The Zoologist/4th series, vol 2 (1898)

THE ZOOLOGIST:

A MONTHLY JOURNAL

OF

NATURAL HISTORY.


FOURTH SERIES.—VOL. II.


EDITED BY

W.L. DISTANT

LONDON:

WEST, NEWMAN, & CO., 54, HATTON GARDEN.
SIMPKIN, MARSHALL, & CO., Ltd.


1898.

Zoologist2376 0006.jpg

PREFACE.

A Preface to the yearly volume of 'The Zoologist' pertains to an annual stock-taking, for it must be judged largely by our contributors' additions to zoological knowledge.

The Mammalia have received special attention. The paper by Prof. J.C. Ewart on "Zebra-Horse Hybrids" may prove to be of an epoch-making nature both in Africa and India. The Indian fauna has again asserted its interest, while Mr. Oldfield Thomas has proposed a canon of nomenclature for British mammals. On the species of our own fauna many valuable notes have appeared.

The class Aves still remains the favourite study of very many of our contributors, and our pages have again contained new facts in British Ornithology. Mr. Ernst Hartert has called attention to an "hitherto overlooked British bird" in a Marsh Tit, Parus salicarius, Brehm. The presence of the White Wagtail (Motacilla alba) in Ireland, the Pectoral Sandpiper (Tringa maculata) in Norfolk and Kent, the Barred Warbler (Sylvia nisoria) in Lincolnshire, the continued visitation of the Melodious Warbler (Hypolais polyglotta) in South Devon, and the nesting of the Nightingale so far west as Wells in Somerset, are among some of the many avian records we have received and published.

Reptilia and Pisces have not been neglected, and we are glad to see the Crustacea more prominent on our literary menu. The Stalk-eyed Crustacea of Great Yarmouth, and the Malacostracous Crustacea of a section of Australia have been detailed; while a note on "The Struggle for Existence among Hermit Crabs" shows the vast interest attaching to observations on the lives of these creatures. The same remark applies to the Arachnida, on which, as found in South Africa, more than one contribution has appeared.

When we turn to the many classes of animals still practically ignored in our pages, we are reminded of the yet unexplored areas in animal bionomics which it is the self-constituted province of 'The Zoologist' to explore. This Journal has always, and will always, seek to understand the economy of animal life, and endeavour to reveal the polity and life-secrets of our fellow-creatures—using that term in its wider and zoological sense. We may on this point quote the words of Emerson:—"I hold an actual knowledge very cheap. Hear the rats in the wall, see the lizard on the fence, the fungus under foot, the lichen on the log. What do I know sympathetically, morally, of either of these worlds of life?"

The Editor, in his annual acknowledgment to his contributors, trusts to their renewed acquaintance during the succeeding year—the fin de siècle—with all best wishes to them, belief in the future of the science we study, and hope in a renewed value and usefulness of our next volume.

Tit

Contents of Issues

Contents of The Zoologist, 4th series, vol. 2 (1898)
PAGE
 
Issue 679 (January, 1898)
Pollok, Colonel Indian Wild Cattle—the Tsine and the Gaur (miscalled Bison) 1
Witchell, Charles A. The Voice-registers of Birds 11
Pocock, R.I. Stridulation in some African Spiders 14
Notes and Queries 22
Notices of New Books 32
Editorial Gleanings 39
 
Issue 680 (February, 1898)
Ewart, J.C. On Zebra-Horse Hybrids 49
Southwell, Thomas Notes on the Seal and Whale Fishery, 1897 69
Cockerell, T.D.A. The Insect Visitors of Flowers in New Mexico—I 78
Notes and Queries 82
Notices of New Books 89
Editorial Gleanings 91
 
Issue 681 (March, 1898)
Thomas, Oldfield The Technical Names of British Mammals 97
Butler, Arthur G. On Sexual Differences in the Feathering of the Wing of the Sky Lark (Alauda arvensis) 104
Gurney, J.H. Ornithological Notes from Norfolk for 1897 106
Hartert, Ernst A Hitherto Overlooked British Bird 116
Friend, Rev. Hilderic Notes on British Annelids 119
Notes and Queries 122
Notices of New Books 132
Editorial Gleanings 138
 
Issue 682 (April, 1898)
Clarke, W.G. The Wretham Meres 145
Pollok, Colonel F.T. A Chat about Indian Wild Beasts 154
Patterson, Arthur Some Notes on the Stalk-eyed Crustacea of Great Yarmouth 178
Notes and Queries 187
 
