Transactions and Proceedings of the New Zealand Institute/Volume 20








(Third of New Series)





Issued May, 1888.




Page 17, line 12, for "Trichophyra" read "Tricophyra."

Page 210, footnote, for "debilio" read "debilior."


The following has been received from Professor T. Jeffery Parker, as an addendum to his paper "On a Specimen of Regalecus recently stranded in Otago Harbour" (see pp. 20–29):—

I regret having missed hitherto an important figure and description of Regalecus by Mr. E. L. Layard, in the "Proceedings of the Zoological Society" for May 28th, 1868. The specimen is called Gymnetrus capensis (?) and was 10 feet 2 inches long. The ventral fins were perfect, and show both the terminal cutaneous expansion and the small dorsal lobe figured by Cuvier, at the junction of the middle and posterior thirds. The general features of tbe crest are correctly shown, and the pink spots on it are mentioned.

Everything seems to lead to the conclusion that most of the supposed species of Regalecus are identical, and that the more recent specific names (including argenteus) will have to give way, probably in favour of Ascanius's original name, glesne.



Art. I. On the Freshwater Infusoria of the Wellington District. By W. M. Maskell, F.R.M.S. 3–19
II. On a Specimen of Regalecus recently stranded in Otago Harbour. By T. Jeffery Parker, B.Sc, C.M.Z.S., Professor of Biology in the University of Otago 20–29
III. Ornithological Notes. By T. W. Kirk (of the Geological Survey Department) 29–31
IV. On a curious Parasite (Anthosoma smithii, Leach) from the Porbeagle Shark (Lamna cornubica). By T. W. Kirk 31–33
V. On the Occurrence of the Masked Plover (Lobivanellus personatas, Gould) in New Zealand. By T. W. Kirk 33–34
VI. Brief Description of a new Species of large Decapod (Architeuthis longimanus). By T. W. Kirk 34–39
VII. Note on the Female of Anas boschas assuming the Plumage of the Male. By Taylor White 39
VIII. A Description of a new Species of Coccinella found in New Zealand. By W. Colenso, F.R.S., F.L.S., etc. 40–42
IX. Note on the Rat that invaded Picton in March, 1884. By Professor F. W. Hutton, F.G.S. 43
X. Description of a new Land Shell from the Province of Nelson. By Professor F. W. Hutton 43–44
XI. Supplement to a Monograph of New Zealand Noctuina. By E. Meyrick, B.A., F.E.S. 44–47
XII. Notes on New Zealand Geometrina. By E. Meyrick 47–62
XIII. Notes on New Zealand Pyralidina. By E. Meyrick 62–73
XIV. Notes on New Zealand Tortricina. By E. Meyrick 73–76
XV. Descriptions of New Zealand Tineina. By E. Meyrick 77–106
XVI. On Henops brunneus, Hutton. By W. M. Maskell, F.R.M.S. 106–108
XVII. On new Species of Araneidea. By A. T. Urquhart 109–125
XVIII. Notes on Bats. By A. Reischek, F.L.S. 125–126
XIX. List of Fishes found round the Mokohinou Islands; their Spawning Time; and Observations regarding some of the Species. By F. S. Sandager 127–133
XX. Descriptions of new Species of New Zealand Araneæ. By P. Goyen 133–139
XXI. Notes on Amaurobioides maritima, Cambridge. By P. Goyen 140
