Page:United States Statutes at Large Volume 60 Part 1.djvu/1114

This page needs to be proofread.


60 STAT.] 79TH GONG. , 2D SESS.-CH. 966-AUG. 14 , 1946 cooperating. Should duplication or overlapping occur subsequent to approval of a cooperative research project the Secretary of Agricul- ture is authorized and directed to withhold unexpended balances on such projects notwithstanding the prior approval thereof. The Secre- tary of Agriculture shall include in his annual report to Congress a complete statement of research work being performed under contracts or cooperative agreements under this title, showing the names of the agencies cooperating and the amounts expended thereon, segregated by Federal and non-Federal funds." TITLE II This title may be cited as the "Agricultural Marketing Act of 1946". SEC. 202. The Congress hereby declares that a sound, efficient, and privately operated system for distributing and marketing agricul- tural products is essential to a prosperous agriculture and is indis- pensable to the maintenance of full employment and to the welfare, prosperity, and health of the Nation. It is further declared to be the policy of Congress to promote through research, study, experi- mentation, and through cooperation among Federal and State agencies, farm organizations, and private industry a scientific approach to the problems of marketing, transportation, and distri- bution of agricultural products similar to the scientific methods which have been utilized so successfully during the past eighty-four years in connection with the production of agricultural products so that such products capable of being produced in abundance may be marketed in an orderly manner and efficiently distributed. In order to attain these objectives, it is the intent of Congress to provide for (1) continuous research to improve the marketing, handling storage, processing, transportation, and distribution of agricultural products; (2) cooperation among Federal and State agencies, pro- ducers, industry organizations, and others in the development and effectuation of research and marketing programs to improve the dis- tribution processes; (3) an integrated administration of all laws enacted by Congress to aid the distribution of agricultural products through research, market aids and services, and regulatory activities, to the end that marketing methods and facilities may be improved, that distribution costs may be reduced and the price spread between the producer and consumer may be narrowed, that dietary and nutri- tional standards may be improved, that new and wider markets for American agricultural products may be developed, both in the United States and in other countries, with a view to making it possible for the full production of American farms to be disposed of usefully, economically, profitably, and in an orderly manner. In effectuating the purposes of this title, maximum use shall be made of existing research facilities owned or controlled by the Federal Government or by State agricultural experiment stations and of the facilities of the Federal and State extension services. To the maximum extent practicable marketing research work done hereunder in cooperation with the States shall be done in cooperation with the State agricul- tural experiment stations; marketing educational and demonstra- tional work done hereunder in cooperation with the States shall be done in cooperation with the State agricultural extension service; market information, inspection, regulatory work and other market- ing service done hereunder in cooperation with the State agencies shall be done in cooperation with the State departments of agricul- ture, and State bureaus and departments of markets. SEC. 203. The Secretary of Agriculture is directed and authorized: 1087 Withholding of un- expended balances. Report to Congress. Agricultural Mar- keting Act of 1946. Declaration of policy. Maximum use at existing research fa- cilities. Cooperation with State agencies.