Manufactures.—There were in 1914, 3,829 manufacturing establishments in the State, employing 67,205 wage earners. The capital invested was $277,715,000; the wages paid $51,703,000; the value of the materials used $136,609,000; and the value of the finished products $245,326,000.
Banking.—On Oct. 31, 1919, there were reported 84 National banks in operation, having $13,010,000 in capital, $6,886,000 in outstanding circulation, and $42,687,000 in United States bonds. There were also 274 State banks, with $13,395,000 capital and $3,691,000 surplus. The exchange at the United States clearing house at Seattle, for the year ending Sept. 30, 1919, aggregated $2,013,736,000; an increase over those of the preceding year of $352,932,000.
Education.—There were in 1919: 3,439 schools, with 8,158 teachers. The attendance in the elementary schools was 235,008, and in the high schools, 37,317. There are three normal schools, with about 5,000 students. The total expenditure for the year for educational purposes was $16,587,356. The universities for higher education are the University of Washington at Seattle, University of Puget Sound at Tacoma, State College at Pullman, Gonzaga College at Spokane, and Whitman College at Walla Walla.
Finances.—The receipts for the year 1917-1918 amounted to $15,643,321, and the disbursements to $14,878,937. There was a balance on hand at the end of the year of $5,372,820. The assessed valuation of real estate in 1919 was $722,761,254, and of personal property $179,764,087. The state has no outstanding bonded debt.
Charities and Corrections.—The institutions under control of the State include school for the deaf, school for the blind at Vancouver, training school at Chehalis, school for girls at Grand Mound, Soldiers' Home at Orting, Veterans' Home at Port Orchard, three insane asylums, a penitentiary at Walla Walla, institution for feeble-minded at Medical Lake, and a reformatory at Monroe.
Churches.—The strongest denominations in the State are the Roman Catholic; Methodist Episcopal; Disciples of Christ; Regular Baptist; Presbyterian; Congregational; Protestant Episcopal; Lutheran; Independent Synods; and United Brethren.
Railways.—The railway mileage in