Sacred Books of the East


Sacred Books of the East
TRANSLATED BY
VARIOUS ORIENTAL SCHOLARS
AND EDITED BY
F. MAX MULLER
This Series is published with the sanction and co-operation of the Secretary of State for India in Council.



REPORT presented to the ACADÉMIE DES INSCRIPTIONS, May 11, 1883, by M. ERNEST RENAN.

'M. Renan présente trois nouveaux volumes de la grande collection des "Livres sacrés de l'Orient" (Sacred Books of the East), que dirige à Oxford, avec une si vaste érudition et une critique si sûre, le savant associé de l'Académie des Inscriptions, M. Max Müller. . . . La première série de ce beau recueil, composée de 24 volumes, est presque achevée. M. Max Müller se propose d'en publier une seconde, dont l'intérêt historique et religieux ne sera pas moindre. M. Max Müller a su se procurer la collaboration des savans les plus éminens d'Europe et d'Asie. L'Université d'Oxford, que cette grande publication honore an plus haut degré, doit tenir à continuer dans les plus larges proportions une œuvre aussi philosophiquement conçue que savamment exécutée.'

EXTRACT from the QUARTERLY REVIEW.

'We rejoice to notice that a second series of these translations has been announced and has actually begun to appear. The stones, at least, out of which a stately edifice may hereafter arise, are here being brought together. Prof. Max Müller has deserved well of scientific history. Not a few minds owe to his enticing words their first attraction to this branch of study. But no work of his, not even the great edition of the Rig-Veda, can compare in importance or in usefulness with this English translation of the Sacred Books of the East, which has been devised by his foresight, successfully brought so far by his persuasive and organising power, and will, we trust, by the assistance of the distinguished scholars he has gathered round him, be carried in due time to a happy completion.'

Professor E. HARDY, Inaugural Lecture in the University of Freiburg, 1887.

'Die allgemeine vergleichende Religionswissenschaft datirt von jenem grossartigen, in seiner Art einzig dastehenden Unternehmen, zu welchem auf Anregung Max Müllers im Jahre 1874 auf dem internationalen Orientalistencongress in London der Grundstein gelegt worden war, die Übersetzung der heiligen Bücher des Ostens' (the Sacred Books of the East).

The Hon. ALBERT S. G. CANNING, 'Words on Existing Religions.'

'The recent publication of the "Sacred Works of the East" in English is surely a great event in the annals of theological literature.'



Oxford
AT THE CLARENDON PRESS
LONDON: HENRY FROWDE
OXFORD UNIVERSITY PRESS WAREHOUSE, AMEN CORNER, E.C.


FIRST SERIES.

Vol. I. The Upanishads.

Translated by F. Max Müller. Part I. The Khândogya-upanishad, The Talavakâra-upanishad, The Aitareya-âranyaka, The Kaushîtaki-brâhmana-upanishad, and The Vâganeyi-samhitâ-upanishad. 8vo, cloth, 10s. 6d.

The Upanishads contain the philosophy of the Veda. They have become the foundation of the later Vedânta doctrines, and indirectly of Buddhism. Schopenhauer, speaking of the Upanishads, says: 'In the whole world there is no study so beneficial and so elevating as that of the Upanishads. It has been the solace of my life, it will be the solace of my death.'

[See also Vol. XV.]

Vol. II. The Sacred Laws of the Âryas,

As taught in the Schools of Âpastamba, Gautama, Vâsishtha, and Baudhâyana. Translated by Georg Bühler. Part I. Âpastamba and Gautama. 8vo, cloth, 10s. 6d.

The Sacred Laws of the Âryas contain the original treatises on which the Laws of Manu and other lawgivers were founded.

[See also Vol. XIV.]

Vol. III. The Sacred Books of China.

The Texts of Confucianism. Translated by James Legge. Part I. The Shû King, The Religious Portions of the Shih King, and The Hsiâo King. 8vo, cloth, 12s. 6d.

Confucius was a collector of ancient traditions, not the founder of a new religion. As he lived in the sixth and fifth centuries B.C. his works are of unique interest for the study of Ethology.

[See also Vols. XVI, XXVII, XXVIII, XXXIX, and XL.]

Vol. IV. The Zend-Avesta.

Translated by James Darmesteter. Part I. The Vendîdâd. 8vo, cloth, 10s. 6d.

The Zend-Avesta contains the relics of what was the religion of Cyrus, Darius, and Xerxes, and, but for the battle of Marathon, might have become the religion of Europe. It forms to the present day the sacred book of the Parsis, the so-called fire-worshippers. Two more volumes will complete the translation of all that is left us of Zoroaster's religion.

[See also Vols. XXIII and XXXI.]

Vol. V. Pahlavi Texts.

Translated by E. W. West. Part I. The Bundahis, Bahman Yast, and Shâyast lâ-shâyast. 8vo, cloth, 12s. 6d.

The Pahlavi Texts comprise the theological literature of the revival of Zoroaster's religion, beginning with the Sassanian dynasty. They are important for a study of Gnosticism.

