San Tzu Ching/Appendix 5

APPENDIX V.


[Another version of the interpolated lines. Author unknown.]


254a.

The Liao, Chin, and Yüan dynasties
Liao2

chin1

yüan2

Liao chin yüan


Liao see line 254A.

Chin see line 66.

Yüan see lines 94, 254E.


254b.

fought for the empire of the Sungs;
Chêng1

sung1

ting3

Contend sung tripod


Chêng see line 214.

Sung see line 227.

Ting is a picture of a two-handled tripod, the first specimen of which was cast in gold by the Great Yü (line 187) and was used by him to keep off hobgoblins during his engineering labours in the wilds. The word came to be used as a symbol of Imperial power.


254c.

and so time went on
T'ien1

yün4

huan2

Heaven revolve ring


T'ien see line 50.

Yün see line 60.

Huan is composed of 玉 jade as radical with a common phonetic. It means a bracelet or any kind of ring; hence it comes to be used as a verb.


254d.

until the reign of the Emperor Ping.
Chih4

ti4

ping3

Reach ruler ping


Chin see line 94.

Ti see line 180.

Ping is composed of 日 jih sun as radical, with 丙 ping a cyclical character as phonetic. It means glorious, but is here the personal name of the child Emperor, the last of the Sungs, who was drowned, together with his faithful Minister 陸秀夫 Lu Hsiu-fu, in A.D. 1279, in order to escape falling into the hands of the conquering Mongols.


254e.

Shih Tsu of the Yüan dynasty
Yüan1

shih4

tsu3

Yüan generation ancestor


Yüan see lines 94, 254E.

Shih see line 177.

Tsu see line 89. [Shih Tsu is the temple name of Kublai Khan, who reigned over China A.D. 1260–1294.]


254f.

was the first to actually occupy the throne;
Shih3

chêng4

wei4

Begin proper seat


Shih see line 134.

Chêng see line 326.

Wei is composed of 人 jen man as radical, with 立 li (line 306) as phonetic. See line 254e.

254g.

the dynasty lasting eighty-eight years,
Pa1

shih2

pa1

Eight ten eight


Pa see line 88.

Shih see line 45.

Pa see line 88. See line 254g.


254h.

with nine Emperors in all.
Kung3

chiu3

ti4

Together

nine

rulers


Kung is composed of 廿 ju or nien two tens joined together, with 廾 kung3 the hands folded in salutation. It was a radical in the Shuo Wên, but is now classed under radical 八 pa eight.

Chiu see line 33.

Ti see line 180.


254i.

A crowd of combatants arose,
Ch'ün2

hsiung2

ch'i3

Flock martial rise


Ch'ün see line 117.

Hsiung see line 210.

Ch'i see line 240.


254j.

of whom T'ai Tsu remained the conqueror.
T'ai4

tsu3

chêng1

Extreme ancestor vanquish


T'ai see line 254K.

Tsu see line 89. See 254j.

Chêng is composed of radical 彳 ch'ih to step with the left foot, with 正 chêng (line 326) as phonetic.


254k.

The dynasty was called the Ming,
Kuo2

hao4

ming2

State style ming


Kuo see line 155.

Hao see line 137.

Ming see line 110. See line 254j.


254l.

and the Mongol Emperor Shun fled.
Yüan2

shun4

pên1

Yüan shun fled


Yüan see lines 94, 254E.

Shun is composed of 頁 yeh head as radical, with 川 ch'uan streams as phonetic. It originally meant eternal principles, right, and has now come to signify flowing with, in accordance with, obedient to, etc., but is here the name given by the conquering Mings to Tohan Timur, the last Emperor of the Yüan or Mongol dynasty.

Pên was originally composed of 夭 yao calamity as radical, with 贲 pên or fên as phonetic. It is now classed under radical 十 shih ten.


254m.

When Ch'êng Tsu succeeded,
Ch'êng2

tsu3

chi4

Complete ancestor connect


Ch'êng see line 26.

Tsu see line 89. See 254m.

Chi see line 227.


254n.

he made two capitals.
Li4

liang3

ching1

Establish

two

city


Li see line 306.

Liang see line 226.

Ching see line 254O. See line 254n.


254o.

There were seventeen Emperors,
Shih2

ch'i1

chu3

Ten

seven

lord


Shih see line 45.

Ch'i see line 84.

Chu was originally the picture of an oil lamp or candlestick, with 丶 chu a flame, radical and phonetic, appearing above. It then came to signify lord, master, etc.


254p.

the line ending with Ch'ung Chêng.
Chih2

ch'ung2

chêng1

Stop

ch'ung

chêng


Chih see line 120.

Ch'ung see line 254Q.

Chêng see line 254Q.


254q.

The rebel Ch'uang threw everything into confusion,
Ch'uang3

tsei2

luan4

Ch'uang

rebel

confusion


Ch'uang see line 254s.

Tsei is composed of 戈 ho spear, its old radical, with 則 tsê (line 99) as phonetic. It means rebel, bandit, robber, and is now classed under radical 貝 pei valuables (line 161).

Luan see line 257.


254r.

and the prosperity of the Mings was exhausted.
Ming2

yün4

chieh2

Ming

fortune

exhaust


Ming see line 110.

Yün see line 60.

Chieh is composed of 立 li to establish as radical with 曷 ho how? what? etc. as phonetic.


254s.

Then valiant soldiers came on the scene,
Ta4

ping1

chih4

Great

soldier

arrive


Ta see line 127.

Ping is composed of 斤 chin an axe grasped by 廾 kung folded hands. It originally meant a weapon, and is now classed under radical 八 pa eight.

Chih see line 94.


254t.

and the rebels were forthwith extinguished.
Tsei2

sui2

mieh4

Rebels

follow

extinguish


Tsei see line 254q.

Sui is said to be the original form of 隋 sui (see 235).

Mieh see line 245.


254u.

Shun Chih mounted the throne,
Shun4

chih4

li4

Shun

chih

establish


Shun see line 254l.

Chih see line 257. [ Shun Chih was the year-title of the first Manchu-Tartar who actually reigned over China, A.D. 1644–1661.]

Li see line 306.


254v.

and his dynasty was called the Ta Ch'ing.
Hao4

ta4

ch'ing1

Style

great

pure


Hao see line 137.

Ta see line 127.

Ch'ing see line 254u.


254w.

Officials and people acknowledged his sway,
Ch'ên2

min2

fu2

Minister

people

submit


Ch'ên see line 54.

Min see line 344.

Fu was originally composed of 舟 chou boat as radical, with an obsolete word pronounced fu, and meaning to govern, as phonetic. It then meant to use, and is now classed under radical 月 yüeh moon.


254x.

and the empire was at peace.
T'ien1

hsia4

p'ing2

Heaven

below

level


T'ien see line 50.

Hsia see line 192.

P'ing see line 130.