Open main menu
Odes of Pindar
Class
Pindar's victory odes are grouped into four books named after the Olympian, Pythian, Isthmian, and Nemean Games–the four Panhellenic festivals held respectively at Olympia, Delphi, Corinth and Nemea. Most of the odes were composed in honour of men or youths who achieved a victory at those festivals. In the original manuscripts, the four books of odes were arranged in the order of importance assigned to the festivals, with the Nemean festival, considered least important, coming last. Victory odes that lacked a Panhellenic subject were then bundled together at the end of the book of Nemean odes.
Excerpted from Pindar on Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.


Contents

Olympian odesEdit

 
The palaestra of Olympia, a place devoted to the training of wrestlers and other athletes.

The Olympic Games (Greek: Ὀλύμπια) were held in honour of Zeus every four years at Olympia, the site of the sanctuary that housed the Statue of Zeus. The Olympiad held such importance that it was used as a unit of time in historical chronologies.

Ol. 1 :   B. C. 476, Victor: Hieron of Syracuse (horse race)

Olympian 1. verse, trans. Ambrose Philips (1748)
Olympian 1. verse, trans. C. A. Wheelwright (1846)
Olympian 1. prose, trans. Ernest Myers (1874)

Ol. 2 :   B. C. 476, Victor: Theron of Acragas (chariot race)

Olympian 2. verse, trans. Ambrose Philips (1748)
Olympian 2. verse, trans. C. A. Wheelwright (1846)
Olympian 2. prose, trans. Ernest Myers (1874)

Ol. 3 :   B. C. 476 (?), Victor: Theron of Acragas (chariot race)

Olympian 3. verse, trans. C. A. Wheelwright (1846)
Olympian 3. prose, trans. Ernest Myers (1874)

Ol. 4 :   B. C. 460 or 456 (?), Victor: Psaumis of Camarina (chariot race with mules)

Olympian 4. verse, trans. C. A. Wheelwright (1846)
Olympian 4. prose, trans. Ernest Myers (1874)

Ol. 5 :   B. C. 460 or 456 (?), Victor: Psaumis of Camarina (chariot race with mules)

Olympian 5. verse, trans. C. A. Wheelwright (1846)
Olympian 5. prose, trans. Ernest Myers (1874)

Ol. 6 :   B. C. 468, Victor: Agesias of Syracuse (chariot race with mules)

Olympian 6. verse, trans. C. A. Wheelwright (1846)
Olympian 6. prose, trans. Ernest Myers (1874)

Ol. 7 :   B. C. 464, Victor: Diagoras of Rhodes (boxing)

Olympian 7. verse, trans. C. A. Wheelwright (1846)
Olympian 7. prose, trans. Ernest Myers (1874)

Ol. 8 :   B. C. 460, Victor: Alcimidas of Aegina (boys' wrestling)

Olympian 8. verse, trans. C. A. Wheelwright (1846)
Olympian 8. prose, trans. Ernest Myers (1874)

Ol. 9 :   B. C. 466, Victor: Epharmus of Opous (wrestling)

Olympian 9. verse, trans. C. A. Wheelwright (1846)
Olympian 9. prose, trans. Ernest Myers (1874)

Ol. 10 :   B. C. 474 (?), Victor: Agesidamus of Epizephyrian Locris (boys' boxing)

Olympian 10. verse, trans. C. A. Wheelwright (1846)
Olympian 10. prose, trans. Ernest Myers (1874)

Ol. 11 :   B. C. 476, Victor: Agesidamus of Epizephyrian Locris (boys' boxing)

Olympian 11. verse, trans. C. A. Wheelwright (1846)
Olympian 11. prose, trans. Ernest Myers (1874)

Ol. 12 :   B. C. 466, Victor: Ergoteles of Himera (long foot race)

Olympian 12. verse, trans. C. A. Wheelwright (1846)
Olympian 12. prose, trans. Ernest Myers (1874)

Ol. 13 :   B. C. 464, Victor: Xenophon of Corinth (short foot race & pentathlon)

Olympian 13. verse, trans. C. A. Wheelwright (1846)
Olympian 13. prose, trans. Ernest Myers (1874)

Ol. 14 :   B. C. 488 (?), Victor: Asopichus of Orchomenus (boys' foot race)

Olympian 14. verse, trans. C. A. Wheelwright (1846)
Olympian 14. prose, trans. Ernest Myers (1874)
Olympian 14. verse, trans. Henry David Thoreau (1906)

Pythian odesEdit

 
The athletic stadium at Delphi.