Vols. VI and IX. The Qur'ân.

Parts I and II. Translated by E. H. Palmer. 8vo, cloth, 21s.

This translation, carried out according to his own peculiar views of the origin of the Qur'ân, was the last great work of E. H. Palmer, before he was murdered in Egypt.

Vol. VII. The Institutes of Vishnu.

Translated by Julius Jolly. 8vo, cloth, 10s. 6d.

A collection of legal aphorisms, closely connected with one of the oldest Vedic schools, the KaMas, but considerably added to in later time. Of importance for a critical study of the Laws of Manu.

Vol. VIII. The Bhagavadgitâ, with The Sanatsugâtiya, and The Anugitâ.

Translated by KAshinath Trimbak Telang. 8vo, cloth, 1 ox. 6d.

The earliest philosophical and religious poem of India. It has been paraphrased in Arnold's 'Song Celestial. 9

Vol. X. The Dhammapada,

Translated from Pdli by F. Max Muller; and

Vol. X The Sutta-Nipâta,

Translated from Pdli by V. Fausb5ll; being Canonical Books of the Buddhists. 8vo, cloth, 10s. 6d.

The Dhammapada contains the quintessence of Buddhist morality. The Sutta-Nipdta gives the authentic teaching of Buddha on some of the fundamental principles of religion.

