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SOME CONTRIBUTORS TO NEW VOLUMES OF ‘ ENCYCLOPAEDIA BRITANNICA ’ MARZIALS, Frank Thomas ; AccountantGeneral of the Army since 1898; entered War Office during Crimean war ; author of ‘ Lives of Dickens and Victor Hugo,’ collaborating also in the ‘Life of Thackeray,’ ‘Life of Gambetta,’ etc. (F. T. M.) MASKEIiYNE, J. Nevil; of the Egyptian Hall, London ; author of ‘Sharps and Flats.’ (J. N. M.) MASON, Otis Tufton, A.M., Ph.D.; Curator Ethnology, U.S. Nat. Museum, Washington; author of ‘The Hupa Indians,* ‘Woman’s Share in Primitive Culture,’ ‘Cradles of the North American Indians,’ ‘ The Antiquities of Guadeloupe,’ etc. (O. T. M.) MATHEWS, George Ballard, M.A., F.R.S.; late Professor of Mathematics, University Coll, of Wales; formerly Fellow of St John’s Coll., Cambridge ; author of ‘A Treatise on Bessel Functions’ (part), ‘Theory of Numbers,’ etc. (G. B. M.) MATTHEWS, Brander, LL.B., D.C.L., A.M. ; Professor of English, Columbia University ; author of ‘ French Dramatists of the Nineteenth Century,’ ‘ Introduction to the Study of American Literature,’ ‘Aspects of Fiction and Other Ventures in Criticism,’ etc. (B. M.) MATTHEWS, George Edward, A.B.; editor of ‘The Buffalo Express,’ Buffalo, N.Y. (G-. E. M.) MAURICE, Maj.-Gen. Sir John Frederick, K.C.B.; commanded Woolwich District, 1895-1901; Ashanti Campaign, 1873-74; South Africa, 1879; Zulu Campaign, 1880; Egyptian Expedition, 1882; Intelligence Dept. War Office; Sudan, 1884 ; A.Q.M.G.; Nile, 1885 ; Professor of Military History, Staff College, Aldershot, 1892-93; commanding R.A., Colchester, 189395; Maj.-Gen., Dec. 1895; author of ‘ War,’ in Ninth Edition of ‘ Ency. Brit.,’ ‘Life of Frederick Denison Maurice, ’ ‘ Hostilities without Declaration of War,’ ‘ Balance of Military Power in Europe,’ ‘ War,’ ‘ National Defences.’ (J. F. M*.) MAUS, Octave j editor of ‘L’Art Moderne,’ Brussels. (0. M'.) MAXWELL, William H., A.M.I.C.E.; Borough and Waterworks Engineer, Tunbridge Wells Corporation ; author of ‘ The Removal and Disposal of Town Refuse,’ ‘ Destructors and Steam Production,’ etc. (W. H. Ma.) MAYO-SMITH, Richmond, Ph.D., the late ; Professor of Political Economy, Columbia University, New York; author of ‘Emigration and Immigration,’ ‘Sociology and Statistics,’ etc. (R. M.-S.) MEAD, Hon. Elwood : in charge of Irrigation Investigations, U.S. Department of Agriculture. (E. M*.) M E A K I N , Budgett, author of ‘ The Moorish Empire,’ etc. (B. M*.) MEISSAS, Gaston; memb. Societe de Geographie; author of ‘Marseilles,’ and (part) of ‘Paris,’ in the Ninth Edition of the ‘Ency. Brit.,’ ‘Grands Voyageurs de notre Siecle,’ etc. (G. Me.) MERCATELLI, Luigi, late war correspondent in Abyssinia of ‘ La Tribuna.’ (L. Me.) MERRIFIELD, Webster, LL.D.; President and Professor of Political Economy, State University of North Dakota. (W. Ms.) MERRILL, Hon. Frederick James Hamilton, Ph.D.; Director of N.Y. State Museum, Albany, N.Y., N.Y. State Geologist; Fellow Am. Ass. Adv. Science and Geol. Soc. of America; Member Am. Inst. Mining Engineers, Am. Soc. of Naturalists, Nat. Geol. Soc., etc. (F. J. H. M.) MIDDLETON, R. E., M.I.C.E., M.I.M.E. ; Fellow of the Sanitary Inst., Fellow of Surveyors’ Inst., etc.; late Engineer-in-Charge of Surveying of Forth Bridge ; Instructor in Surveying, Central Tech. Coll., S. Kensington; Lecturer on Waterworks, Engineering and Sewage, Univ. Coll., London; part author of ‘A Treatise on Surveying,’ etc. (R. E. M.) MIJATOVICH, Chedomille; Senator of the kingdom of Servia since 1875; Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary of the King of Servia to the Court of St James, 1895-1900 ; transferred to Constantinople, 1900 ; Minister of Finance and Commerce of Servia, 1873 ; Minister of Foreign Affairs and Finance, 1880; Servian Minister to the Court of St James, 1884; Servian Plenipotentiary for the conclusion of peace with Bulgaria, 1886; Member of Royal Servian Academy of Science; corresponding member of South Slavonic Academy; hon. member of Royal Hist. Soc. London; author of several publications in Servian on Political Economy, Finances, History of Commerce, and History of Servia in Fifteenth Century; novels—‘ Rayko of Ras-

