Greek (ελληνικά, IPA: [eliniˈka] or ελληνική γλώσσα, IPA: [eliniˈci ˈɣlosa]), an independent branch of the Indo-European family of languages, is the language of the Greeks. Native to the southern Balkans, it has the longest documented history of any Indo-European language, spanning 34 centuries of written records.— Excerpted from Greek language on Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
Greek literature refers to writings composed in areas of Greek influence, typically though not necessarily in one of the Greek dialects, throughout the whole period in which the Greek-speaking people have existed.— Excerpted from Greek literature on Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
This section only includes English translations of Greek texts, and works written in English. For texts in Greek, see Greek Wikisource.
The Greek language has been spoken in the Balkan peninsula since around the 3rd millennium BCE. Its writing system has been the Greek alphabet for most of its history, although Linear B and other systems were used previously.— Excerpted from Greek language on Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
Wikisource hosts copies of the following works on the Greek language:
Byzantine literature may be defined as the Greek literature of the Middle Ages, whether written within the territory of the Byzantine Empire or outside its borders. It forms the second period in the history of Greek literature, though popular Byzantine literature and early Modern Greek literature, which begin in the 11th century, are indistinguishable.— Excerpted from Byzantine literature on Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
Ancient Greek philosophy arose in the 6th century BCE and continued through the Hellenistic period to the time of the Roman Empire. Philosophy was used to make sense out of the world in a non-religious way. It dealt with many varied subjects, including logic, rhetoric, metaphysics, aesthetics, and ethics.