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to be opened 1 October, 1922. The Susters have that he did so to a remarkable extent. £>r. Hed- under their care colleges, finishing schools, acad- ley's sermons, which he was accustomed to deliver

emies, training schools for teachers, technical by reading, are real literature* they have been

schools, parochial schools, and orphanages. The published in three volumes under the titles "Our

terms of office of general and local superiors are in Divine Saviour," "The Light of Life," and "The

accordance with the new Code of Canon Law. Christian Inheritance." Among the most memorable

^ _^ « «* ^ r^ - of his addresses are the funeral panegyrics on

Heart of Mary, Sisters Sjkvants op the Im- Cardinals Manning and Vaughan, and his oration

MACULATE.— See Immaculate Hbabt of Mary, Sis- at the openine of the Central Seminary of Oscott.

TER8 Servants of the. The treatise ^'Lex Levitarum," as a commentary

Heart of Mary, Holy, Congregation of Augus- of the Regula Pastoralis of St. Gregory the Great,

TiNiANS OF THE. See Lbteluer, Victoirb. is o[ interest chiefly to religious, but "The Holy

_ . _ , i. « x^ *rxx •«• V Euchanst" and "The Retreat" seem destmed to

Hebrews, Epistle to the (cf.C.E.,VII-181c).— enjoy a continued popularity among the laity as

On 24 June, 1914, the Pontifical Biblical Commis- ^ell. sion issued, on the subject of the authorship of the

Epistle to the Hebrews, a decision which, whilst Heidelberg, University of. See Freiburg, Arch-

reaffirming, on the one hand, the canonical char- diocese of.

acter of this epistle, declares, on the other hand, Hejaz. See Arabia that it ought to be held as the genuine work of

St. Paul. The reasons adduced in some quarters, Helena, Diocese of (Hblenensis; cf. C. E.,

namely, the absence of the apostle's name and VII-203c), sufifragan of Oregon, comprises an area

customary introduction, the remarkable purity of of 51»922 square miles and is one of the two sees

diction and elegance of style, the manner of quot- ^^ the State of Montana, U. S. A. Rt. Rev. John

ing and arguing from the Old Testament, and the P. Carroll, the second bishop, was consecrated 21

alleged differences of doctrine with the well authen- December, 1904. He was born at Dubuque, Iowa,

ticated letters of St. Paul, afford no solid basis 22 February, 1864, and ordained 7 July, 1889. Under

to a denial of the Pauline authorship; they are, Bishop Carroll's direction the St. Helena Cathedral

moreover, outweighed by far by the striking simili- has been built (1908-1914), Mount St. Charles Col-

tude of the teaching and its wording and of the lege and Preparatory Seminary has been erected

warnings and exhortations, nay even by the close and rapidly grown (1909-1921) and Catholic central

resemblance in the wording and sentences with bigh schools have been established in all important

those of the other Pauline writings. To say that centers. The Jesuits who were pioneer priests in

St. Paul is the author is, of course, to attribute to this territory, have several missions for Indians in

the apostle under Divine inspiration the concep- this diocese.

tion and expression of all the ideas; but not neces- During the late war Rev. J. G. Tongas and Rev.

sarily the elaboration of the outward form of the J- H. Ready rendered splendid service as chaplains,

epistle. It is interesting to note that the percentage of vol-

Acta Apoatolicae SedtM. VI (1914), 417-418; Jacquibh, Etudee unteers exceeded that of Other faiths and many

mof*^'^ ^ *'* p'>»'o'o(^«« du Nauveau Tettament (Paria, men from the Diocese of Helena died on the

battlefields. The State of Montana allows the

Hadley, John Cuthbert> Bishop of Newport, b. ministpr of priests in its public institutions, whick

at Morpeth, England, 15 April, 1837; d. at Llan- we attended by a chaplain. There is a St Johns

ishen. near Cardiff, 11 Nbvember, 1915. He was Ecclesiastical Society for mfirm prices m the dio-

the son of Edward A. Hedley, a physician, and ^^^ and many organizations among the laity. Van-

at the age of thirteen was sent to the Benedictine o"^ parishes publish parish monthlies and the

College at Ampleforth in Yorkshire. On the com- college has a paper, the "Prospector." The Hoi^

pletion of his college education he joined the ?^**^^ Good Shepherd, the Orphans Home and the

English Congregation of Benedictines and was J^^*^* Home receive compensation from the State

professed at St. Lawrence's Abbey, Ampleforth, on 'or some of their inmates. . . „ , ,.

10 November, 1855. Sevei years later he was raised ^^l communities of men in the Helepa dioc^

to the priesthood (19 October, 1862). and shortly ?J® ^^ ^^^i^ ^^^ ^^^ Premonstratentians, while

afterwards he was sent to lecture in the house of II*V55^"tt°^ ^^^^^e^^.t^^ ^'^^"^u""^ S&'a'^KJ^^ ^H

studies at Belmont. On 29 September, 1873, he f/^-M., Ursulmes, Sistere of the Third Order of

was consecrated by Archbishop Manning as Bishop ft. Doimnic. Sistere of St. Francis of Perpetual

of Cffisaropolis in partibus as auxiliary to his fellow- ^1?°^?*'^^' ^u^'^^ ^^^""^ and Sisters of the Good

Benedictine, Dr. Brown, Bishop of Newport and Shepherd. The diocese counts 50 parishes, 48 misr

Menevia, whom he succeeded on 18 Februaiy, 1881. !i°?f' ^b.^^'^'^H^' *^^ stations, 36 conyenU for

In 1891 he was appointed assistant at the papal C^^\ ^^^^"l*'" 5^4 }^ ^8" f ^"^^ ® ^""^

throne, and in 1896 was named president of the ^^t^^I^' ^ nuns and sisters, 1 college and prepara-

Catholic University Board; to him is largely due l^^^^^""^?^ "^'^^ ^^ P"^2^i4 . a ^^^Tk-'k

the approval given to Catholics attendin| ()xford L wf- 4-?l «TT'T ^"""^ ^f frlil'^^*^' %^'^^

and Cambridge. Bishop Hedley's influence on the ^^^^o^, f '^, ¥ . teachers and 1038 pupils, 4

Catholic life of England was important, for his ?,^!?^^[^^;,1 t-f^^o^'^^^\'l^x;^^^T^;

advice was constantly sought by the members of hS^^ J'^^ L r^oH%y.p^^^^^^^^^ 1 Tn?«n? fc' i

the English hierarchy. He was sympathetic with S^^^i?^ *^^ ^"^ Shepherd, 1 Infant Home, 8

those whose modem ways of thought rendered reli- ^

gious belief difficult. His great openness of mind Helpers of the Holy Sonls, Sooett op the (cf.

is attributed by Wilfrid Ward— whose predecessor C. E., VII-213a).— The Helpers offer up for the

he had been for a time as editor of the "Dublin Holy Souls all the satisfactory part of their works

Review" — ^to the influence of Newman's works, of mercy among the poor, their vows and prayers,

"It needs a very rare and very sympathetic imag- as well as indulgences applicable to themselves,

ination to realize without personal contact an in- Their chief work of mercy is visiting and caring

tellectual world wholly dissimilar to that in which for the sick poor. They also have numerous other

you live. It is one of Bishop Hedley's triumphs works of zeal and charity, such as religious in-