Page:Popular Science Monthly Volume 22.djvu/466

This page has been validated.
450
THE POPULAR SCIENCE MONTHLY.

Fig. 8 is a large one, and has some peculiar zigzag markings on it, the significance of which is not known. Bone fish-hooks, as represented

PSM V22 D466 Bone with an unusual ornamentation of unknown origin.jpg
Fig. 8.

in Fig. 9, show the race to have lived by the product of the Little Miami River as well as by the chase. Bone harpoons, similar in make PSM V22 D466 Bone fish hooks.jpgFig. 9. to those still in use by the Esquimaux,[1] show further that they derived sustenance from the river, while Fig. 10 shows a needle made of a fish-spine (c) with a large hole in one end, a deer-bone (b), used perhaps as an awl, and a turkey-bone (a), also used as an awl.

Besides the useful articles of bone that have been mentioned, there are others used more for ornament. The beads have already been referred to. A peculiarly-shaped piece of elk-horn, with five teeth and a perforated handle, has been found, and has been called a comb. Fig. 11[2] represents it, and a striking resemblance between it and one from the Swiss lake-dwellings (Fig. 12[3]) maybe noticed. Another piece, the use of which is not known, but which is supposed to have been

PSM V22 D466 Bone harpoon tips and sewing needles of the inuit.jpg
Fig. 10.

perhaps some sort of flute or whistle, is shown in Fig. 13. It is a hollow piece of bone, with six holes of different sizes made in one side,

  1. Lubbock, "Prehistoric Times," p. 504, Fig. 219.
  2. Copied from the "Journal of the Cincinnati Society of Natural History," vol. iii, p. 132.
  3. Keller, "Lake-Dwellings," plate 28, Fig. 8.