Cambridge; University Lecturer in Mathematics. (E. W. H.) HODGE, Frederick Webb, Bureau of American Ethnology, Smithsonian Institution ; managing editor ‘American Anthropologist,.’ (F. W. H.) HODGKINSON, W. R. E., F.R.S. Edin., F.C.S., F.R.G.S., Ph.D. Wurzburg; Professor of Chemistry and Physics, Ordnance Coll., Woolwich; late Professor of Chemistry and Physics, R.M.A., Woolwich ; edited Valentine’s ‘Practical Chemistry,’ etc. (W. R. E. H.) HOFFER, Leopold; chess editor of the ‘Standard’ {London); author of ‘Chess,’ etc. (L. H.) HOF MAN, Heinrich O., E.M., Ph.D.; Professor of Metallurgy, Massachusetts Institute of Technology. (H. O. H.) HOGARTH, David George, M.A., Fellow of Magdalen College, Oxford; explored Asia Minor, 1887, 1890, 1891, 1894; excavated at Paphos in Cyprus, 1888; appointed by Egypt Exploration Fund, 1893 ; Special Correspondent for ‘ The Times ’ in Crete and Thessaly, 1897; Director, British School at Athens, 1897-1900; Director, Cretan Exploration Fund, 1899 ; author of ‘A Wandering Scholar in the Levant,’ ‘Philip and Alexander of Macedon,’ ‘The Nearer East,’ etc. (D. G. H.) HOLDEN, Prof. Edward Singleton, Sc.D., LL.D.; Director of the Lick Observatory, 1887-97; Member National Academy of Sciences ; Associate Royal Astronomical Society of London, Astronomical Society of France, etc.; author of ‘Astronomy for Students,’ ‘Life of Sir Wm. Herschel,’ ‘Nebula of Orion,’ etc. (E. S. H.) HOLDICH, Col. Sir Thomas Hungerford, R.E. (retired), K.C.I.E., C.B.; Abyssinia, 1867 ; Afghan War, 1878-80; also served on political duty with Afghan Boundary Commission, 1884-86; Supt. Frontier Surveys, India, 1892-98; Asmar Boundary Commission, 1894; Pamir Commission, 1895; as H.M. Commissioner for Perso-Beluch Boundary in 1896; author of ‘ Kandahar,’ in Ninth Edition of ‘ Ency. Brit.,’ ‘The Indian Borderland,’ various papers on military surveying, etc. (T. H. H*.) HOLLAND, Hon. Sydney, LL.D.; President of the Life Saving Society of England ; Chairman of the London Hospital; Knight of Grace of the Order of St John of Jerusalem. (S. H*.) HOLLINGSHEAD, John, staff of ‘Household Words,’ under Charles Dickens ; staff of Cornhill Magazine, under W. M. Thackeray,