The Pythian Games (Greek: Πύθια) were held in honour of Apollo every four years at his sanctuary at Delphi. They were held two years after each Olympic Games, and between each Nemean and Isthmian Games. Unlike the Olympic Games, the Pythian Games also featured competitions for art and dance.

Pyth. 1 :   B. C. 470, Victor: Hieron of Aetna (chariot race)

Pythian 1. verse, trans. Gilbert West (1749) [1902 ed.]
Pythian 1. verse, trans. C. A. Wheelwright (1846)
Pythian 1. prose, trans. Ernest Myers (1874)

Pyth. 2 :   B. C. 475?, Victor: Hieron of Syracuse (chariot race)

Pythian 2. verse, trans. C. A. Wheelwright (1846)
Pythian 2. prose, trans. Ernest Myers (1874)

Pyth. 3 :   B. C. 474?, Victor: Hieron of Syracuse (horse race)

Pythian 3. verse, trans. C. A. Wheelwright (1846)
Pythian 3. prose, trans. Ernest Myers (1874)

Pyth. 4 :   B. C. 462/1, Victor: Arcesilas of Cyrene (chariot race)

Pythian 4. verse, trans. C. A. Wheelwright (1846)
Pythian 4. prose, trans. Ernest Myers (1874)

Pyth. 5 :   B. C. 462/1, Victor: Arcesilas of Cyrene (chariot race)

Pythian 5. verse, trans. C. A. Wheelwright (1846)
Pythian 5. prose, trans. Ernest Myers (1874)

Pyth. 6 :   B. C. 490, Victor: Xenocrates of Acragas (chariot race)

Pythian 6. verse, trans. C. A. Wheelwright (1846)
Pythian 6. prose, trans. Ernest Myers (1874)

Pyth. 7 :   B. C. 486, Victor: Megacles of Athens (chariot race)

Pythian 7. verse, trans. C. A. Wheelwright (1846)
Pythian 7. prose, trans. Ernest Myers (1874)

Pyth. 8 :   B. C. 446, Victor: Aristomenes of Aegina (wrestling)

Pythian 8. verse, trans. C. A. Wheelwright (1846)
Pythian 8. prose, trans. Ernest Myers (1874)

Pyth. 9 :   B. C. 474, Victor: Telesicrates of Cyrene (foot race in armour)

Pythian 9. verse, trans. C. A. Wheelwright (1846)
Pythian 9. prose, trans. Ernest Myers (1874)

Pyth. 10 :   B. C. 498, Victor: Hippocles of Thessaly (boys' long foot race)

Pythian 10. verse, trans. C. A. Wheelwright (1846)
Pythian 10. prose, trans. Ernest Myers (1874)

Pyth. 11 :   B. C. 474, Victor: Thrasydaeus of Thebes (boys' short foot race)

Pythian 11. verse, trans. C. A. Wheelwright (1846)
Pythian 11. prose, trans. Ernest Myers (1874)

Pyth. 12 :   B. C. 490, Victor: Midas of Acragas (flute playing)

Pythian 12. verse, trans. C. A. Wheelwright (1846)
Pythian 12. prose, trans. Ernest Myers (1874)

Isthmian odesEdit

 
The Isthmian games included wrestling, boxing, and the pankration.

The Isthmian Games (Greek: Ἴσθμια) were named after the Isthmus of Corinth, where they were held. As with the Nemean Games, the Isthmian Games were held both the year before and the year after the Olympic Games (the second and fourth years of an Olympiad), while the Pythian Games were held in the third year of the Olympiad cycle.

Isth. 1 :   B. C. 458 (?), Victor: Herodotus of Thebes (chariot race)

Isthmian 1. verse, trans. C. A. Wheelwright (1846)
Isthmian 1. prose, trans. Ernest Myers (1874)

Isth. 2 :   B. C. 470 (?), Victor: Xenocrates of Acragas (chariot race)

Isthmian 2. verse, trans. C. A. Wheelwright (1846)
Isthmian 2. prose, trans. Ernest Myers (1874)

Isth. 3 / 3a [1]:   B. C. 474/3 (?), Victor: Melissus of Thebes (chariot race)

Isthmian 3. verse, trans. C. A. Wheelwright (1846)
Isthmian 3. prose, trans. Ernest Myers (1874)