Issue 683 (May, 1898)
Aplin, O.V. Stoats turning white in winter 193
Witchell, Charles A. Notes on the Breeding of the Chaffinch 195
Salter, J.H. Ornithological Notes from Mid-Wales 198
Stead, David G. Notes on the Habits of some of the Australian Malacostracous Crustacea 202
Notes and Queries 213
Notices of New Books 221
Editorial Gleanings 229
 
Issue 684 (June, 1898)
Butler, Arthur Gardiner On the first Primary in certain Passerine birds 241
Warren, Robert White Wagtail (Motacilla alba) in Ireland 245
Distant, W.L. Zoological Rambles in the Transvaal 249
Notes and Queries 261
Notices of New Books 277
Editorial Gleanings 283
 
Issue 685 (July, 1898)
Meyrick, E Moths and their Classification 289
Patterson, Arthur The Mammalia of Great Yarmouth and its Immediate Neighbourhood 299
Cockerell, T.D.A. The Insect Visitors of Flowers in New Mexico.—II 311
Obituary: Osbert Salvin 315
Notes and Queries 317
Notices of New Books 324
Editorial Gleanings 330
 
Issue 686 (August, 1898)
Macpherson, Rev. H.A. William Turner, the Father of British Zoology 337
Cordeaux, John Migration at the Spurn Lighthouse in 1897–98 345
Grabham, Oxley Rough Nesting Notes from Yorkshire 349
Notes and Queries 356
Notices of New Books 369
Editorial Gleanings 373
 
Issue 687 (September, 1898)
Distant, W.L. Biological Suggestions. Assimilative Colouration, Part 1 377
Witchell, Charles A. The Autumn Song of Birds 410
Notes and Queries 413
 
Issue 688 (October, 1898)
Marshall, Guy A.K. Notes on the South African Social Spiders (Stegodyphus) 417
Stebbing, Thomas R.R. Zoological Nomenclature. Remarks on the Proposed International Code 423
Notes and Queries 429
Notices of New Books 443
Editorial Gleanings 446
 
Issue 689 (November, 1898)
Distant, W.L. Biological Suggestions. Assimilative Colouration, Part 2 453
Sclater, P.L. The Birds of the Riffelalp, Canton Valais, Switzerland 474
Notes and Queries 477
Editorial Gleanings 487
 
Issue 690 (December, 1898)
Backhouse, J. Occurence of Natterer's Bat in North Wales 493
Davies, Basil Varying Fecundity in Birds 495
Distant, W.L. "The Leathery Turtle" (Dermochelys coriacea) 500
Notes and Queries 503
Notices of New Books 510
Editorial Gleanings 516

CONTENTS.

ALPHABETICAL LIST OF CONTRIBUTORS.

