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LIBBKKZSCHT 453 LILLfi

Missions. Not only the pupils of the Catholic made the Diocese of Cambrai, and in 1842 it was

schools, but also those of the public grammar schools raised to an archdiocese.

receive daily religious instruction Irom appointed By a pontifical decree of 5 February, 1913, the priests and Sisters. The public hospitals have Sis- General Vicariate of lille was founded, including ters in attendance and also a Catholic chaplain, the civil districts of Lille, Hazebouch, and Dun- There are 10 religious associations for the young, kerque under a vicar general having the title of 3 of which are allied with the National Association, bishop (Auxiliary of Cambrai, Vicar General of "Catholic Italian Youth." Lille), and endowed with extensive powers. On 25 _ , - »__ •.*. .r^ « « ^ October, 1913, it was constituted a diocese and IiieDknecht, Karl. See Spabtacus Group. officially erected by Cardinal Lugon on 10 Decem-

JAhge, Bupen, and Malm6dy, Diocese op ^^ of the same ye^. The diocese comprises the

(LbodIensis; cf. C. E., LX-236a), in Belgium, fS^ J W*^7 ii^Kn^L ""^^^

dependent on Malines. After the e^ablishment of J^f i^fi*^^!^ i!, ^i'i? * ^* ^'^^ "^^

the Kingdom of the Netherlands, the diocese com- tkT fi^ „„^** '?^^^^ of T ni. «•

prised tBe Provinces of Li^ge and Limburg. On mI A^iS^ r^r^^ wh^ Jl Tn^ «t \flUU^

6 May, 1833, Mgr. Van Sommel divided the w?^ J^ ThS^' r.^o2f T

Province of Li^e into eleven deaneries. In 1839 S,vlTh,f fcl nf^T^fn? nf^i^

the diocese lostlhose parses which were situated ^n W '^hT ako "^^thf t?tk "Sr^f d1

k^un^^S^alS^f^nSriri ^^^r^t^ t^Xin^n' 1^-1^^^^^^^ which is the highest titlel^erred


n^r ^f t'S^. T^ri^r^L^r w^hnrT i- p* ^Z Catholic pricsts. Hc was a prof ^or at the College

Mfrt^n^^^ n^lJh^fr^^^^ of Saint-fcroix at Le Maii, director of the Sy

Martm-Hubert R^^^^^ b at Ge3^tmgen, 1^ ^^^^^ ^j ^^^^^ j^^^^ ^^ 'Couture and in 1884

Vf hi^ihfr ?S1 nnn«^^^^^^ becamc secretary to Bishop Laboure of Rennes.

lODecember, 1901, consecrated at Liege 6^^ In 1896 he was made chancellor of the Diocese

1902, made assistant to the pontifical throne, 12 .^ T>^„„a„ ;« 1000 ,,;«o^ «r«™i o«ri ;« 101 q vZ November, 1920. The diocese contains 1,215,000 ^1 ^iS^TntS t^J^Ihfn AiWnn^liJ^i^^ Catholics; of whom 350,000 are Flemish, 850000 Jltt B^Xn nf Cam^^^ Walloons,' and 16,000 speak German. There 'are Sfw^consecra^^^^ mJv 1913 IfReiSfeJ^^^^^^

^an'elThfldi^^^^ ShTD^u^t'^i'L^^^ 'he'dS o^f

chapels including 44 curacies, 2 abbeys and 20 L^y^ "[^ November of the same year. He is a

4ToZtn^JfJ^^^nJ^n S^h"^ S^«fL\^nZv.n«f knight of the Legion of Honor and a Knight of t^ l«rhrn^hl« T^f J^^^^^^^ the Order of Leopold. Bishop Charost was pro-

150 lay brothers The secular priests number 1500, j^^ted to the Titidar See of cLrsonese and made

T^S^'Sifh?^ ^2;in Jr^^ni^'^T^ffnlW-^^^^^ coadjutor to the Bishop of Remies in 1920.

Li^e with 160 seminarians The foUowmg educa- jhe Most Rev. Hector Raphael Quilliet, D.D..