Vol. XI. Buddhist Suttas. Translated from Pali by T. W. Rhys Davids, i. The Maha- parinibbana Suttanta; 2. The Dhamma-£akka-ppavattana Sutta. 3. The Tevi^a Suttanta; 4. The Akankheyya Sutta ; 5. The Ajetokhila Sutta; 6. The Maha-sudassana Suttanta; 7. The Sabbisava Sutta. 8vo, cloth, 10s. 6d. A collection of the most important religious, moral, and philosophical discourses taken from the sacred canon of the Buddhists. Vol. XII. The *Satapatha-Br£hma;/a, according to the Text of the M&dhyandina School. Translated by Julius Eggeling. Part I. Books I and II. 8vo, cloth, 1 2S. 6d. A minute account of the sacrificial ceremonies of the Vedic age. It contains the earliest account of the Deluge in India. [See also Vols. XXVI, XLL] Vol. XIII. Vinaya Texts. Translated from the Pali by T. W. Rhys Davids and Hermann Oldenberg. Parti. The Pitimokkha. The Mahavagga, I-1V. 8vo, cloth, 1 of. 6d. The Vinaya Texts give for the first time a translation of the moral code of the Buddhist religion as settled in the third century B. C. [See also Vols. XVII and XX.] Vol. XIV. The Sacred Laws of the Aryas, As taught in the Schools of Apastamba, Gautama, V4sish/£a, and Baudhayana. Translated by Georg Buhler. Part II. V&sish/fa and Baudhayana, 8vo, cloth, 10s. 6d. Vol. XV. The Upanishads. Translated by F. Max Mcller. Part II. The KaMa-upanishad, The Miua&ka-upanishad, The Taittirfyaka-upanishad, The Bnbadara«yaka-upanishad, The .SVetiLrvatara-upanishad, The Praj#a-upanishad, and The Maitrdya»a-br&hma«a-upanishad. 8vo, cloth, 1 os. 6d. Vol. XVI. The Sacred Books of China. The Texts of Confucianism. Translated by James Leggs. Part II. The Yi King. 8vo, cloth, 10s. 6d. [See also Vols. XXVII, XXVIII.] Vol. XVII. Vinaya Texts. Translated from the Pali by T. W. Rhys Davids and Hermann Oldenberg. Part II. The Mahavagga, V-X. The A'ullavagga, I— III. 8vo, cloth, 10s. 6d. Digitized by Google Vol. XVIII. Pahlavi Texts. Translated by E. W. West. Part II. The Dd^istdn-1 Dinfk and The Epistles of ManQ^thar. 8vo, cloth, i 2s. 6d. Vol. XIX. The Fo-sho-hing-tsan-king. A Life of Buddha by Ajvaghosha Bodhisattva, translated from Sanskrit into Chinese by Dharmaraksha, a.d. 420, and from Chinese into English by Samuel Beal. 8vo, cloth, 10s. 6d. This life of Buddha was translated from Sanskrit into Chinese, A.D. 420. // contains many legends, some of which show a certain similarity to the Evangelium infantiae, $c. Vol. XX. Vinaya Texts. Translated from the Pali by T. W. Rhys Davids and Hermann Oldenberg. Part III. The -ATullavagga, 1V-XII. 8vo, cloth, 1 os, 6d. Vol. XXI. The Saddharma-putfdkrika ; or, The Lotus of the True Law. Translated by H. Kern. 8vo, cloth, 12*. 6d. c The Lotus of the true Law,' a canonical book of the Northern Buddhists, translated from Sanskrit. There is a Chinese transla- tion of this book which was finished as early as the year 286 A.D. Vol. xxii. Gaina-Stitras. Translated from Prdkrit by Hermann Jacobi. Part I. The Aidringa-Sutra and The Kalpa-Sfttra. 8vo, cloth, 10s. 6d. The religion of the Gainas was founded by a contemporary of Buddha. It still counts numerous adherents in India, while there are no Buddhists left in India proper. Part II, in preparation. vol. XXIII. The Zend-Avesta. Translated by James Darmesteter. Part II. The Sfr6zahs, Yarts, and Ny&yir. 8vo, cloth, ioj. 6d. Vol. XXIV. Pahlavi Texts. Translated by E. W. West. Part III. Dfna-f Main6g- Khira*/, ilkand-gumSnlk Vi^&r, and Sad Dar. 8vo, cloth, 10s. 6d. Digitized by Google SACRED BOOKS OF THE EAST: SECOND SERIES, Vol. XXV. Manu. Translated by Georg Buhler. 8vo, cloth, 21s. This translation is founded on that of Sir William Jones, which has been carefully revised and corrected with the help of seven native Commentaries. An Appendix contains all the quotations from Manu which are found in the Hindu Law-books, translated for the use of the Law Courts in India. Another Appendix gives a synopsis of parallel passages from the six Dharma-s&tras, the other SmWtis, the Upanishads, the Mah&bharata, &c Vol. XXVI. The .Satapatha-Br&hma«a. Translated by Julius Eggeling. Part II. Books III and IV, 8vo, cloth, 12X. 6d. Vols. XXVII and XXVIII. The Sacred Books of China. The Texts of Confucianism. Translated by James Legge. Parts III and IV. The Li K, or Collection of Treatises on the Rules of Propriety, or Ceremonial Usages. 8vo, cloth, 12s. 6d. each. Vol. XXIX. The Grzhya-SAtras, Rules of Vedic Domestic Ceremonies. Part L «S£nkh&yana, Arvaliyana, P&raskara, Khddira. Trans- lated by Hermann Oldenberg. 8vo, cloth, 12s. 6d. These rules of Domestic Ceremonies describe the home life of the ancient Aryas with a completeness and accuracy unmatched in any other literature. Some of these rules have been incorporated in the ancient Law-books. Vol. XXX. The Grzhya-Stitras, Rules of Vedic Domestic Ceremonies. Part II. Gobhila, Hirawyakejin, Apastamba. Translated by Hermann Oldenberg. Apastamba, Ya^#a-paribh£sh&-s(ttras. Translated by F. Max Muller. 8vo, cloth, 12s. 6d. Vol. XXXI. The Zend-Avesta. Part III. The Yasna, Visparad, AfrfnagSn, Gsths, and Miscellaneous Fragments. Translated by L. H. Mills. 8vo, cloth, 1 2 s. 6d. Vol. XXXII. Vedic Hymns. Translated by F. Max Muller. Part I. 8vo, cloth, 18s. 6d. Page:Sacred Books of the East - Volume 49.djvu/471 Anecdota Oxontensia. ARYAN SERIES. Buddhist Texts from Japan. I. Va£TaA&4edik£ ; The Diamond-Cutter. Edited by F. Max Muller, M.A. Small 4to, 3J. 6d. One of the most famous metaphysical treatises of the Mahay&na Baddhists. Buddhist Texts from Japan, II. Sukh&vatl-Vyftha : Description of Sukh&vati, the Land of Bliss. Edited by F. Max Muller, M.A., and Bunyiu Nanjio. With two Appendices : (1) Text and Translation of Sanghavarman s Chinese Version of the Poetical Portions of the Sukh&vatf- Vyuha ; (2) Sanskrit Text of the Smaller Sukh&vatf-Vyuha. Small 4to, 7x. 6d. The editio princets of the Sacred Book of one of the largest and most influential sects of Buddhism, numbering more than ten millions of followers in Japan alone. Buddhist Texts from Japan. III. The A ncient Palm- Leaves containing the Pra^»£-P&ramit£-Hralaya- Sfltra and the Ush«Isha-Vi£aya-Dh£ra#l. Edited by F. Max Muller, M.A., and Bunyiu Nanjio, M.A. With an Appendix by G. Buhler, CLE. With many Plates. Small 4to f ioj. Contains facsimiles of the oldest Sanskrit MS. at present known. Dharma-Saf&graha, an Ancient Collection of Buddhist Technical Terms. Prepared for publication by Kenjiu Kas*wara, a Buddhist Priest from Japan, and, after his death, edited by F. Max Muller and H. Wenzel. Small 4to, 7*. 6d. Kdty&yana's Sarvdnukramawt of the -ffzgveda. With Extracts from Sha*/gurimshya's Commentary entitled Vedarthadipika. Edited by A. A. Macdonell, M.A., Ph.D. 16s. Oxford AT THE CLARENDON PRESS LONDON : HENRY FROWDE OXFORD UNIVERSITY PRESS WAREHOUSE, AMEN CORNER, E.C. Digitized by Google


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Original:

This work was published before January 1, 1925, and is in the public domain worldwide because the author died at least 100 years ago.

 
Translation:

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