Alexander, Boyd
Little Gull in Kent, 216
Aplin, O.V., F.L.S., M.B.O.U.
"Horse-match" a name for the Red-backed Shrike, 188; Stoats turning white in winter, 193
Archibald, Charles F.
Spotted Crake in Furness, 479
Armistead, J.J.
Wagtails eating Trout, 82; Hobby nesting in Hants, 83; Scoters in summer, 414; Ivory Gull on the Solway, 414
Backhouse, J., F.L.S.
Occurrence of Natterer's Bat in North Wales, 493
Balston, R.J.
Breeding of the Gannet, 319
Bankes, A.
Crossbills in Hants, 505
Baring, A.H.
Albinic example of Long-tailed Bat, 261
Barrett-Hamilton, G.E.H.
Stoats turning white in winter, 122
Benson, Rev. Charles W., LL.D.
The song of the Chaffinch, 269; The Whinchat in Co. Dublin, 356; The birds of the Riffelalp, 506
Blathwayt, F.L.
Ornithological notes from Sark, 274; Bird notes from the Northern Cairngorms, 362
Bolam, George
Popular fallacies concerning the Cuckoo, 85
Borrer, William, M.A., F.L.S.
Conduct of a Rabbit when pursued by a Dog, 413
Boulsover, William
Pale-coloured Dipper, 23
Bradshaw, George W.
Common Roller in Sussex, 24; Canada Goose near Dungeness, 216; Woodchat Shrike in Sussex, 267
Bucknill, John A.
"Horse-match" a name for the Red-backed Shrike, 266
Butler, A.G., Ph.D., F.L.S., F.Z.S.
On Sexual differences in the feathering of the wing of the Sky Lark, 104; On the first primary in certain Passerine birds, 241
Butler, Arthur Geo., M.B. Lond.
On the first primary in certain Passerine birds, 241
Butler, Lieut.-Col. E.A.
Little Bustard in Norfolk, 125; Stoats turning white in winter, 187
Butterfield, W. C. J. Ruskin
Note on the Petrel, Oceanodroma castro (Harcourt), 320
Cambridge, Rev. O. Pickard
Immigration of the Song Thrush, 264
Campbell, Bruce
List of birds observed in the District of Moffat, Dumfriesshire, from October, 1896, to February, 1897, 507
Carter, Thomas
The Sanderling in Australia, 83
Clarke, W. G.
The Wretham Meres, 145
Clarke, W.J.
Notes from Scarborough, 28; Stoats turning white in winter, 187; Yarrell's Blenny and the Two-Spotted Goby at Scarborough, 191; Badgers near Scarborough, 213; Ornithological notes from Scarborough, 219; Notes on the habits of Python molurus in confinement, 436; Short Sunfish near Scarborough, 439
Coburn, F.
Brood of young Starlings in mid-November, 24; Brent Goose in Warwickshire, 24; Ferruginous Duck in Ireland, 25; Corncrake in December, 25; Stoats turning white in winter, 213; Meadow Pipits perching on trees, 214
Cockerell, T.D.A.
The insect visitors of flowers in New Mexico, 78, 311
Collett, R., Prof.
On the reported summer appearance of two species of birds in Lapland, 25
Comber, Alfred T.
Hawfinch near Reigate Railway Station, 188
Corbin, G.B.
Brambling in Hants, 123; Roughlegged Buzzard near Ringwood, 124; Nesting of the Hobby in Hants, 125; Stoats turning white in winter, 261; Otters in South-western Hampshire, 262; Crossbills in South-western Hampshire in 1898, 482
Cordeaux, John, F.R.G.S., M.B.O.U.
Food of the Barn Owl, 215; Disappearance of the Lapwing in North Lincolnshire, 272; Migration at the Spurn Lighthouse in 1897–98, 345; Occurrence of the Fork-tailed Petrel on the Yorkshire coast, 362
Corrie, Adam J.
Adder swallowing its young, 485
Crawshay, William T.
Rooks feeding on Elvers, 270
Crossman, Alan Fairfax
Scaup in Bedfordshire, 319; Alleged Kentish Plover in Bedfordshire, 320; Birds of Hertfordshire, 506
Davenport, H.S.