Isth. 4 / 3b [1]:   B. C. 474/3 (?), Victor: Melissus of Thebes (pancration)

Isthmian 4. verse, trans. C. A. Wheelwright (1846)
Isthmian 3. prose, trans. Ernest Myers (1874)

Isth. 5 / 4 [1]:   B. C. 478 (?), Victor: Phylacides of Aegina (pancration)

Isthmian 5. verse, trans. C. A. Wheelwright (1846)
Isthmian 4. prose, trans. Ernest Myers (1874)

Isth. 6 / 5 [1]:   B. C. 480, Victor: Phylacides of Aegina (pancration)

Isthmian 6. verse, trans. C. A. Wheelwright (1846)
Isthmian 5. prose, trans. Ernest Myers (1874)

Isth. 7 / 6 [1]:   B. C. 454 (?), Victor: Strepsiades of Thebes (pancration)

Isthmian 7. verse, trans. C. A. Wheelwright (1846)
Isthmian 6. prose, trans. Ernest Myers (1874)

Isth. 8 / 7 [1]:   B. C. 478, Victor: Cleandrus of Aegina (pancration)

Isthmian 8. verse, trans. C. A. Wheelwright (1846)
Isthmian 7. prose, trans. Ernest Myers (1874)

Nemean odesEdit

 
The stadion of Nemea.

The Nemean Games (Greek: Νέμεα or Νέμεια) were held at Nemea in honor of Zeus, and were said to have been instituted by Heracles. As with the Isthmian Games, the Nemean Games were held every two years.

Nem. 1 :   B. C. 476 (?) , Victor: Chromius of Aetna (chariot race)

Nemean 1. verse, trans. Abraham Cowley (1656)
Nemean 1. verse, trans. C. A. Wheelwright (1846)
Nemean 1. prose, trans. Ernest Myers (1874)

Nem. 2 :   B. C. 485 (?), Victor: Timodemus of Acharnae (pancration)

Nemean 2. verse, trans. C. A. Wheelwright (1846)
Nemean 2. prose, trans. Ernest Myers (1874)

Nem. 3 :   B. C. 475 (?), Victor: Aristocleides of Aegina (pancration)

Nemean 3. verse, trans. C. A. Wheelwright (1846)
Nemean 3. prose, trans. Ernest Myers (1874)

Nem. 4 :   B. C. 473 (?), Victor: Timisarchus of Aegina (boys' wrestling)

Nemean 4. verse, trans. C. A. Wheelwright (1846)
Nemean 4. prose, trans. Ernest Myers (1874)

Nem. 5 :   B. C. 483 (?), Victor: Pythias of Aegina (youths' pancration)

Nemean 5. verse, trans. C. A. Wheelwright (1846)
Nemean 5. prose, trans. Ernest Myers (1874)

Nem. 6 :   B. C. 465 (?), Victor: Alcimidas of Aegina (boys' wrestling)

Nemean 6. verse, trans. C. A. Wheelwright (1846)
Nemean 6. prose, trans. Ernest Myers (1874)

Nem. 7 :   B. C. 485 (?), Victor: Sogenes of Aegina (boys' pentathlon)

Nemean 7. verse, trans. C. A. Wheelwright (1846)
Nemean 7. prose, trans. Ernest Myers (1874)

Nem. 8 :   B. C. 459 (?), Victor: Deinis of Aegina (foot race)

Nemean 8. verse, trans. C. A. Wheelwright (1846)
Nemean 8. prose, trans. Ernest Myers (1874)

Nem. 9 :   B. C. 474 (?), Victor: Chromius of Aetna (chariot race)

Nemean 9. verse, trans. C. A. Wheelwright (1846)
Nemean 9. prose, trans. Ernest Myers (1874)

Nem. 10 :   B. C. 444 (?), Victor: Theaius of Argos (wrestling)

Nemean 10. verse, trans. C. A. Wheelwright (1846)
Nemean 10. prose, trans. Ernest Myers (1874)

Nem. 11 :   B. C. 446 (?), Honor: Aristagoras of Tenedos (inauguration as Prytanis)

Nemean 11. verse, trans. C. A. Wheelwright (1846)
Nemean 11. prose, trans. Ernest Myers (1874)



  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 The numbering of the Isthmian odes varies among authors, depending upon the joining or separation of Isth. 3 and 4. For a discussion of this topic and the evidence supporting each view, see Appendix D in J. B. Bury (1892) The Isthmian Odes of Pindar. London: Macmillan and Co.