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10; homes for aged poor 4, inmates 740; Catholic the confederated states of the German Empire. The

population 821,337. census of 1910 enumerated 494,339 inhabitants, of

During the World War Brooklyn served whom 464,175 were Lutherans, 25,88S were Catholics,

as an important naval base, and within the dioc- and 1,757 were Jews. The area is 1,418 sq. miles,

esan linuts two important camps were located, and according to the census of 8 October, 1919, the

Camp Upton at Yaphank, and Camp Mills at population was 480,599 (338 inhabitants to the sq.

Garden City, Long Island. The latter was used as .mile). The government of Brunswick was a con-

the aviation center for this section of the country, stitutional monarchy hereditary in the male line of

and the army supply station was also located withm the House of Brunswick-LUneburg. On 8 Novem-

this territoiy. These various activities afforded ber, 1918, the Duke of Brunswick was deposed and

added opportunities for the zeal of the bishop and the duchy proclaimed a republic. The government

clergy, who took an active part in all patriotic was takeh over by the Council of People's Com-

endeavors. missioners. The present Constitution bears the date

Brownsville. Vicariate Apostolic of. See Corpus 27 February, 1919 and the present Diet, elected 17 r^cTOTaTT nT/tr«ci« fti? May, 1920, consists of 60 men, elected for four years.

CHRisTi, uiocESE OF. rj.^^ Cabinet consists of 6 members. See Germany.

Bmges. Diocese OF (Brugensis; cf.C.E., III-5b), i.^„„^i« , e r* r? ttt oiu\ t-» • *u w u

suffragan of Malines, contains the province of West J^"^^ ^?/- C.EIII-21b). -During the World

Flanders in Belgium. The territory of the diocese War the city of Brussels was under German

was occupied by the Germans from 1914-1918, and <ionainion. On 19 August, 1914, the burgomaster

the section near the French border was the scene ^^""^ * warning to the effect that the German

of severe and continued fighting. *rmy was at the walls of the city. The Govern-

The episcopal seat is the city of Bruges, and the ^^^^ ^^^^^ J* necessary to remove its offices to present Ibishop is Rt. Rev. Gustave^bseph Waf- A^^J^P' ,?^1,^^/ Cmo Guard of the city dis- fdaert, bom at Rolleghem in the Diocese of Bruges S?^^5?- 9p 20 August the German army arnved. 27 August, 1847, priest in June, 1870, elected 28 f^^ *^^« ^^M^^ soldiers passed m thousands to June, 1895, consecrated at Bruges 25 July follow- **f 8^?^® ?/ a^}% ^. ^A" u '^f^**^^ ^^ IS® ing. On 10 August, 1920, Bishop Waffelaert cele- ""'^y* ^^f^^ '^}^ >? the barracks and m the b«ted the golden jubilee of his. priesthood and ?"P^^t ^*\^ °^ ^^'f who»B halls were turned his silver jibilee is bishop in the presence of ^^^^ ^l^^f ^?oSS.£5? guard houses The city Cardinal Mercier, four Belgian bisfiops, three ^^ asked for £8,000,000 as ite "war contribution"; mitered abbots, two ministers of State, andcivil and ^^^ inhabitants were forced to give up their fire- military authorities. After the ceremony in the K°^» and all Belman newspapers were suppreaed. cathedral of St. Saviour the cardinal placed the P^^? *^s period the Germans had definite plans pallium, a reward of the Supreme Pontiff's, on the ^Z * ® ^^^^. ^^^ ^^^^^, 9^ Flanders, one of venerable bishop. On this occasion he was also ^^^ <^^,9 subdivisions of Belgium. The German named an officer of the Order of Leopold by the occupation of the city ceased m , October, 1918, Kins of the Belgians when the great allied advance was in progress. In

The diocese of Bruges, like the rest of Belgium. ]^ ^^,}^^i^t^ International Financial Con- was overrun by German soldiers and officials, but Terence, to which nearly all the nations sent a a amaU portion of the diocese remained unviolated representative to discuss the world s monetary prob-

by the enemy, the only spot in Belgium not takea '^^^^'^^ J?^?™^^ t ^^J^^• >.o • u

by the German armies. This line fr5m Nieuport to . R^igioub Lira!.-In 1921 there were 49 panshes

Dixmude to Ypres to the French border was never i° ***? 9*^^ ^^^ suburbs, and m the city proper

passed, and throughout the war was the scene of ^ P"^^- ^he religious houses of women num-

terrific fighting, the three towns mentioned, with ^^'^^ ^^^ ^^•

their churches, colleges, and convents, were de- Bndejovlce (Bohemian, Budweis; cf. C. E.,

stroyed, but the little Belgian army, later reinforced III-34d), Diocese op (Bohbmo-Budivibnsis) .— By

by British and French troops, remained on the Yser the provisions of the papal Bull of 20 September,

and fou^t on PTanders fields until the armistice. 1785, the civil districts of Budweis, Tabor, Prachen

The diocese is divided into 15 deaneries, 36 and Klattau were separated from the Archdiocese

parishes and 293 sub-parishes, 301 of which are of Prague and erected into the new Diocese of

partially supported by the State. Of the 845,732 Budweis (Czech, Budejovice). inhabitants 764379 are Catholics. The diocesan Upon the death of the former bishop, Joseph A.

seminary at Bruges has more than a hundred stu- Hulka (16 December, 1907-10 February, 1920), the

dents advanced from the preparatory seminaiy at affairs of the diocese were administered by Joseph

Roulers. For the purpose of general education Brenner in the capacity of vicar capitular. He was

there is an episcopal college at Bruges, and seven relieved by Simon Barta, formerly professor of

other colleges at large centers of the dioceses. The Christian Doctrine in the Bohemian gymnasium at

colleges at Ypres, Dixmunde, and Nieuport, which Budweis, who, on 16 December, 1920, was officially

were dire«tly on the fighting lines where the Ger- appointed the new bishop of the diocese. In 1913

man advance was halted, have been discontinued, a fourth diocesan synod was held. For techniaJ education there is the Institute Saint- According to the organization of 1857 the diocese

Leon at Bnig^, and four other normal schools is divided into the vicariate general of Budejovice,

throughout the diocese. Many religious ordera, both on which depend the archdeaconry of Krumau: the

male and female, have houses m the diocese, besides provostship of Neuhaus; 6 deaneries: Budejovice,

hospitals and asfylums for the aged and poor. Domazlice, Klatory, Pisek, and Tabor; and 8 arch-

Britan, DiocESB OF. See Brn6. ipre*yterates: Budejovice, Klattau, Krummau,

Neuhaus, Taus, and Winterberg, with 4 vicariates

Bmnswick (Bsaunschweiq; cf. C. E., in-19a), each, making a total of 34 vicariates. The total pop- formerly a duchy in the mountainous central part ulation of the diocese (1920) is 1,135,147, of which of Northern Germany, now a republic. Territorially 1,119,262 are Catholics, consisting of 800,000 Bo- the state is not a unit, but is parcelled into three hemians and 300,000 Germans. The balance of the large and six smaller sections. Both in extent of population is as follows: 1,790 members of the Augs- territoiy and in population it ranked tenth among burg Evangelical Church; 2,590 members of the Hel-