Popular ornithological fallacies, 27; Cuckoos sucking eggs, 87; Breeding sites of Chaffinch and Willow Warbler, 214; The protection of wild birds and their eggs, 322; Spotless eggs of the Spotted Flycatcher, 359; The so-called St. Kilda Wren, 413; A Cuckoo's economy in question, 430; Dr. Saxby and the breeding of the Turnstone, 435; Irregular nesting sites, 480
Davies, Basil
Varying fecundity in birds, 495
Distant, W.L.
Notes on the Nestor notabilis, or Kea Parrot, of New Zealand, 217; Zoological rambles in the Transvaal, 249; Cicada attacked by Mantis, 275; Southerly extension of the East African butterfly fauna, 276; Toad attacked by a Frog, 323; Biological suggestions—assimilative colouration, 377, 451; "The Leathery Turtle" (Dermochelys coriacea), 500; Involuntary migration, 508
Dresser, H.E., F.L.S., F.Z.S.
Rare Partridges in Leadenhall Market, 215
Duncan, A.
Mode of progression among Millipedes, 365
D'Urban, W.S.M.
Date of arrival of House Martin, 433
Elliott, J. Steele
On the nesting of the Spotted Flycatcher, 358
Ewart, J.C, Prof., F.R.S.
On Zebra-Horse hybrids, 49
Farman, Last C.
Winter notes from Haddiscoe, 26
Fowler, W. Warde
Tree Pipit in January, 122; Rooks and buttercup bulbs, 124; On the date of arrival of the House Martin, 267; The Marsh Warbler in Oxfordshire, 356
Freston, Henry W.
Asagena phalerata at Grasmere, 440; Epeira diadema courtship, 440
Friend, Rev. Hilderic
Notes on British Annelids, 119
Godfrey, F.R.
Some notes on the Nestor notabilis, or Kea Parrot, of New Zealand, 216
Goldsmith, H.S.B.
Early nesting of the House Sparrow, 123
Grabham, Oxley, M.A., M.B.O.U.
Rough nesting notes from Yorkshire, 349; Large Bank Vole in Kent, 477; Economy of the Cuckoo, 478; Late nesting of the Corn Bunting, 485; Food of the Redwing, 504; Phasianus colchicus in Yorkshire, 505
Gurney, J.H., F.L.S., F.Z.S.
Ornithological notes from Norfolk for 1897, 106
Haigh, G.H. Caton
Water Pipit in Carnarvonshire, 187; Meadow Pipit perching on trees, 266; Barred Warbler in Lincolnshire, 504
Hammond, W. Oxenden
Jumping beans, 441
Hartert, Ernst, Dir. Z. Mus. Tring
A hitherto overlooked British bird, 116
Hewett, William
Nesting habits of the Moorhen, 505
Horsbrugh, Charles Bethune
Nesting of the Hobby in Hants, 24; Nesting of the Greater Spotted Woodpecker near Bath, 318; Birds singing during thunderstorm, 322; Preservation of zoological specimens, 366; Late stay of Swift, 436
Kelsall, Rev. J.E.
The Mammalia of Hampshire, 429
Kidner, H. Ratcliff
Birds which nest in London, 273
King, C. Meade
Birds which nest in London, 189
Langdale, Rev. H. Marmaduke
Late stay of Swift, 485
Lewis, Stanley
Nightingale nesting at Wells, Somerset, 317; Nesting of the Greater Spotted Woodpecker at Wells, Somerset, 319; Swallow versus Flycatcher's peculiar nesting site, 429; Notes on the nesting of the Nuthatch, 480
Macpherson, A. Holte
Hybrid Finches at the Crystal Palace Show, 188; Birds which nest in London, 272
Macpherson, Rev. H.A., M.A.
Varieties of the Red Grouse, 125; William Turner, the father of British Zoology, 337; Mallard and Pintail interbreeding in captivity, 361; Sea Lamprey in Cumberland, 365
Marshall, Guy A.K., F.E.S.
Spider versus Wasp, 29; Notes on the South African Social Spiders, 417
Mathew, Rev. Murray A., M.A.
Melodious Warblers in South-east Devon, 265
Meyrick, E., B.A., F.Z.S., F.E.S.
Moths and their classification, 289
Morley, John
Variety of the Common Guillemot, 25
Newman, J.L.
Pectoral Sandpiper in Norfolk, 25; Parasites in birds, 415
Oldham, Charles
Daubenton's Bat in the Conway Valley, 317, 368
Page, W.T.
