Page:Catholic Encyclopedia, volume 1.djvu/382

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342

ALSACE 342 ALSACE Alsace belonged to the liioeese of Speier, certain villages in the west to that of Metz, most of Upper Alsace to Basel, and the neighbourhood of Belfort to the Archdiocese of Besani^on. The Diocese of Strasburg embraced the rest of Alsace, but extended to the right bank of the Rhine, including outside of Alsace the deaneries of Lahr, or Ettenheim, Uffenburg, and Ottersweier. The Diocese of Metz included dis- tricts now belonging to German and French Lorraine, to the Grand Duchies of Luxemburg and Hesse, to the Bavarian Palatinate, and to Lower Alsace. After the Revolution the provisions of the Concordat as- signed the whole district between the Queich and Lake Biehler, with the Departments of Bas-Rhin, Haut-Rhin and the greater part of Mont Terrible (Pruntrut) to the Diocese of Strasburg, and those of Moselle, Forets, and Ardennes to the Diocese of Metz. During the nineteenth century great changes were brought about in the boundaries of both dioceses by- agreement arrived at between the civil and ecclesias- tical authorities. The civil districts of Upper and Lower .lsace have belonged to the Diocese of Stras- burg since 1S74, and that of Lorraine to Metz. Popi'LATiON. — The census of 1 December, 1900, distributes the population as in the following table, in which (A) represents Catholics; (B), Protestants; (C), Dissidents; (D), Jews; (E), persons of unknown religion; — (A) (B) (C) (D) (E) (Total) ^dTtcmI 821,612 304,204 3,192 25,414 319 1,154,741 D^MMe 4SS,S38 67,874 1,224 6,850 43 564,829 These figures, however, do not include the 34,367 soldiers in the Diocese of Strasburg, and the 44,491 in the Diocese of Metz, who are under the jurisdic- tion of the Army Bishop in Berlin. Cathedral Chapters. — There is a Cathedral chap- ter in each of these two dioceses, which consists in Strasburg of nine, and in Metz of eight actual irre- movable canons (canonici titulares), w^hose appoint- ment i.iust be confirmed by the State. Several bishops of other dioceses, moreover, nominated by the Bishops of Metz and Strasburg alone, belong to the chapters as canonici honoris causd, as well as certain canonici honorarii living in the dioceses, thirty-eight in Strasburg at the present time, and twenty-one in Metz. Four priests, also, not belong- ing to the diocese, but who have been of service to it, have been made honorary canons by the Bishop of Strasburg. Diocesan .Administration. — In the administra- tion of the respective dioce-ses the bi.shops are assisted by three vicars-general in that of Strasburg, and by two in that of Metz (who can only be appointed with the consent of the civil avithorities), and by seven secretaries in the former diocese and three in the latter. Parishes. — The parishes of Alsace-Lorraine, since the Concordat of 1801, have been divided into two cla-sses: regular parishes, whose incumbents must receive the approval of the Government, and are irremovable; and subordinate parishes, whose in- cumbents are appointed by the bishop only, and may V)e removed by him. The regular parishes, again, fall into two classes, according to their respective im|)ortance and revenues. In the T:)iocese of Stras- burg there are thirty-eight parishes of the first, and thirty-four of the second class. In Metz there are sixteen of the first and thirty-nine of the second da-Hs. There are 617 subordinate pari.shes in the Diocese of Strasburg, and .'>1,S in the Diocese of Metz. In many parishes the t>riests are assisted by curates, who, almost without exception, live in the presbytery, the cost being paid to the parish priest by the parish. The curates tliemselves are paid either by the State, ^6 are 221 in the Diocese of Strasburg "and 1 IS in the Diocese of Metz, or by towns and church-cor- porations (Kirchenjnbrikcn), 73 in the former diocese and 31 in the latter. .Six holders of curacies in Stras- burg, and three in Metz have houses of their own, and enjoy all the rights of parish priests, with the title of resident vicars. On 1 January, 1906, there were in the Diocese of Strasburg, besides the Bishop of Strasburg, the titular 15ishop of Paphos (former Coadjutor of Strasburg), the present Coadjutor (titular Bishop of Erythrsea), 1,245 priests, all but eleven of whom were born in the diocese; in the Dioce-se of Metz, besides the bishop, 809 priests, 793 of whom were born in the diocese, and 76 else- where. Stipends. — The State pays the Bishops of Stras- burg and Metz St,000 (16,000 marks) each; the Co- adjutor of Strasburg $2,000 (8,000 marks) ; the vicars- general $900 (3,600 marks), and the canons S700 (2,800 marks). As the Coadjutor Bishop of Stras- burg, however, merely holds the office of vicar- general as subsidiary to his other functions, he re- ceives only .$500 (2,000 marks) in that capacity. The president of the Directory of the Church of the Augsburg Confession is paid SI, 600 (6,400 marks) as stipend, and $400 (1 ,600 marks) for his expenses as representative; a clerical member $240 (960 marks); and each of the lay members $400 (1,600 marks). The Chief Rabbi in Strasburg receives $1,000 (4,000 marks) as salary, and $300 (1,200 marks) for expenses as representative; each of the other chief rabbis $1,000 (4,000 marks). The State pays Catholic parish priests on the following scale (see classification of parishes given above); — I class II Sub-parishes S S312 To the age of 35 % From 35 to 50 To the age of 50 500 425 From 50 to 60 525 450 550 475 From 60 to 70 Over 70 575 500 362 400 425 Curates paid by the State receive .$150 (600 marks). The State pays, besides, $4,650 (18,600 marks) for expenses of maintenance of the episcopal secretaries in Strasburg and Metz; $1,650 (6,600 marks) in each diocese for the music and choir of the cathedral; $500 (2,000 marks) for the expenses of confirmation and visitation journeys; $750 (3,000 marks) to the Coadjutor Bishop of Strasburg for living expenses; $18,750 (79,000 marks) as pensions for retirement and for maintenance of a retired coadjutor; $15,000 (60,000 marks) as extra assistance to clergymen and their relatives; $6,500 (26,500 marks) as pay for students in the clerical seminaries of Strasburg and Metz; $4,500 (18,000 marks) as pay for students in the universities, as well as assistance to home mission- schools; $31,250 (125,000 marks) in aid of cluirch- and presbytery-building, the furnishing and adorning of churches, and the like material outlay for the sui> port of Catholic worship. The Government pays .$660,000 (2,636,370 marks) yearly as a regular con- tribution to Catholic worship, $218,750 (874,969 marks) to the Protestants, and $43,790 (175,170 marks) to the Jews. The Protestant pastors draw from the State treasury: — - Up to six years' service $500 500-^-from special church tax, Over C 5604-$ 50 ■■ 12 600-1- 100 " 18 650-1- 150 " 24 725-1- 175 " 30 800-1- 200 The Rabbi in Millhausen receives «600 (2,400 marks), and the other rabbis: —