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Page:Popular Science Monthly Volume 44.djvu/645

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629
FOSSIL MAN.

ternary." Dr. Schaffhausen thinks it can be traced to an earlier period still. In view of the discovery of the Spy man with its better definition of the Cannstadt race, it is possible that the men of La Denise, Eguisheim, and the lowest gravels of Grenelle will have to be separated from this race.

In the valley of the Vézère, in the southwest of France, in that of the Somme in the northwest of France, at Grenelle near Paris, in the Gourdon grotto in the middle of the central Pyrenees, in the department of the Basses-Pyrénées, in the valley of the Meuse in Belgium, and in several other localities needless to

PSM V44 D645 Skull from the cave of engis.jpg

Fig. 8.—The Skull from the Cave of Engis viewed from the right side, a, glabella, b, occipital protuberance (a to b, glabello-occipital line); c, auditory foramen. (From Huxley's Man's Place in Nature.)

repeat here, there has been found a fossil man, morphologically much different from the Cannstadt man.

To this man MM. Quatrefages and Hami have given the name of the Cro-Magnon race, from the rock shelter of this name in the valley of the Vézère, near the village of Les Eyzies, where in the year 1858 the bones of three men, one woman, and a child were found.

This race is regarded as more recent than the Cannstadt race. The evidence to sustain this view is quite convincing.

In the Grenelle basin, near Paris, the Cannstadt man, the CroMagnon man, and a skeleton approaching a type known as the Furfooz man (to be described later) appear in chronological order.