Notes on the Chaffinch, 270; Birds in London, 273
Patterson, Arthur
Malformed Codfish, 130; Some notes on the Stalk-eyed Crustacea of Great Yarmouth, 178; Notes from Great Yarmouth, 219, 364, 508; Meristic variation in the Edible Crab, 220; The Mammalia of Great Yarmouth and its immediate neighbourhood, 299; Porpoises at Great Yarmouth, 504
Payne, J.W.
At what hour of the day do birds mostly lay their eggs? 84; Breeding range of the Scaup-Duck, 361
Percival-Westell, W.
Scoters in Hants and Isle of Wight, 505
Playne, Herbert C.
On the reported summer appearance of two species of birds in Lapland, 84; Ornithological notes from Corsica—correction, 275
Pocock, R.I.
Stridulation in some African Spiders, 14
Pollok, Colonel F.T.
Indian Wild Cattle—the Tsine and the Gaur (miscalled Bison), 1; The Indian Hispid Hare (Lepus hispidus), 22; A Chat about Indian wild beasts, 154
Potter, E.G.
Eggs of the Roseate Tern, 83
Power, F.D.
When does the House Martin arrive? 317
Ralfe, P.
Notes from the Isle of Man (1897), 321
Ramsbotham, R.H.
Abundance of Crossbills in the Severn Valley, 124
Read, Robert H.
Birdsnesting in August, 415
Renshaw, Graham
Experiments on the colours of the Nonpareil Finch, 23; Existing specimens of Equus quagga, 213; Notes on Batrachians—Frog attacking Toad, 365; Abnormal eyes of Hyla arborea and Bombinator igneus, 486
Riviere, Bernard B.
Ornithological notes at Alum Bay, Isle of Wight, 218
Roberts, T. Vaughan
Kites in Wales, 271
Rope, G.T.
Chickens reared by Partridges, 189; Notes on the Bank Vole, 503
Roué, W. Barrett
Coition of birds in the air, 415
Rufford, P.
The struggle for existence among Hermit Crabs, 131; Abnormal scalariformity in shells, 191
Russell, Harold
The Kingfisher in Surrey, 82; The so-called St. Kilda Wren, 482
Salter, J.H.
Ornithological notes from Mid-Wales, 198
Saunders, Howard, F.L.S., F.Z.S.
The Cirl Bunting in Wales, 505
Sclater, P.L., M.A., Ph.D., F.R.S.
The Birds of the Riffelalp, Canton Valais, Switzerland, 474
Sim, George
Fishes of Great Yarmouth, 88
Smith, G.W.
Ornithological notes from Mid-Hants (1897), 126
Southwell, Thomas, F.Z.S.
Notes on the Seal and Whale Fishery (1897), 69; Centrolophus pomphilus on Norfolk coast, 364
Stead, David G.
Notes on the habits of some of the Australian Malacostracous Crustacea, 202
Stebbing, Rev. Thomas R.R., M.A., F.R.S., F.L.S., F.Z.S.
Zoological Nomenclature, remarks on the proposed international code, 423
Swainson, Capt. E.A.
Cirl Bunting in Breconshire, 478
Teesdale, John H.
Montagu's Harrier breeding in Ireland—correction, 24; The Insectivora and Rodentia of Northumberland, 264
Thomas, Oldfield, F.Z.S.
The technical names of British Mammals, 97; The scientific names of the Badger and the Common Vole, 263
Ticehurst, N.F.
Pectoral Sandpiper in Kent, 480
Tuck, Rev. Julian G., M.A.
Polecat in Suffolk, 22, 122, 503; Bank Vole in Suffolk, 122; Economy of the Cuckoo, 477; Owls and Kestrels, 505
Warren, Robert
White Wagtail in Ireland, 245; Iceland Gull in Co. Sligo in summer, 320
Whitaker, J.
Varieties of Green Plover, &c, 482; Scoters in Notts, 482; Heron nest of wire, 484; Great Skua in Notts, 485
Wilson, William
Cuckoo questions, 270; Appearance of migrants in Aberdeenshire in 1898, 275; Cuckoos recently observed in Aberdeenshire, 359; Cuckoos in 1898, 431
Winton, William E. de
Birds which nest in London, 216
Witchell, Charles A.
The Voice-registers of birds, 11; Notes on the breeding of the Chaffinch, 195; The autumn song of birds, 410

