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462
[TRIBES
INDIANS, NORTH AMERICAN
Tribe. Stock. Situation, Population, &c. Degree of
Intermixture.
Condition, Progress, &c. Authorities.
Kansa (Kaw). Siouan. 207 in Oklahoma. About half are mixed blood. American citizens, making fair progress. Dorsey, 11th Ann. Rep. Bur. Ethnol., 1889-1890, and 15th Rep., 1893-1894; Hay, Trans. Kans. State Hist. Soc., 1906.
Kickapoo. Algonkian. 188 in Kansas; 204 in Oklahoma; about 400 in Mexico. Considerable. Progress hampered by liquor, &c. Mooney, 14th Ann. Rep. Bur. Ethnol., 1892-1893; Lutz, Trans. Kansas Hist. Soc., 1906.
Kawia (Cahuilla). Shoshonian. About 150 in southern California. Little. Progress good. Nominally Catholics, result of Californian missions. Barrows, Ethnobotany of the Coahuilla Indians (1900}; Kroeber, Ethnography of the Cahuilla (1908).
Kiowa. Kiowan. 1219 in Oklahoma. Some white blood from captives, &c. Citizens of the U.S., making fair progress. Catholic, Methodist, Presbyterian, &c., mission influences. Mooney, 14th Ann. Rep. Bur. Ethnol., 1892-1893, and 17th Rep., 1895-1896.
Kitksan. Tsimshian. About 1100 on upper Skeena river in central British Columbia. Little. Making good progress. See Tsimshian.
Klamath. Lutuamian. 761 at Klamath Agency, Oregon. Little. Mostly self-supporting. Methodist mission, but poor work done. Gatschet, The Klamath Indians (Washington, 1890); Dorsey, Amer. Anthrop., 1901.
Klickatat. Sahaptian. About 300 merged with Yakima and other tribes on Yakima Reservation, Washington. Considerable. Late reports indicate much bad influence of whites. Lyman, Proc. Amer. Antiq. Soc., 1904; Lewis, Mem. Amer. Anthrop. Soc., 1906.
Konkau (Concow). Pujunan. 171 at Round Valley, California. Little. Gradually improving. See Maidu.
Kootenay. Kitunahan. In S.E. British Columbia; 220 at St Mary's; 59 at Tobacco Plains; 82 at Columbia Lakes; 170, lower Kootenay. At Flathead Agency, Montana, 565. Holding their own, or increasing. A little French and English. Good, especially upper Kootenay; continued progress. Kootenay in U.S. not so progressive. Catholic missions with good results. Boas, Rep. Brit. Assoc. Adv. Sci., 1889; Chamberlain, ibid., 1892 (and other writings), Ann. Arch. Rep. Ontario, 1905; Schultz, My Life as an Indian (N.Y., 1907).
Koyukukho'tenne Athabaskan. About 500 on the Koyukuk and Yukon above the 'Kaiyuhkho'tenne in Alaska. Little, if any. Little progress noted. See Babines, Carriers, Chipewyan.
Kwakiutl. Wakashan. About 2000 in Vancouver Island and British Columbia. Decreasing. Considerable in places. Improvement recently. Anglican and Methodist missions — former counting 469; latter, 19 members; rest, “pagans.” Boas, Rep. Brit. Assoc. Adv. Sci., 1889, 1890, 1896, Rep. U.S. Nat. Mus., 1895, and other writings; Boas and Hunt, Mem. Amer. Mus. Nat. Hist., 1902.
Lillooet (Statliumh). Salishan. About 900 in S.W. British Columbia, on Fraser river, Douglas and Lillooet Lakes, &c. Considerable places. Getting along well generally. Catholic and Anglican missions. Boas, Ethnogr. Album (N.Y., 1890); Hill-Tout, Journ. Anthr. Inst., 1905; Teit, Mem. Amer. Mus. Nat. Hist., 1906.
Lummi. Salishan. 418 at Tulalip Agency, Washington. Considerable. Suffering from white contact. See Chehalis.
Maidu. Pujunan. In N.E. California. About 250 full-bloods. Not much. Few and scattered. Dixon, Bull. Amer. Mus. Nat. Hist., 1902-1905; Journ. Amer. Folk-Lore, 1900-1907.
Makah. Wakashan. 400 on Makah, 25 on Ozette Reservation, Washington. Considerable. Progress good. Swan, The Indians of Cape Flattery (Washington, 1870); Dorsey, Amer. Antiquarian, 1901.
Mandan. Siouan. 264 at Ft. Berthold, N. Dakota. Beginning to increase again. Considerable. Making some progress. Catholic and Protestant mission influences. Will and Spindle, The Mandans (1906); Dorsey in 11th and 15th Reps. Bur. Ethnol.
Maricopa. Yuman. 344 at Pima Agency Arizona. Decreasing slightly. No data. Progress in 1906 excellent. Catholic mission school. See Yuma.
Maskegon (Swampy Cree). Algonkian. About 2500 in Manitoba, Keewatin, Saskatchewan. Considerable in certain regions. Generally law-abiding, but improvident; some making good progress. Simms in Journ. Amer. Folk-Lore, 1906; Stewart in Ann. Arch. Rep. Ontario, 1905.
Masset. Haidan. 360 at Masset, Q. Charlotte Is. See Haida. See Haida. See Haida.
Menohinee. Algonkian. About 1600, of which 1364 under superintendency of Green Bay, Wisconsin. Considerable. Making gradual progress, with noticeable improvement in many respects. Catholic church has many members. Hoffman in 14th Ann. Rep. Bur. Ethnol., 1892-1893.
Miami. Algonkian. 129 in Oklahoma, 240 in Indiana, a few elsewhere; total about 400. Considerable French blood, about 50%. American citizens; intelligent, thrifty and progressive. Pilling, Bibl. of Algon. Lang. (1891).
Micmac. Algonkian. 2114 in Nova Scotia, 288 in Prince Edward Island; 1000 in New Brunswick, 591 in Quebec. Large element of French; some Scottish and English blood. Progress good; not degenerating nor decreasing. All Catholics. Writings of Dr S. T. Rand, especially Micmac Legends (1894); Pacifique and Prince, Congr. intern. des Amér., Quebec, 1906; Leland Algonquin Legends (1885); Leland and Prince, Kuloskap (1902).
Mission Indians. Yuman; Shoshonian. About 3000 in S. California. Considerable in some sections. Self-supporting; some individuals remarkably able and industrious. Catholics nominally. Writings of Miss C. G. du Bois, Journ. Amer. Folk-Lore and Amer. Anthrop., 1900-1908, &c. See Kawia.
Mississagua. Algonkian. At Aluwick, 249; at the river Credit, 267; Rice Lake, 90; Mud Lake, 190; Scugog, 35. Increasing slightly. Considerable. Fairly good generally; some at the Credit very successful farmers, competing with whites. Methodists chiefly. Chamberlain, Journ. Amer. Folk-Lore, 1888 and Language of the Mississagas of Skugog (Phila., 1892); Burnham, Ont. Hist. Soc. Pap. and Rec., 1905.
Modoc. Lutuamian. 52 in Oklahoma, 229 on Klamath Reservation. Oregon. Apparently decreasing slowly, or holding their own. Little. Generally industrious and moral. Methodist mission. Miller, My Life Among the Modocs (1873); Gatschet, Amer. Anthrop., 1894. See Klamath.
Mohave. Yuman. About 1600 in Arizona. Little. Good: industrious but restless. Presbyterian and Church of the Nazarene missions. Bourke, Journ. Amer. Folk-Lore, 1889; Kroeber, Amer. Anthrop., 1902. See Yuman.