sina,’ ‘Ikoniya, the Mother of the Vezier,’ etc., ‘ Constantine the last Emperor of the Greeks,’ ‘Ancestors of the House of Orange.’ (C. Mi.) miijij, tiugb Robert, D.Sc. (Edin.), LL.D. (St Andrews), F.R.S.G.S., F.R.G.S., F.R.Met.Soc.; Director of British Rainfall Organization, and editor of ‘Symons’ Meteorological Magazine’ since 1901; Hon. Corresponding Member of the Geographical Societies of Paris, Berlin, Amsterdam, Budapest, Brisbane, and Philadelphia; Recorder of Section E, British Association, 1893-99 ; President, Section E, 1901; British Delegate to International Conference on the Exploration of the Sea, at Christiania, 1901; author of ‘ Rainband,’ ‘ Rain-gauge,’ ‘ Thermometer,’ ‘ Whirlpool,’ in Ninth Edition of ‘ Ency. Brit.,’ ‘Realm of Nature,’ ‘The Clyde Sea Area,’ ‘The English Lakes,’ ‘Hints on the Choice of Geographical Books,’ ‘New Lands,’ ‘The International Geography,’ etc. (H. R. M.) MILLINGEN, Alexander Van, M.A.; Robert College, Constantinople; author of ‘ Byzantine Constantinople,’ etc. (A. van M.) MILMAN, Sir Archibald Jobn Scott, K.C.B., the late; Clerk of the House of Commons 1900, retired 1902; entered service of House of Commons in 1857 ; promoted Second Clerk Assistant, 1870; Clerk Assistant, 1886-1900. (A. J. S. M.) MILNE, John, F.R.S., F.G.S.; twenty years employed by Japanese Govt, as geologist and mining engineer; established the Seismic Survey of Japan; designer of seismographs and instruments to record vibrations on railways, etc.; author of ‘Earthquakes,’ ‘Seismology,’ ‘Crystallography,’ etc. (J. Mi.) MILTON, James Tayler, M.I.C.E.; Chief Engineer Surveyor, Lloyd’s Register of Ship, ping; Member of Inst, of Naval Architects and of the Iron and Steel Inst., etc. (J. T. Mi.) MINCHIN, E. A., M.A., F.Z.S.; Jodrell Professor of Zoology and Comparative Anatomy, Univ. Coll., London; late Fellow of Merton Coll., Oxford; late Lecturer Comp. Anatomy, Oxford; late Lecturer in Biology, Guy’s Hospital ; author of ‘ Sponges,’ eta (E. A. M.) MITCHELL, Hugh; of Gibraltar; Barristerat-Law, Inner Temple. (H. M*.) MITCHELL, Peter Chalmers, D.Sc., M.A., F.Z.S. ; Lecturer on Biology at the London Hospital Medical College ; University Demonstrator in Comparative Anatomy, and assistant to Linacre Professor at Oxford, 188891; Lecturer on Biology at Charing Cross Hospital, 1892-94; at London Hospital, 1894; examiner in Biology to the R.C.P. 1892-96; author of ‘Outlines of Biology,’ ‘The Biological Problem of To-day ’ (translated), ‘ Thomas Henry Huxley,’ etc. (P. C. M.) MONCKTON, Lionel; composer, and musical critic to the ‘ Daily Telegraph.’ (L. M.) MONKIIOUSE, William Cosmo, the late Assistant Secretary (Finance) Board of Trade ; served on several Departmental Committees and Committee on the Mercantile Marine Fund, 1894-96; author of ‘The Christ upon the Hill,’ ‘A Question of Honour,’ ‘The Earlier English Water-Colour Painters,’ ‘ The Italian Pre - Raphaelites,’ ‘ British Contemporary Artists,’ etc. (C. Mo.) MONTAGU, Sir Samuel; head of the banking firm of Samuel Montagu and Co., London; member of Gold and Silver Commission, 1887-90; author of magazine articles on Finance, Decimal Currency, Weights and Measures, etc. (S. M.) MOORE, Hon. John Bassett, LL.D.; Professor International Law and Diplomacy, Columbia University, New York ; author ‘ Extradition and Inter-State Rendition,’ ‘ International Arbitrations,’ etc. (J. B. M*.) MORENO, Dr Francesco P. ; donor and director of the La Plata Museum, Buenos Aires ; repr. in Great Britain of the Argentine in connexion with Chilian Argentine Boundary Dispute ; author of ‘La Plata,’ etc. (F. P. M.) MORFILL, William Richard, M.A.; Professor of Russian and the other Slavonic languages, Oxford ; Curator of the Taylor Institution, Oxford; author of ‘ Russia ’ (History and Literature) in Ninth Edition of ‘ Ency. Brit.’ (W. R. M.) MORSE, John Torrey, Jr.; sometime Lecturer on History, Harvard University ; author of biographies of Alexander Hamilton, Abraham Lincoln, John Quincy Adams, Thomas Jefferson, etc., and of ‘ The Life and Letters of Oliver Wendell Holmes.’ (J. T. Mo.) MORTON, Hon. Julius Sterling (the late); sometime U.S. Secretary of Agriculture and President of Nebraska State Historical Society. (J. S. M'.)