XXII. Notes on the Three Kings Islands. By T. F. Cheeseman, F.L.S. 141–150
XXIII. On the Flora of the Kermadec Islands; with Notes on the Fauna. By T. F. Cheeseman 151–181
XXIV. On the Naturalized Dodders and Broom-rapes of New Zealand. By T. Kirk 182–185
XXV. Description of a new Species of Uncinia, Persoon. By D. Petrie, M.A., F.L.S. 185–186
XXVI. Rate of Growth of Transplanted Trees. By J. Baber, C.E. 186–187
XXVII. On new Phænogamic Plants of New Zealand. By William Colenso, F.R.S., F.L.S., etc. 188–211
XXVIII. On newly-discovered and imperfectly-known Ferns of New Zealand, with Critical Observations. By W. Colenso 212–234
XXIX. On new Indigenous Cryptogams, of the Orders Lycopodiacæe, Musci, and Hepaticæ. By W. Colenso 234–254
XXX. Botanical Notes. By J. Buchanan, F.L.S. 255
XXXI. On some Railway Cuttings in the Weka Pass. By Professor F. W. Hutton, F.G.S. 257–263
XXXII. On the Greensands of the Waihao Forks. By Professor F. W. Hutton 264–267
XXXIII. On some Fossils lately obtained from the Cobden Limestone at Greymouth. By Professor F. W. Hutton 267–269
XXXIV. On some ancient Rhyolites from the Mataura District. By Professor F. W. Hutton 269–271
XXXV. On a Leucophyre from the Selwyn Gorge. By Professor F. W. Hutton, F.G.S., and G. Gray, F.C.S., Lecturer on Chemistry at the School of Agriculture, Lincoln 271–274
XXXVI. On the Oxford Chalk Deposit, Canterbury, New Zealand. By Henry Wilson, B.A. 274–276
XXXVII. The Tarawera Eruption, 10th June, 1886 a Criticism of Professor Hutton's (and others') Explanations of the Causes of the Eruption. By J. Hardcastle 277–282
XXXVIII. On the Artesian Well System of Hawke's Bay. By H. Hill, B.A., F.G.S. 282–293
XXXIX. Pumice its Geological Distribution on the East Coast of the North Island of New Zealand, extending from Tologa Bay (38° 20′ S. lat.) to Cape Turnagain (40° 30′ S.). By H. Hill, B.A., F.G.S. 293–306
XL. Notes on the Volcanic Rocks of the Taupo District and King Country. By Professor A. P. W. Thomas, M.A., F.L.S. 306–311
XLI. Notes on the Rocks of the Kermadec Islands. By A. P. W. Thomas, M.A., F.L.S., Professor of Natural Science in the Auckland University College 311–315
XLII. Notes on the Physiography and Geology of the King Country. By Laurence Cussen 316–332
XLIII. Geological Notes on the Kermadec Group. By S. Percy Smith F.R.G.S. 333–344
XLIV. Minerals at Nelson. By H. P. Washbourne. 344–352
XLV. Ancient Alphabets in Polynesia. By E. Tregear, F.R.G.S. 353–368
XLVI. Polynesian Folk-lore.—Part II.: The Origin of Fire. By E. Tregear 369–399
XLVII. The Aryo-Semitic Maori: a Reply. By E. Tregear 400–413
XLVIII. On Maori Ancestry. By James Coutts Crawford, F.G.S. 414–418
XLIX. Ancient Tide-lore, and Tales of the Sea, from the two Ends of the World. By W. Colenso, F.R.S., F.L.S., etc. 418–422
L. Notes on the Derelict Ship in Facile Harbour, Dusky Bay. By T. M. Hocken, M.R.C.S., F.L.S. 422–428
LI. On a Stereoscopic Aspect of the Moon. By J. Hardcastle 428
LII. On the Etymology of the word "directus," in Plautus. By Professor F. W. Haslam, M.A. 429–430


