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of the vicariate have an association called the visitation; neither he nor any of his suite may

Roman Catholic League of the People of Curacao." on accoimt of the diocesan visitation ask or ac-

There are 3 Catholic publications. The Catholic cept for themselves or friends any kind of gift;

schools and institutions are supported by the Gov- the right of option in connection with dignities in

ernment. cathe<&al or collegiate chapters is prohibited imless

<^ 4. /^ r% -c* TtT c»»A\ T^u ' i^j. t where it is enjoined by the deed of foimdation;

curates (cf. C. E., IV-570).--lhe right of se- ^hen a see is vacant only one vicar capitular can

lectmg curates belongs not to the parish pn^t but be lawfully chosen: in a parish there should be

to the local ordinary, who, however, should first only one parish priest havmg care of souls; each

consult the parah pne^ before making an appoint- parish church must have its own baptismal font,

ment (cf. C E., XI-538). Curates may be ap- however, the vested rights of other churches are

pomted either m the entu-e parish or in a particular to be respected; a priest celebrating Mass must

part of it. They must reside in the parish, and as observe the rubrics and beware of adding other

a rule they should live with the parish pnest, who ceremonies or prayers arbitrarily; no one, without

18 to affiist in trammg them in the ministry and special leave of the pope, may receive minor orders

report their progress to the ordinary at least yearly, with the subdiaconate or two major orders on the

T^ey may be removed at will by the bishop or game day; without express leave of the Holy See

vicar capitular, but not by the vicar general with- jocal ordinaries or their officials may not ask any

out a special mandate. » * • payment, when dispensations are being sought, ex-

^od^^ jur. can,. 471-78; Vebmeebsch-Creukn. EpU. ,ur, ^^^ ^ ^^^ ^^^ ^^^^^^^^ ^j^^ expenses of the chan-

cepr; admission to church for the purposes of

Onrityba do Parana, Diocese of (Cubytibbnbib Divine service must be absolutely free; lay and

DB Parana; cf. C. E., IV-572d), in the State of clerical administrators of any church or candtiically

Parana, Brazil, suffragan of Sao Paulo. This dio- erected pious place or confraternity must give an

cese, comprising a territory of 184,672 sq. miles, account of their administration to the local ordinary

is under tne administration of Rt. Rev. Joao Fran- ye&rly; finally, any custom introducing a new

Cisco Braga, bom in Pelotas, Brazil, 1868, ordained matrimonial impediment or contrary to the existing

1900, served as secretary to the Bishop of Rio impediments is reprobated.

Grande do Sul, appointed Bishop of Petropolis 1 Codex jur. can., 25-30; Vdmbbiisch-Ckeubbn, Epit. jur.

March, 1902, transferred 25 August, 1907. Accord- «*'»" ^'^^

ing to 1920 statistic the population of this territory Ouyaba, Archdiocese op (Cuyabensis; cf. C. E., c^pns^ 496,538 Cathdics, 36,638 Protestants and iV-580c), in the State of Matto Grasso, Brazil. 1000 infidels. The diocese is credited with 70 This see was raised to the digmty of a metropolitan parishes, 68 secular and 30 regular clergy, and 302 jg March, 1910, by a Decree which divided the churches and chapels. , diocese and created two new sees as its suffragans, Onsack, Thomas F., Bishop of Albany, b. in San Luiz do Caceres and Corumba. Rt. Rev. Carlos New York City on February 22, 1862; d. at Albany Luiz d'Amour, bom in Sao Luiz de Maranhao 1836, on 12 July, 1918. He was educated at Saint Francis who made his studies in the diocesan seminary, Xavier's College, and received his theological train- and was ordained 30 November, 1860, filled this ing at the archdiocesan seminary at Troy, New see from 21 September, 1877, until his death, 8 York. July, 1921. He was succeeded by Rt. Rev. Fran- He was ordained on 30 May, 1885, and before cisco Agnino Correa, a Salesian, appointed to this his appointment as auxiliary to Cardinal Farley, see 26 August, 1921. Bom in Cuyaba 1885, he he acted as superior of the New York Apostolate, studied in Rome, was ordained in 1909, became the archdiocesan mission band. He was conse- editor of the review "Matto Grasso," and when crated titular Bishop of Theniscyra on 25 April, only twenty-nine years of age was appointed titular 1904, by Cardinal Farley and was transferred to Bishop of Prtisiade and auxiliary at Cuyaba, 2 the Diocese of Albany on 5 July, 1915. April, 1914. As a result of his efforts a civil war CyouiGAN, Epitcapai Succession in The United States in The which threatened the State was prevented, and the j^'Sl^'J^iU^' ^^' "^' ^^^ Catholic News (New York, president of the Republic named him civil govemor juiy /u, i»w;. of Matto Grasso in September, 1917. On 25 October, Onstom (cf. C. E., IV-n576).— If any customs, uni- 1919, he was made an assistant at the pontifical versal or particular, at present existing and con- throne. Before the division of this diocese it flicting with the canons of the Code, are expressly covered a territory of about 862,282 sq. miles and reprobated by the canons they are to be corrected, had a Catholic population of 199,559. There were even if they be immemorial, and they must not 9 parishes, 3 secular and 17 regular clergy, 27 be revived in future; others, if centennial and im- churches and chapels, 4 religious communities naemorial, may be tolerated if the ordinary judges (Third Order Regular of St. Francis, Salesians, Sis- thought under the circumstances it would not be ters of the Immaculate Conception, and Daughters prudent to abolish them; the remainder are abol- of Mary Auxiliatrice), 7 Catholic schools with 600 ished imless the Code provides otherwise. This pupils, and a Catholic journal, "A Cmz," published canon refers expressly to customs contra legem, not since 1910. to those prceter legem. The period required to

legalize any custom is forty years; but if the law Ouyo, Diocbsb of. See San Juan db Cuyo. contains a clause prohibiting future customs to

the contrary, only a reasonable centennial or im- Ouypers, Pbter J. H., architect and Catholic

memorial custom can become lawful. A law does revivalist, b. in Roermond, Holland, 1827; d. 3

not revoke centennial or immemorial customs nor March, 1921. He graduated from the Academy of

does a general law abolish particular customs with- Antwerp in 1850 with highest honors, and returned

out express mention; but any legalized custom may to his native country to begin his battle for truth

be revoked by a contrary custom. and fitness in architecture, for a Christian and

Among the regulations laid down in the Code national as against a pagan and foreign style. The

which expressly reprobate customs to the contrary definite establishment of an episcopal hierarchy in

are the following: A bishop may select any two Holland in 1853, attendant upon the general Catb-

derics he desires to accompany and assist him on olic revival, demanded more dignified centers of