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M. G. D. Rt. Hon. Sir Mountstuart Elphinstone Grant-Duff, G.C.S.I., F.R.S. (1829–1906).
M.P. for the Elgin Burghs. 1857–1881. Under-Secretary of State for India, 1868–1874. Under-Secretary of State for the Colonies, 1880–1881. Governor of Madras, 1881–1886. President of the Royal Geographical Society, 1889–1893. President of the Royal Historical Society, 1892–1899. Author of Studies in European Politics; Notes from a Diary; &c.:
Coleridge, J. D. C., 1st Baron.
M. N. T. Marcus Niebuhr Tod, M.A.
Fellow and Tutor of Oriel College, Oxford. University Lecturer in Epigraphy. Joint-author of Catalogue of the Sparta Museum.
M. O. B. C Max Otto Bismarck Caspari, M.A.
Reader in Ancient History at London University. Lecturer in Greek at Birmingham University, 1905–1908.
Chios (in part).
N. V. Joseph Marie Noel Valois.
Member of Académie des Inscriptions et Belles-Lettres, Paris. Honorary Archivist at the Archives Nationales. Formerly President of the Société de l’Histoire de France and the Société de l’École de Chartes. Author of La France et le grand schisme d’Occident; &c.
Clement VII.: antipope; Constance, Council of.
N. W. T. Northcote Whitbridge Thomas, M.A.
Government Anthropologist to Southern Nigeria. Corresponding Member of the Société d’Anthropologie de Paris. Author of Thought Transference; Kinship and Marriage in Australia; &c.
O. Ba. Oswald Barron, F.S.A.
Editor of the Ancestor, 1902–1905. Hon. Genealogist to Standing Council of the Honourable Society of the Baronetage.
O. J. R. H. Osbert John Radcliffe Howarth, M.A.
Christ Church, Oxford. Geographical Scholar, 1901. Assistant Secretary of the British Association.
Coal (in part).
O. M.* Octave Maus, LL.D. (Brussels).
Advocate of the Court of Appeal at Brussels. Director of L’Art Moderne and of La Libre Esthétique. President of the Association of Belgian writers. Officer of the Legion of Honour. Author of Le Théâtre de Bayreuth; Aux Ambassadeurs; Malta, Constantinople et la Crimée; &c.
Clays, Paul Jean.
P. A. M. Percy Alexander Macmahon, D.Sc., F.R.S.
Late Major, R.A. Deputy Warden of the Standards, Board of Trade. Joint General Secretary of the British Association. Formerly Professor of Physics, Ordnance College. President of London Mathematical Society, 1894–1896.
Combinatorial Analysis.
P. C. Y. Philip Chesney Yorke, M.A.
Magdalen College, Oxford.
Clanricarde, 1st Earl of; Clanricarde, Marquess of; Clarendon, 1st Earl of;
Clifford of Chudleigh
P. La. Philip Lake, M.A., F.G.S.
Lecturer on Physical and Regional Geography in Cambridge University. Formerly of the Geological Survey of India. Author of Monograph of British Cambrian Trilobites. Translator and Editor of Kayser’s Comparative Geology.
China: Geology.
R. De C. W. Robert de Courcy Ward, A.M. (Harvard).
Assistant Professor of Climatology in the University of Harvard. Fellow of Royal Meteorological Society, London. Sometime Editor of American Meteorological Journal. Author of Climate considered especially in Relation to Man; &c.
Climate and Climatology.
R. H.* Sir Robert Hunter, C.B., M.A.
Solicitor to the Post Office. Author of The Preservation of Open Spaces and of Footpaths and other Rights of Way; &c.
R. J. M. Ronald John McNeill, M.A.
Christ Church, Oxford. Barrister-at-Law. Formerly Editor of the St James’s Gazette, London.
Chichester of Belfast;
Clare, 1st Earl of
R. K. D. Sir Robert Kennaway Douglas.
Formerly Professor of Chinese, King’s College, London. Keeper of Oriental Printed Books and MSS. at British Museum, 1892–1907. Member of the Chinese Consular Service, 1858–1865. Author of The Language and Literature of China; China; Europe and the Far East; &c.
China: History (in part).
R. L.* Richard Lydekker, F.R.S., F.G.S., F.Z.S.
Member of the Staff Of the Geological Survey of India, 1874–1882. Author of Catalogues of Fossil Mammals, Reptiles and Birds in British Museum; The Deer of all Lands; &c.
Chevrotain; Chimpanzee;
: Fauna;
; Chiru;
Clouded Leopard
R. N. B. Robert Nisbet Bain (d. 1909).
Formerly Assistant Librarian, British Museum. Author of Scandinavia: the Political History of Denmark, Norway and Sweden, 1513–1900; The First Romanovs, 1613 to 1725; Slavonic Europe: the Political History of Poland and Russia from 1469 to 1796; &c.
Christian II.
, III., IV.;
Christina of Sweden
R. P. S. R. Phené Spiers, F.S.A., F.R.I.B.A.
Formerly Master of Architectural School and Surveyor, Royal Academy, London. Past President of Architectural Association. Associate and Fellow of King’s College, London. Corresponding Member of the Institute of France. Editor of Fergusson’s History of Architecture. Author of Architecture: East and West; &c.
Chimney (in part); Chimneypiece;