JrljJiK-XS'lnH Sl^l3i^;«?\'i?nr'^!l «ucceeded him as the second and presLnt Bi'shop of for men, 200 teachers a^5000 students; 3 normal j^^ jg j^^^ jggo. He was bom at BoLs-Benmrd,

«ctt i^ J^^^^^;iJ^ l^^^t^{\ ft'^:nl7^ 11 March, 1859, and ordained in 1883. He was a

fnrf Pl.^pnf?J7 Ih^yL £ i^^^LlJ^ kTTk ' professor and dean of the faculty of theology at

rnvPi^Znf Thpfi^«?^^ ^,55?I*tL.^?^i«*^« the Catholic University of Lille, id directoi^With

?orr^f^o^;.,P^rit^f Q^^i^o^^^^ hospitals m ^^^ chollet, now Archbishop of Cambrai, if the

f^ll^ri ^T^Zf^t^rlJ^lP^l^^^^^ ? 't-T^' "Revue des sciences ecclesiast^ques and of "Ques-

in a? Hi^Sf ifS^^Zf. Pflo w^ *'IPT'*!.1 tio^ ecclesiastiques." He wa5 appointed B^hop

S.li^?m ^Mnh J^«t^ in^^ J K^^f^f ' r ^ ""^ o^ Limoges on 24 December, 1913, and consecrated

^u^^nA^ ^tj^fin^ i^^^^ ;n^%l.3r^^' ^^ MarcL He was later transferred to Lille, taking

S^K^rWa nhn^i onH IZ^^ ^.rl^T^ ^""^^ VosBemou of his ucw sce 29 September, 1920.

Numberless churches and villages were destroyed "^ ^he present (1921) statistic^ of the dioceee of

and the population was subjected to great misery t:iio gfiow 358 Darishes 1 ahh^v for mpnlSOO ^r^A «,ff^«n'n» -hJi^ niiff^*, ^;»f;»»r.;«k^^ u:J: ■^*^® snow •»» pansnes, i aooey lor men, i^uu

, 1 theological seminary with 106 philosophical seminary with 81 stu-

his continued protests against their treatment of his j Tower semrn'aT^th'siS^stlJ^^^ fs^Jecrack^ P®°P*^' colleges for men with 300 teachers, and 12 for

Llgug6 (cf. C. E., IX-247a).-The present abbot women, 1 university (University of Lille), 2 high of the Benedictine Abbey of Liguge, France, is schools, 1 normal school for girls, 330 elementary Dom Leopold Gougain, O.S.B. The community, «?*^^°l« ^^^ 11»8 . teachers. The diocesan mi». still resident at Chevetogne, numbers 34 priests aonanes of Cambrai take care also of the miMon^ 2 clerics, and 9 lay brothers. work of Lille and m addition to their work there

are: 12 homes for working women, 51 homes for

Lillenfeld (cf. C. E., IX-247c).— The present a^ed men and women, 27 orphan asylums, 21 hos- number of monks in this Cistercian abbey is 40, pitals, 3 refuge homes, 6 dispensaries, and 2 day all priests, most of whom are occupied in the care nurseries. A daily newspaper, **La Croix du Nord,** of souls in the 17 incorporated parishes. The and a diocesan weekly are published. For the war present abbot is Justin Fanschab, b. 1859, and record of this diocese see Lillb^ Univebsitt of. elected 1899, to succeed Alberic Heinmann, d. 1898. LUle, Uniybsrsitt of (cf. C. E., IX-252d).— At

LiUe, Diocese OP (lNSULBNBis;cf.C.E.,IX-251c), the beginning of the World War (August, 1914) » in the department du Nord, France, is suffragan the University of Lille was transformed into a vast to the Archdiocese of Cambrai. The territory in- hospital imder the direction of the French Red eluded in this diocese was originally, before the Cross, assisted by those members of its medical French Revolution, divided among four bishoprics; faculty whose duties retained them in Lille. Many Toumai, Ypem, Saint Omer, and Cambrai. After of its halls were filled with wounded from the bat- the Revolution the whole department du Nord was tiefields of Cambrai and Artois, and later from the