TRACTATUS LOGICO-PHILOSOPHICUS

(Including the variable name.)

3.315 If we change a constituent part of a proposition into a variable, there is a class of propositions which are all the values of the resulting variable proposition. This class in general still depends on what, by arbitrary agreement, we mean by parts of that proposition. But if we change all those signs, whose meaning was arbitrarily determined, into variables, there always remains such a class. But this is now no longer dependent on any agreement; it depends only on the nature of the proposition. It corresponds to a logical form, to a logical prototype.

3.316 What values the propositional variable can assume *is* determined.

The determination of the values *is* the variable.

3.317 The determination of the values of the propositional variable is done by *indicating the propositions* whose common mark the variable is.

The determination is a description of these propositions.

The determination will therefore deal only with symbols not with their meaning.

And *only* this is essential to the determination, *that it is only a description of symbols and asserts nothing about what is symbolized.*

The way in which we describe the propositions is not essential.

3.318 I conceive the proposition—like Frege and Russell—as a function of the expressions contained in it.

3.32 The sign is the part of the symbol perceptible by the senses.

3.321 Two different symbols can therefore have the sign (the written sign or the sound sign) in common—they then signify in different ways.