Page:United States Statutes at Large Volume 105 Part 1.djvu/744

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105 STAT. 716 PUBLIC LAW 102-138—OCT. 28, 1991 oriented course of development, and demonstrate a commitment to abide by the rule of law; (3) to strongly support peaceful resolution of conflicts within the Soviet Union and between the central Soviet government and Lithuania, Latvia, and Estonia and republic-level governments; (4) to condemn the actual and threatened use of martial law, pogroms, military occupation, blockades, and other uses of force which have been used to suppress democracy and self-determination; and (5) to view the threatened and actual use of force to suppress the self-determination of republic-level governments and Lithuania, Latvia, and Estonia as an obstacle to fully normalized United States-Soviet relations. SEC. 361. POLICY REGARDING UNITED STATES ASSISTANCE TO THE SOVIET UNION AND YUGOSLAVIA. (a) CONGRESSIONAL STATEMENT. —An essential purpose of United States foreign assistance is to foster the development of democratic institutions and free enterprise systems. Stable economic growth, fostered by free enterprise and free trade, is also important to the development of democratic institutions. (b) DECLARATION OF UNITED STATES POLICY. — It is the policy of the United States, to the extent feasible and consistent with United States national interest, that— (1) assistance to the Soviet Union and Yugoslavia, including their successor entities or any constituent part, shall be conditioned on significant steps toward political pluralism based on a democratic multi-party political system, economic reform based on a market-oriented economy, respect for internationaly recognized human rights and a willingness to build a friendly relationship with the United States; and (2) expanded trade with the republics in the Soviet Union and Yugoslavia or their successor entities should be encouraged. SEC. 362. POLICY TOWARD THE RELEASE OF POLITICAL PRISONERS BY SOUTH AFRICA. It is the sense of the Congress that— (1) the President and the Secretary of State should pursue, through diplomatic actions with the South African Government, the release of all political prisoners and the resolution of controversy about who is eligible for release as a political prisoner; Reports. (2) not less than 90 days after enactment of this Act, the Secretary of State shall submit to the Committee on Foreign Relations of the Senate and the Speaker of the House of Representatives a report documenting the progress which has been made concerning the release of all political prisoners in South Africa; and (3) satisfactory resolution between the South African government and the African National Congress of the issue of the release of political prisoners is essential to the continued progress toward the establishment of a nonracial democracy in South Africa. SEC. 363. UNITED STATES TACTICAL NUCLEAR WEAPONS DESIGNED FOR DEPLOYMENT IN EUROPE. (a) FINDINGS. —The Congress finds that—