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46

TRANSPORTATION

during the eight years and a half previous to the 30th of June, 1836:—

Year. Convicts. Free
Emigrants.
Total.
1828 2,712 596 3,308
1829 3,664 564 4,228
1830 3,226 309 3,535
1831 2,837 457 3,294
1832 3,268 2,006 5,274
1833 4,136 2,685 6,821
1834 3,161 1,664 4,725
1835 3,602 1,428 5,030
1836 1,796  675 2,471
till June 30, ———— ——— ———
28,402[1] 10,284 38,686


Into a community, therefore, so unhappily constituted, both in a moral and political light, as I have shown that of New South Wales to have been from the first, there have been imported during the last eight years and a half, to counteract the naturally evil influence and to promote the

  1. The proportion of Roman Catholic convicts in ships from England is 10 per cent., that of Protestant convicts in ships from Ireland being 5 per cent: it is therefore evident and unquestionable, that the Roman Catholic religion has exceedingly the advantage of Protestantism in contributing to the prison population of convict colonies.