Nineteenth Annual Report 433–434
Accounts 435


Anniversary Address. By Dr. F. B. Hutchinson, M.R.C.S. 439
Geological Specimens exhibited 439–440
Notes on Forestry. By J. S. Prendeville 440
Recent Explorations North of Chalky Sound, West Coast of Otago. By A. Reischek 441
Exploration of Dusky Sound by Mr. Docherty 442
On the Occurrence of Black Sulphur in the Native State. By Sir J. Hector 442
Remarks on Specimens collected by Professor Hutton from the Auriferous Deposit at Te Aroha 442
Exhibit of live Helices 443
On the Importance of Tide-gauges, and Description of a simple Tide-gauge invented by the Author. By Sir J. Hector 443–444
Extraordinary Discovery regarding Generation in Insects. W. M. Maskell, F.R.M.S. 444–445
Exhibit, illustrative of Propagation of Algaæ 445–446
Exhibit of a rare Diatom (Stauroneis fulmen) 446
Exhibit of Photograph of Prismatic Solar Spectrum on a Chlorophyl plate 446
Remarks on a Collection of Rocks from the Kermadec Islands, made by Captain Fairchild. By Sir J. Hector 446
On a small-sized Specimen of the Hapuka, Hectoria (Oligorus) gigas, Castelneau, caught in Wellington Harbour. By Sir J. Hector 446–447
Notice of a Giant Sun-fish (Orthagoriscus mola) cast ashore at Cape Campbell. By A. Hanson 447
Barbados, our earliest tropical Colony. By the Hon. J. W. Fortescue 447–448
On some deep-seated Fallacies. By W. W. Carlile, M.A. 448–449
Notice of a Discovery of Illuminating Gas. By J. C. Crawford, F.G.S. 449
On the Korotangi, or Stone Bird. By Major Wilson communicated by Mr. Tregear 450
On Red Deer and their Ways. By the Hon. J. W. Fortescue 450
On Earthquakes in New Zealand. By Sir J. Hector 450–452
Probable Discovery of the Physical Causation of Gravitation. By T. Wakelin, B.A. 452
On the Occurrence of Bismuthic Gold at the Owen Goldfields. By William Skey 453–454
On the General Association of Grains of Gold with Native Copper. By William Skey 454
On the Formation of Bismuthic Iodides of the Alkaloids. By William Skey 454
Complimentary Resolution to the President, Dr. Hutchinson 455
Annual Report and Accounts 455–456
Election of Officers 456
Some Moot Points in Mental Science. By W. W. Carlile, M.A. 456–457
On the Occurrence of Morchella esculenta. By T. Kirk, F.L.S. 457
On the Hessian Fly. By W. M. Maskell, F.R.M.S. 457
On Bladder Fluke in Rabbits. By Sir J. Hector 457
Description of a Collection of Maori Articles bequeathed to the Museum by Mr. C. O. Davis. By T. F. Cheeseman 458
On two new Species of Metaglymma. By Captain T. Broun 458
New Experiments on the Nature of Colour. By B. W. Betts 458
Pauperizing the People. By E. A. Mackechnie 458
The Extraction of Metals from their Ores. Ry Professor F. D. Brown 458
Notes on Hot Springs at Great Barrier Island. By C. P. Winkelmann 459
On the Nature of Government, with Special Reference to Property in Land. By J. Buchanan 459
Foods and Beverages. By J. A. Pond 459
New Genera and Species of Plant-eating Coleoptera. By Captain T. Broun 459
Personal Representation: a Modification of Hare's System. By Professor Aldis 459
Brains and Character. By Dr. Bond 459
New Species of Silphidæ. By Captain T. Broun 460
On the Age of the Deposits in Kent's Cavern, as an Index Age of Ethnological and Zoological Remains. By the Rev. Mr. Tebbs 460
The Whence of the Maori. By W. H. Blyth. 460
New Species of Pselaphidæ. By Captain T. Broun 460
Abstract of Annual Report 460–461
Election of Officers for 1888. 461
Election of a Councillor 462
Note on two Volcanic Rocks from near Westport. By Professor F. W. Hutton, F.G.S. 462
On Reason and Instinct. By the President 462
On Lord Shaftesbury's "Inquiry into Virtue" and the Utilitarian Theory of Morals. By W. Dinwiddie 463
On a Theory of Bird-flight. By J. Warburton communicated by Professor Hutton 464
Abstract of Annual Report 464
Election of Officers for 1888 464
Address In Memoriam Sir Julius von Haast. By the President 464
Description of a new Rowing Apparatus. By Max Muret 465
On the Middle Voice in the Latin Verb. By the Rev. H. Belcher, LL.D. 465
Notes of an Expedition to the Big Bay District. By R. Paulin 465
On Haworth's Patent Safety Cage. By G. J. Binns, F.G.S. 465
An Account of Recent Researches on the Pineal Gland and the Median Eye of Vertebrates. By T. Jeffery Parker 466
The History of the Otago Settlement. By Dr. Hocken 466
The Theatre of the Greeks. By the Rev. Dr. Belcher 466
Notes on New Zealand Crustacea. By G. M. Thomson, F.L.S 467
Notes on Additions to the Museum. By Professor T. Jeffery Parker 467
Abstract of Annual Report 468
Election of Officers for 1888 468
Address by the President 468
Abstract of Annual Report 469
Election of Officers for 1887–88 469
Notes on a Collection of Mineral Ores. By A. Hamilton 471
Notes on Exhibits. By W. Colenso, F.R.S. 471
On Olfactory Physics. By W. I. Spencer 471
A Jubilee Paper; or, Fifty Years in New Zealand. By W. Colenso, F.R.S. 471
On some Marine Invertebrates of Hawke's Bay. By A. Hamilton 471
Notes on Additions to the Museum. By A. Hamilton 472
Election of Officers for 1888 472
On the Structure of Matter. By A. Highton, B.A. 473
On the Tarawera Eruption. By W. S. Hamilton 473
Notes on Exhibits. By A. S. Atkinson 474
On a new Species of Dodder. By J. Meeson, B.A. 474
A few Suggestions on Matter and Energy. By W. Wells 474
Resolution to form a School of Mines 474
Notes on Natural History. By J. Martin, jun. 474
On a recent Ascent of Mount Arthur and Mount Peel. By Dr. Hudson 474
Measurable Vibrations in Fluids, as suggestive of those only conceivable in Ether. By G. Ashcroft 475
On Yeast. By Dr. Keyworth 475
Presentation to Museum 475
Notes of a Visit to the District affected by the Volcanic Eruption of 1886. By J. Holloway 475
The Genesis of Genius. By H. L. Twisleton 476
On a living Specimen of Lamprey. By R. T. Kingsley 476
On some curious Carvings on a Rock at Chatham Island. By T. H. Pott 476
Abstract of Annual Report 476
Election of Officers for 1887–88 476
Address by the President 476–478
A Few Experiences of Fijian Life. By W. E. Atkinson 478
On Graptolitidæ. By R. T. Kingsley 479


