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BAKOUELO


81


BAN8KABY8TBI0A


2 teachers (7B students), 27 hohere schiden (0 and 6 year classipal and scientific curriculum) with 309 teachers (2^00 boy students, 1,200 girl students), 1;D70 elementary schools with 2,008 teachers, 7 in- dustrial schools with 78 teachers (680 students). All the schools are supported by the Government. The following charitable institutions exist in the arch- diocese: 5 homes for journeymen and working girls, 2 asylums, 13 hospitals, 2 refuges, 65 day nurseries. .The ministry of priests is permitted in all public institutions. The following associations have been formed by the clernr: Umo Apostolica, Foedus Ottomanum (Ottoman League), Association for I^estly Perserverance. The associations among the laity are: Association of Workingmen and Me- chanics, Association of Workingwomen, Young Men's Club, the Marian Congregation for young men and women. Two Catholic periodicals are published in the archdiocese.

Bangnelo, Vicariatb Apostolic of (ob Banguelo; cf. C. E, XVI-79d), in Central Africa. This vicariate was erected 23 January, 1918, by a division of the Vicariate Apostolic of Nyassa, and is bounded by the boundary line of the waters between Lim- angua and Zambezi, and the 13"* latitude. Its limits ^re the same as those of Nyssa. It is entrusted to the White Fathers, the present and first vicar apostolic being Rt. Rev. Mgr. Larue of this con- gregation, titular Biehop of Thubuibo. The re- markable progress of religion in this territory from the time of the erection of the vicariate is best efaown by the following statistics published in 1917:


Neophytes

Catechumens

Baptisms

Confessions

Communions

Christian families. . Chapels


1913


1914


1915 11,642


7,202


9,152


16,387


14,697


18,350


2,926


4,660


4,512


60,434


76,758


100,334


83,853


128,685


182,926


1,215


1,808


2,076


22


48


73


1916

14,955

22,192

4381

108,099

204,286

3,291

109


It is probable that the World War retarded in acme measure the work of the missionaries, but the 1921 records show an encouraging increase in conversions, there being now 6,000 Catholics out of a total population of 600,000, 32,000 catechumens, 24 priests, 6 brothers, 7 White Sisters, and 214 eatechists.

BanjAlnka, Diocbsb of (Banjalucbnsis; cf. C. £., n-252b), in Bosnia. The predecessor of the present bishop, Joseph Carrie, the first elected to the see, was Bishop Marianus Markovic, Apostolic Administrator. He died 20 June, 1912, after a life of eminent virtue. Both clergy and laity bore the hardships of the World War with great fortitude, and unselfishly attended the wants of the needy, the Trappists and Franciscans proving in this work especially deserving of praise.

The Catholics of the diocese number 102,000, of whom 90,000 are Croatians and the balance Ger- mans, Poles, Czechs, and a few Hungarians. There are 2S secuJar and 50 regular priests and 97 lay brothers, 45 parishes with 50 churches, 1 abbey for men with 2 affiliated houses, 3 convents for men and 5 for women, 1 seminary, 3 high schools, 12 normal schools with 36 teachers and a total of 1,895 students of both sexes, 2 orphan asylums, one for boys kept by the Trappists, and the other for girls in the care of the Sisters of the Precious Blood in Naxareth and supported by voluntary contributions. For the clergy there is a mutual benefit association of artificers and workmen. A periodical diocesan bulletin is issued, also a publication for Catholic


youth interested in art. At one time a Catholic weekly was published for one year, but lack of financial support foixsed its abandonment.

Banns of Marriage (cf. C. E., II-256c).— Before a marriage takes place it must be announced, or in other words the banns must be published on three successive Sundays or other feasts of obliga- tion during Mass or any other service at which there is a Targe attendance. The local ordinary ia now authorized to substitute for this usual method of publication the affixing of the names of the parties on the doors of the parochial or other chiu'ch for the space of eight days, which must in- clude two days of precept. If either or both of the parties, after reaching the age of puberty (12 years for girls, and 14 years for boys), have resided for six months ' elsewhere than in the parish of the priest, who has the right of assisting at the mar- riage, the parish priest is to notify the ordinary, who may require the publication of the banns in that place or may prescribe other steps for ascer- taining the status' of the parties. Even when the period of residence was less than six months, if it is suspected that an impediment was contracted, the parish priest is to refer the matter to the ordinary, who must not allow the marriage till the Suspicion is removed. If a Catholic is to be married to a non-Catholic the banns must not be pubh^ed, how- ever, the ordinary may allow it to be done if he deems it advisable, though in such a case the re- ligion of a non-Catholic must not be mentioned. A local ordinary may dispense his own subjects from the publication of the banns for a legitimate cause, even when it would have to be made in another diocese. Where several ordinaries have jurisdiction, the dispensation is granted by the one in whose diocese the marriage is to tsJ^e place; but either of them can grant it if the mamage is to be celebrated outside of their dioceses.

In case of doubt about the existence of any im- pediment, the parish priest should investigate the matter, examimng under oath at least two trust- worthy witnesses, and, if necessarv, the parties themselves: he is to proceed with the publication, but if the doubt is not eventually dispelled he must not assist at the marriage without consulting the ordinary. Should an undoubted impediment be dis- covered, then if it is occult he must continue the publication and refer the case to the local ordinary or the sacred penitentiary without revealing the names of the parties; if the impediment is public and has been discovered before beginning the pub- lication, the banns must not be proclaimed until the impediment has been removed, even if the pastor knows that a dispensation for the internal forum only has been granted; if the discovery was made after the first or the second proclamation the parish priest is to continue the publication, and refer the matter to the ordinary.

If the investigation of the parties' freedom to marry or the proclamation of the banns has been made by a priest other than the one who is to assist at the marriage, the latter should not officiate until the investigations have been completed and, as a rule, tmtil three days have elapsed from the last publication of the banns; on the other hand, if the marriage does not take place within six months, the publication must ordinarily be re- peated.

Code, can. 1022-32; Atbinbac. Mamage Legialation (New York, 1919), n. 42 sqq.; O'Donnbll in /r. Bed, Bee,, XV, M; XVI, 49.

Banska-Bystrica (or Neusohl), Diocbsb of (Nbosolienbis ; cf . C. E., X-774c) , in Czechoslovakia, suffragan of Esztergom. The see ia filled by Rt. Rev.