ALPHABETICAL LIST OF SUBJECTS.

Abraxas grossulariata, 380

Acacia giraffæ, 461

Accentor alpinus, 475; modularis, 190, 507

Accipiter nisus, 508

Acidalidæ, 290

Acipenser sturio, 144

Acræa violæ, 283

Acredula rosea, 507

Acridium cœrulescens, 458; germanicum, 457, 458; purpuriferum, 419

Acrocephalus palustris, 356; phragmitis, 190, 272; streperus, 190

Adder swallowing its young, 485

Aegeriadæ, 293

Ægialitis cantiana, 320; hiaticula, 364

Agonus cataphractus, 28

Agrotis lucernea, 456

Alauda arborea, 275; arvensis, 104, 273, 508

Alcedo ispida, 82, 508

Alcelaphus cokei, 460

Alligator in Florida, 286

Alope palpalis, 211

Alopecias vulpes, 508

Alpheus edwardsii, 210

Amauris dominicanus, 254

Ampelis garrulus, 219

Amphidasys betularia, 456

Anas boscas, 190, 361, 364, 508

Animals, noxious, of New South Wales, 140; Wild, price of, 234

'Annals and Magazine of Natural History,' new Editor, 39

Annelids, British, notes on, 119

Annomanes regulus, 458

Anser erythropus, 26, 91; ruficollis, 91; segetum, 91

Antarctic Expedition, British, 492

Anthodiæta collaris, nest, 418

Anthus pratensis, 214, 266, 430; spinoletta, 475; spipoletta, 187; trivialis, 122

