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Page:Provincial geographies of India (Volume 1).djvu/372

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OTHER PLACES OF NOTE

near Kashmir road on a spur of the Himalaya— height 7517 feet — 39 miles from Rawalpindi, from which visitors are conveyed by tonga. The views from Mnrree are magnificent and the neighbourhood of the Hazara Galis is an attraction. But the climate is not really bracing. The summer headquarters of the Northern Army are at Murree, and before 1876 the Panjab Government spent the hot weather there. The Commissioner and Deputy Commissioner of Rawalpindi take their work there for several months.

Murti (Jhelam), 32-4 N.- 72-6 E. In Gandhala valley on bank of Katas stream. Remains of a Buddhist stupa and of a Jain temple. (Archaeological Survey Reports, Vol. it. pp, 88 and 90.)

Rawalpindi, 33-4 N.-737 E. Headquarters of district and division, and the most important cantonment in Northern India. Population 86,483, of which 39,841 in Cantonment. It owes its importance entirely to British rule. Large carrying trade with Kashmir. Contains the N.W. Railway Locomotive and Carriage works and several private factories, also a branch of the Murree brewery. There is an important arsenal. The Park, left fortunatelv mainly in its natural state, is an attractive feature of the cantonment.

Rohtas (Jhelam), 32-6 N-73'5 E. Ten miles N.W. of Jhelam on the far side of the gorge where the Kaha torrent breaks through a spur of the Tilla Range. Fine remains of a very large fort built by the Emperor Sher Shah Suri.

Sakesar (Shahpur), 31-3 N.-7I-6 E. Highest point of Salt Range, 5010 feet above sea level. The Deputy Commissioners of Shahpur, Mianwali, and Attock spend part of the hot weather at Sakesar.

Shahdheri (Rawalpindi), 33-2 N.-72-5 E. On the Hazara border and near the Margalla Pass. Site of the famous city of Taxila (Takshasila) . See pages 161, 165, and 204. Excavation is now being carried out with interesting results.

Taxila. See Shahdheri.

(e) Multán Division.

Chiniot (Jhang), 31-4 N.-73-o E. Headquarters of tahsil. Population 14,085. A very old town near the left bank of the Chenab. Famous for brasswork and wood-carving. The Muhammadan Khoja traders have large business connections with Calcutta, Bombay, and Karachi. Fine mosque of the time of Shahjahan.