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ALLIES 324 ALLIES Fripp, daughter of a Bristol merchant. The first act of fatlier and mother after the birth was to thank God for their little son. The Rev. Thomas Allies married again, his second wife being Caroline Hill- house, who took little "Tom" to her heart and loved him as one of her own children. He received his first lessons at the Bristol Grammar School and began there his early triumphs. Among his papers is recorded: "A Prize Essay, given by Sir John Cox Hippesley, Baronet, to Thomas William Allies, aged 12 years, and by him delivered before the Mayor and Corporation of Bristol, September 2Sth, 1825." In 1827, at his own request, he went to Eton, though in after years he used to regret his early advent at that famous school. He was possibly too young to cope with his contemporaries, but at no period of his life could his mind have been young. There is a certain maturity about even his youthful poetry. At Eton he was in the house of the Rev. Edward Coleridge, who always remained his devoted friend. From Eton he passed to Oxford, taking his M.A. degree in 1832. Wadhani was his college. His classical mind learnt classical speech at Eton and Oxford, for no writing of English or of any other spoken tongue can be acquired without a deep study of the ancients. Mr. AUies's Latin prose has proba- bly not been surpassed. He was not called upon to write Greek in the same way, but he feasted upon the Greek mind in its purest ideals. Pythagoras, he said, was the greatest of the Greek philosophers. Of modern languages he knew Italian in his youth as well as English; German, and French well, and he was thoroughly conversant with the literature of the three languages. He took Anglican orders in 1838, and began his Anglican career as Examining Chap- lain to the Bishop of London, Dr. Blomfield, a post exactly suited to his taste, bringing him in contact with many minds. In those days, however, it was premature to have Church principles. The out- spoken expression of them on AUies's part led him to a country preferment, and so, indirectly, to the Catholic Church. In 1840 he married the beautiful Eliza Hall Newman, daughter of an Essex squire, who offered a complete contrast to himself. She had her father's tastes for horses and dogs, none for books. With the wife of his choice he retired to his Oxford parsonage, a capital living of £600 which Dr. Blomfield gave to him in fear of his Church principles. The real work of his life began in the quiet country. He bought the Fathers of the Church, both Greek and Latin, and began to study theology for himself, as he had not studied it on the I'niversity benches. The Fathers, especially St. Augustine, revealed to him the Catholic Church. Moreover, they revealed him to himself, and when he now set pen to paper it was to write prose. He thouglit to find , glicanism in the Fathers, and his first book is the result of this delusion. It was entitled "The Church of England Cleared from the Charge of Schism ", published in 1846, a second and enlarged edition appearing in 1848. It gives the key-note of his lifelong labour and the whole ques- tion between Anglican and Catholic in a niitshell. As he perceived early in the day, the choice of the Royal Supremacy or Peter's Primacy constitutes the kernel of the entire controversy. In the endeavour to clear the Church of England from the charge of schism, he saw the faint glimmer- ing of dawn leading to perfect day. In 1849 he pub- lished his "Journal in France ", which went so far as to say that for the Chvirch of England to be re- united to Rome would be an " incalculable blessing ". Newman had left the Church of England in 184.'3, yrt Allies plodded on without his "polar star". Tint public.'ition of the "Journal" caused a storm to burst over his head. The Bishop of Oxford, Dr. Wilberforce, called him to account sharply for the logical expression of his church principles. He has told the story of the struggle in his "Life's Decision." He broke with his Anglican career on the day of his conversion, for on that day, 11 Sep- tember, 1850, he most certainly " to be an abject in Ciod's House rather than dwell in the tents of sinners." He renounced his living, his occupa- tion, his prospects, and, with a wife and three sons, faced the world without friends or resources. His sole riches lay in himself. Over and above his faith, he had his mind, which he dedicated to the cause of Catholic truth as soon as lie liad resolved the problem of how to live. The Hierarchy was re- established in England in 1850, and at that time, and during many subsequent years, there was no Catholic position in England. A man of letters and of mind was lost in a body which scarcely knew how to read and WTite. Mr. Allies took pupils at first and tried to utilize his splendid scholarship. Then, in 1853, he was nominated Secretary to the Poor School Committee, a board composed of priests and laymen, instituted in 1S47 by the Bishops of England to repre- sent the interests of Catholic Primary Education. About the same time he was appointed Ltoturer on History to the Catholic University of Ireland. These two events made his career as a Catholic. He distin- guished himself greatly in the cause of education, particularly by furthering the work of Training Colleges and the system of religious inspection of primary schools. He was instrumental in setting up the Training College for Women at Liverpool, which has done magnificent work. Greater, even, was the distinction he won by the work which the scheme for a Catholic University in Ireland led him to compose. The idea fell through, but the lectures lived, and live on in "The Formation of Christen- dom ", of which Cardinal Vaughan said, "It is one of the noblest historical works I have ever read." The Poor School Committee and "The Formation of Christendom" ran on parallel lines in his life, each representing a period of some thirty odd years. Beginning in 1853, his connexion with the Poor School Committee ended in 1890, when he retired on his full pension of £400. The opus magnum similarly ran over a lifetime, from 1861 to 1895, when the closing vohmie on "The Monastic Life ' appeared. The friends of his mind were numerous and largely represented by the Oxford Movement, of which he was the last survivor. In 1885 Pope Leo XIII created him a Knight Commander of St. Gregory, and in 1893 conferred upon him the signal favour of the gold medal for merit. He expressed his gratitude to the Pope in a letter composed in Ciceronian Latin. "Liceat ergo niihi ", he wrote, "pro summo vita; premio usque ad extremmn halitum Verbum Tuum donumque gremio amplecti." His great achievements were the books he wrote, for they were an alms to God of his whole being as well as of his substance. He outlived all his con- temporaries. A biography of his inner mind from the pen of Mary H. Allies is in course of preparation. The following is a complete list of his works both before and after his conversion: — Sermons. 1 vol. (1844^; The Church of England Cleared from the Charge of Schism (1840); Journal in France (1849); The See of St. Peter, the Rock of the Church, the Source of Ju- risdiction and the Centre of Unity (1850); Si. Peter. His Name and His OtT^ce (1852); The Formation of Christendom. 8 vols. (1801-95), .showing tlip pliilosc.pliy of histor.v from the foundation of tho ('lunch up td Chiir'temnKne. Some of theiie volumes have su!>-tith>s. wliit-li it h;is been found well to re- tain. Thus, The ChnHliiiii Fiiilh ,ind Society (vol. 11); The Christian Church and the Greek Phihaophif (vol. Ill); Church and SlaU (vol. IV); The Throne of the Fisherman (vol. V); The Holy See and the Wandering of the Nations (vol. VI); Peter's Rock and Mohammed's Flood (vol. VII); The Monastic Life (vol. VIII). Kach volume is complete in it.self. A Life's Decision.'s Apologia pro Vitfl Suft, was published in 1880, and has taken a high place in EnRlish (Catholic litera- ture. Two volumes pntitle<l Per Crucem ad Lucem appeared ill 1879. They contained, besides the Treatises on St. Pete;