This work is in the public domain in the United States as it was first published after December 31, 2002 and the author died at least 70 years ago. This is a posthumous work and may be copyrighted in certain countries and areas, based on how many years after posthumous publication, rather than how many years after author's death.

This work may still be copyrighted in jurisdictions not applying the rule of the shorter term to U.S. works.

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This template categorises Author namespace pages into Category:Author-PD-old-US and all other pages into Category:PD-old-US.

Works first published after 2002 are in the public domain in the United States 70 years after the death of author.[1]


{{PD-old-US|year of author's death}}

This template is to be used when the author has died more than 70 years previously and the work was not published until January 1, 2003 or later.

Adding the year of the author's death is recommended but optional.

See also

Please note, there is also the {{PD-posthumous}} tag for posthumous works.


  1. Copyright Term and the Public Domain in the United States