Aquaria and Vivaria, 40

Aquaria at Odessa, 41

Ardea cinerea, 508

Argiope, 30

Asagena phalerata at Grasmere, 440

Asia, Central, scientific expedition to, 235

Assimilative colouration, 377, 453

Astacopsis serratus, 209

Astacidæ, 236

Asturinula monogrammica, 257

Auk, Great, census of remains, to Aug. 1898, 518

Australia, Sanderling in, 83; Western, journey across the great deserts, 94; Malacostracous Crustacea, 202

Avicola agrestis, 264; amphibius, 264; glareolus, 264

Aviculariidæ, 14

Badger, scientific name, 263

Badgers near Scarborough, 213

Balæna biscayensis, 308

Balænoptera musculus, 308; rostrata, 309

Barbastella barbastellus, 100

Bat, Daubenton's, in Conway Valley, 317, 368; Long-eared, albinic, 261; Natterer's, in North Wales (Plate IV.), 493

Batrachians, notes on, 365

Beans, jumping, 441

Beasts, Indian Wild, 154

Belone vulgaris, 28

Bernicla brenta, 24, 25, 84; canadensis, 216

Bidens cernua, 406

Biological suggestions—assimilative colouration, 377, 453

Bird, British, hitherto overlooked, 116; notes from Cairngorms, 362

Birds, voice-registers of, 11; of Devonshire, 39; sale of, belonging to the late Mr. R. Ashby, 45; usual time of egg-laying? 84; of London, 91, 189, 216, 272, 273; British, Catalogue of Connop collection, 96; osteology of, 138; sagacity among, 217; Passerine, first primary in certain, 241; destruction of, and destructive insects, in France, 285; singing during thunderstorm, 322; Wild, and their eggs, protection of, 322, 449; of Bowdoin Bay, 374; autumn song, 410; coition in the air, 415; parasites in, 415; of Riffelalp, Valais, Switzerland, 474, 506; of Hertfordshire, 506; of Moffat, Dumfriesshire, 507

Birds' feathers, trade in, 233

Birdsnesting in August, 415

Blenny, Yarrell's, at Scarborough, 191

Boa Constrictors of British Guiana, 232

Books Noticed:

With Nature and a Camera, by Richard Kearton and Cherry Kearton, 32
Observations on the Colouration of Insects, by Brunner von Wattenwyl, 34
The life of Sir Stamford Raffles, by Demetrius Charles Boulger, 35
All about Animals, 37
Wild Traits in Tame Animals, being some Familiar Studies in Evolution, by Louis Robinson, 89
A Text-Book of Zoology, by T. Jeffery Parker and William A. Haswell, 132
A History of Fowling, being an Account of the many curious devices by which Wild Birds are or have been captured in different parts of the World, by Rev. H.A. Macpherson, 134
Elephant-Hunting in East Equatorial Africa, by Arthur H. Neumann, 137
Audubon and his Journals, by Maria B. Audubon, with zoological and other Notes by Elliott Coues, 221
Life and Letters of Alexander Goodman More, with selections from his Zoological and Botanical Writings, edited by B. Moffat, with a Preface by Francis M. More, 223
A Sketch of the Natural History (Vertebrates) of the British Islands, by F.G. Aflalo, 225
The Mammals, Reptiles, and Fishes of Essex, by Henry Laver, 227
Hints on the Management of Hawks, to which is added Practical Falconry, by James Edmund Harting, 228
Essays on Museums and other subjects connected with Natural History, by Sir William H. Flower, 277
A Student's Text-Book of Zoology, by Adam Sedgwick, 279
Birds in London, by W.H. Hudson, 281
The Angora Goat, and a Paper on the Ostrich, by S.C. Cronwright Schreiner, 324
Elementary Practical Zoology, by Frank E. Beddard, 326
Ackworth Birds, being a List of Birds of the District of Ackworth, Yorkshire, by Major Walter B. Arundel, 327
A Pictorial and Descriptive Guide to the Lake District, 328
The Fauna of British India, including Ceylon and Burma—Birds, by W.T. Blanford, 369
Bird Neighbours, by Neltje Blanchan, 370
The Birds of Montreal, 372
A Classification of Vertebrata, Recent and Extinct, by Hans Gadow, 443
The Trout, by the Marquess of Granby, Col. F.H. Custance, and Alexander Innes Shand, 444
The Structure and Classification of Birds, by Frank E. Beddard, 510
Text-Book of Zoology, by H.G. Wells and A.M. Davies, 511
The Wonderful Trout, by J.A. Harvie-Brown, 513
Faune de France, contenant la description des espèces indigènes disposées en tableaux analytiques et illustrée de figures représentant les types caractéristiques des genres, par A. Acloque, 514

