CAMBRIDGE UNIVERSITY PRESS
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C. F. CLAY, Manager
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All rights reserved
John Hutton Balfour (1878)
A COLLECTION OF BIOGRAPHIES
BY LIVING BOTANISTS
F. W. OLIVER
at the University Press
PRINTED BY JOHN CLAY, M.A.
AT THE UNIVERSITY PRESS
The origin and scope of the present book will be found fully indicated in the Introduction, so that it is not needful to refer to them here. One change in the original scheme of the work has been made during its passage through the press, viz. the inclusion of an additional chapter from the pen of Prof. F. O. Bower dealing with the life of the late Sir Joseph Hooker. Our veteran botanist passed away on Dec. 10, 1911, in his 95th year, and in him botany loses its outstanding personality as well as its principal link with the past. The history of botany in this country during the Victorian period, when it comes to be written, must of necessity be woven around the life of this great man.
For the excellent index to the book the reader is indebted to Dr E. de Fraine, whose care and good judgment in this matter will be fully appreciated.
LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS
|PLATE||To face p.|
|Frontispiece. John Hutton Balfour (1878).|
|II.||Great Gate of the Physic Garden, Oxford||18|
|IV.||Nehemiah Grew (1701)||44|
|V.||Plate from Anatomy of Vegetables Begun, 1672||48|
|VI.||Facsimile of a page from The Comparative Anatomy of Trunks, Nehemiah Grew, 1675||52|
|VII.||From Grew's Anatomy. Sheweth the Parts of a Goosberry. Part of a Vine Branch cut transversly, and splitt half way downe ye midle||56|
|VIII.||Stephen Hales (1759)||65|
|IX.||Plate 18 from Hales's Vegetable Staticks||82|
|XI.||Robert Brown (circa 1856)||108|
|XII.||Sir William Jackson Hooker (1834)||126|
|XIII.||John Stevens Henslow (1851)||151|
|XV.||William Griffith (1843)||178|
|XVI.||From Griffith's Notulae. Median section of the ovule of Cycas. Nucellar apex of Cycas with pollen chamber and pollen grains||188|
|XVII.||William Henry Harvey||204|
|XVIII.||Miles Joseph Berkeley||225|
|XIX.||Joseph Henry Gilbert||233|
|XX.||Henry Witham of Lartington||243|
|XXI.||William Crawford Williamson (1876)||246|
|XXII.||Vascular system of stem of Lepidodendron selaginoides in transverse section||250|
|XXIII.||Root of Calamites (Astromyelon Williamsonis) in transverse section||254|
|XXIV.||Cone of Calamostachys Binneyana; sporangia and sporangiophores||256|
|XXV.||Harry Marshall Ward (1895)||261|
|XXVI.||Sir Joseph Dalton Hooker (1868)||302|
|Text-fig. p. 77. Figure from Vegetable Staticks showing a vine with mercury gauges in place to demonstrate root pressure.|