Meteorological Statistics for 1887 483
Notes on the Weather for 1887 484
Earthquakes reported in New Zealand during 1887 485
Honorary Members of the New Zealand Institute 486
Ordinary Members of the New Zealand Institute 487–499
Institutions and Individuals to whom this Volume is presented 500–503
Alphabetical Index 505–509

Errata et Addendum iii.
Contents v.–x.
List of Plates xi.
Board of Governors of the New Zealand Institute xiii.
Abstract of Rules and Statutes of the New Zealand Institute xiii.–xv.
Officers of Incorporated Societies, and Extracts from the Rules xvi.–xix.


Author TO FACE
I. Maskell et al.—Freshwater Infusoria 4
II. {{{1}}}{{{1}}}{{{1}}} 8
III. {{{1}}}{{{1}}}{{{1}}} 12
IV. {{{1}}}{{{1}}}{{{1}}} 16
V. Parker.Regalecus 24
VI. T. W. Kirk.Anthosoma smithii 32
VII. {{{1}}} Architenthis longimanus 38
VIII. {{{1}}}{{{1}}}{{{1}}}
IX. {{{1}}}{{{1}}}{{{1}}}
X. Maskell.Henops brunneus 108
XI. Urquhart.Araneidea 112
XII. Buchanan.Ranunculus tenuis 255
XIII. {{{1}}} Notothlaspi hookeri
XIV. Hutton.—Geology of Weka Pass 257
XV. Wilson.—Diagram 276
XVI. Hill.—Artesian Well System of Hawke's Bay 284
XVII. {{{1}}}
XVIII. {{{1}}} Map showing Distribution of Pumice 296
XIX. Cussen.—Map of Lake Taupo 320
XX. Tregear.—Specimens of Tattoo 353
XXI. Hocken.—Derelict Ship 425
XXII. Beischek.—Map of Recent Explorations 441