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MOSCA, Gaetano; Professor of Constitutional Law, Turin, Italy. (G. Mo.) MOSCHINI, V. ; Mayor of Padua. (V. Mo.) MOTT. Frederick Walker, M.D., B.S. Lond., F.R.C.P., F.R.S.; Physician to OutPatients, Charing Cross Hospital; Pathologist to the London County Asylums ; Croonian Lecturer, Royal College of Physicians, 1900. (F. W. Mo.) MUIR. John, A.M., LL.D.; U.S. Explorer and Naturalist; discoverer of the Muir glacier, Alaska; author of ‘ The Mountains of California ’ and of numerous articles on the natural history of the Pacific Coast, Alaska, etc.; Editor ‘ Picturesque California.’ (J. Mu*.) MUIR, Robert, M.A., M.D., C.M.; Professor of Pathology, University of Glasgow; Examiner in Pathology, Oxford ; senior assistant to the Prof, of Pathology, Edinburgh, and Pathologist to Edinburgh Royal Infirmary, 1892 ; Lecturer on Pathological Bacteriology, Edinburgh, 1894; Professor of Pathology, St Andrews, 1898-99; author of ‘ Manual of Bacteriology ’ (with Dr J. Ritchie), ‘Scientific Papers,’ etc. (R. Mu*.) MUNRO, Wilfred H.: A.M., Professor of European History, Brown University, R-I. (W. H. Mu.) MURPHY, Shirley Forster, M.D., M.R.C.S.; Medical Officer of Health, Administrative County of London; Corresp. Mem. Soc. Sweden, and of Roy. Soc. Hygiene, Italy; author of ‘ Infectious Disease and its Prevention,’ editor of ‘Our Homes and How to make them Healthy,’ etc. (S. F. M.) MURRAY, Sir George Herbert, K.C.B.; Secretary to the Post Office since 1899 ; entered Foreign Office, 1873 ; transferred to Treasury, 1880; private secretary to Mr Gladstone and Earl of Rosebery when Prime Minister; Chairman Board of Inland Revenue, 189799. (G. H. M.) MUTHER, Dr Richard, Professor of Art History, University of Breslau; author of ‘ The History of Modem Painting,’ ‘ The Oldest German Picture Bibles,’ ‘ Gothic and Early Renaissance Illustrations of German Books,’ ‘ A Century of French Painting,’ etc. (R. Mr.) MYRES, J. L.; Student and tutor of Christ Church, Oxford; author of ‘ A Catalogue of the Cyprus Museum.’ (J. L. M.) N NAIRNE? Rev. Alexander, M.A.; Professor of Hebrew and Old Testament Exegesis in King’s Coll., Lond. ; Fellow of Jesus Coll., Cambridge, 1887-93 ; Vice-Principal of Clergy Training School, 1887-89. (A. N*.) NANSEN, Fridtjof, D.Sc., LL.D., D.C.L., Ph.D.; went to Greenland Sea, 1882; curator in Natural History Museum, Bergen; went across Greenland, 1888-89 ; curator Museum of Comparative Anatomy, Christiania University ; made his North Pole Expedition, in which he reached the highest latitude until then attained (86 deg. 175 m.), 1893-96; Prof, of Zoology, Christiania University; author of ‘ Across Greenland,’ ‘Eskimo Life,’ ‘Farthest North,’ ‘The Norwegian North Polar Expedition,’ ‘ Scientific Results,’ etc. (F. N.) NASH, James Okey, M.A., of the Community of the Resurrection. (J. O. N.) NATHAN, Major F. L., R.A. ; Superintendent of the Royal Gunpowder Factory, Waltham Abbey. (F. L. N.) NATHAN, Major Matthew, C.M.G., R.E. ; Governor of Gold Coast; served in Nile Expedition, 1885 ; Lushai Expedition, 1889 ; Sec. Col. Defence Com. 1895-1900; administered Government Sierra Leone, 1899. (M. N.) NELSON, William Rockhill, Editor-inChief of the ‘Kansas City Star,’ Kansas City, Mo. (W. R. N.) NEWCOMB, Prof. Simon, Ph D., LL.D., D.Sc., D.Nat.Phil.; Superintendent U.S. Nautical Almanac; Foreign Mem. Royal Society, London; Assoc. Institute of France, etc. ; author of ‘Moon’ in Ninth Edition of ‘Ency. Brit.,’ ‘Popular Astronomy,’ etc.; editor of ‘American Journal of Mathematics.’ (S. N.) NEWELL. Frederick Haynes; Hydrographer of the U.S. Geol. Survey; author of ‘Agriculture by Irrigation,’ ‘Hydrography of the United States,’ etc. (F. H. N.) NEWSOM, George Ernest, M.A.; VicePrincipal of King’s College, London. (G. E. N.) NEWTON, Henry G., M.A., LL.B.; Referee in Bankruptcy, New Haven, Conn. (H. G. N.) NISBET, C. (C. N.)