Bombinator igneus, abnormal eyes of, 486

Bos gaurus, 1, 2; sondaicus, 1

Brambling in Hants, 123

Branchiura sowerbii, 120

Breeding of Garganey in Hants, 126; sites of Chiffchaff, 214, 270,—Willow Warbler, 214; of Dragonet, 231; of Gannet, 319; range of Scaup-Duck, 361; of Turnstone, Dr. Saxby on, 435

Brood of young Starlings in mid-November, 24

"Brusher Mills," snake-charmer, 492

Bubalis caama,461; lichtensteini, 461

Buceros bicornis, 379

Buchanga assimilis, 256

Buckland, Frank, collection, 520

Buffalo, the last, in Manitoba, 373

Bufo vulgaris, 323, 365

Bunting, Cirl, in Breconshire, 748,—in Wales, 505; Corn, late nesting, 485

Bustard, Little, in Norfolk, 125

Buteo lagopus, 124

Buzzard as foster-parent, 491; Roughlegged, near Ringwood, 124

Caccabis magna, 215

Cælopa frigida, 457

Cairngorms, Northern, bird notes from, 362

Calidris arenaria, 83

Callianassa sp.?, 208

Callionymus lyra, 231

Caltha minor, 406; palustris, 406

Cambarus diogenes, 237

Cancer pagurus, 181, 220

Canis ægypticus, 470; latrans, 470; mesomelas, 470

Capreolus capreolus, 101

Caradrinina, 297

Carassius auratus, 140

Carcharias glaucus, 508

Carcinus mænas, 182

Carduelis elegans, 507

Carelophus ascanii, 191

Cariacus, 407

Catalogue of Birds, British Museum, completion of, 516

Cattle, Indian Wild, 1

Centipede, South European, at Colchester, 489

Centrolophus pomphilus on Norfolk coast, 364

Centropus senegalensis, 258

Ceratothoa trigonocephola, 211

Certhia familiaris, 507

Cervulus, 407

Cervus, 407; dama, 101; elaphus, 101,—gigantic antlers, 229

Ceryle rudis, 258

Chasmagnathus lævis, 206

Chætogaster limnæi, 192

Chaffinch, notes on breeding of, 195, 270; song, 195, 270, 269

Charadrius pluvialis, 508

Charaxes varanes, 254

Charybdis cruciatus, 204

Chelidon urbica, 190, 267, 317, 321, 433

Cheraps bicarinatus, 236

Chicken reared by Partridges, 189

Chiffchaff, breeding sites, 214

Chlamydoselachus anguineus, 41

Christmas Island, zoological exploration, 519

Chrysomitris citrinella, 275, 506; spinus, 507

Cicada attacked by Mantis, 275

Cinclus aquaticus, 23, 507

Cinnyris chalybæus, nest, 418; gutturalis, nest, 418

Circus cinerescens, 24

Classification of Moths, 289

Coccinella bipunctata, 468; decempunctata (variabilis), 468; septempunctata, 468

Coccothraustes coccothraustes, 188

Coccystes jacobinus, 258; serratus, 258

Codfish, malformed, 130,—figured, 130

Coition of birds in the air, 415

Collett, Prof., on a remarkable Shark, 441

Colouration, assimilative, 377, 453

Colours of Nonpareil Finch, experiments on, 23

Columba palumbus, 190, 275, 508

Coracias garrulus, 24

Coregonus, 463

Corncrake in December, 25

Corsica, ornithological notes from, 275

Corvus corone, 190, 508; frugilegus, 124, 190, 508; monecula, 190, 508

Corystes cassivelaunus, 183

Cotile rupestris, 275

Cotinga cayana, 392; cærulea, 392

Cottus groenlandicus, 220

County Records:—

Bedfordshire—Scaup Duck, 319; Kentish Plover, 320
Cambridgeshire—Birdsnesting in August, 415
Cumberland—Mallard and Pintail interbreeding in captivity, 361; Sea Lamprey, 365
Derbyshire—Dipper, 23
Devonshire—Birds of, 39; Melodious Warbler, 265; Gannet, 319; House Martin, 433
Dorsetshire—Song Thrush, 264
Gloucestershire—Coition of birds in the air, 415
Hampshire—Hobby, 24, 83, 125; Brambling, 123; Rough-legged Buzzard, 124; ornithological notes, 126, 218; Long-eared Bat, 261; Stoats, 261; Otters, 262; Mammalia, 429; Crossbill, 482, 505; Swift, 485; Scoter, 505
Hertfordshire—Birds of, 506
Kent— Little Gull, 216; Bank Vole, 477; Pectoral Sandpiper, 480
Lancashire—Frog attacking Toad, 365; Epeira diadema, 440; Spotted Crake, 479
Leicestershire—; Spotted Flycatcher, 359; irregular nesting sites, 480
Lincolnshire—Barn Owl, 215; Lapwing, 272; Barred Warbler, 504
Middlesex—Birds of London, 189, 216, 272, 273; Chaffinch, 270; parasites in birds, 415
Norfolk—Pectoral Sandpiper, 25; notes from Haddiscoe, 26; Fishes of Great Yarmouth, 88; notes, 106; Little Bustard, 125; malformed Codfish, 130; Wretham Meres, 145; Stalk-eyed Crustacea of Great Yarmouth, 178; notes from Great Yarmouth, 219, 364, 508; Edible Crab, 220; Mammalia of Great Yarmouth, 299; Centrolophus pomphilus, 364; Porpoises at Great Yarmouth, 504
Northumberland—Insectivora and Rodentia, 264
Nottingham—Varieties of Plover, Starling, and House Sparrow, 482; Scoters, 482; Heron, 484; Great Skua, 485
Oxfordshire—Tree Pipit, 122; Rooks, 124; Stoats, 193; House Martin, 267; Marsh Warbler, 356
Somersetshire—House Sparrow, 123; Nightingale, 317; Greater Spotted Woodpecker, 318, 319; Birds singing during thunderstorm, 322; House Martin, 415; Swallow v. Flycatcher's peculiar nesting site, 429; Swift, 436; Nuthatch, 480
Suffolk—Polecat, 22, 122, 503; Black Water Vole, 122; Stoats, 187; Chickens reared by Partridge, 189; Cuckoo, 477; Bank Vole, 503; Owls and Kestrels, 505
Surrey—Kingfisher, 82; Hawfinch, 188; hybrid Finches, 188
Sussex—Common Roller, 24; Hermit Crabs, 131; Canada Goose, 216; abnormal scalariformity in shells, 191; Woodchat Shrike, 267; conduct of Rabbit when pursued by Dog, 413
Warwickshire—Starlings, 24; Brent Goose, 24; Meadow Pipit, 214
Westmorland—Asagena phalærata, 440
Worcestershire—Spotted Flycatcher, 358
Yorkshire—Common Guillemot, 25; notes from Scarborough, 28, 219; Roseate Tern, 83; Scarborough Field Naturalists' Society, 140; Stoats, 187; Yarrell's Blenny, 191; Two-spotted Goby, 191; Badger, 213; Migration at Spurn Lighthouse, 345; Nesting notes, 349; Fork-tailed Petrel, 362; Python molurus, 436; Short Sunfish, 439; Cuckoo, 478; Corn Bunting, 485; Redwing, 504; Phasianus colchicus, 505; Moorhen, 506

Crab Edible, meristic variation in, 220; Hermit, struggle for existence among, 131

Crake, Spotted, in Furness, 479

Crangon fasciatus, 185; trispinosus, 185; vulgaris, 184,—varietal colouration, figured, 184

Crateropus bicolor, 256

Crenis rosa, 276

Crex pratensis, 25

Crinum, 255; ammocharoides, 255

Crossbill, in Severn Valley, 124; in Hants, 482, 505

Crossopus fodiens, 303

Crustacea, Stalk-eyed, of Great Yarmouth, 178; Australian Malacostracous, habits of some, 202

Cuckoo, popular fallacies concerning, 85; sucking eggs, 87; questions, 270; in Aberdeen, 359; economy, 430, 477, 478; in 1898, 431

Cuculus canorus, 85, 87, 110, 111, 190, 270, 359, 430, 431, 477, 478; clamosus, 258

Cyanospiza ciris, 23

Cyclograpsus lavauxi, 206

Cymochorea leucorrhoa, 362

Cymodocea pubescens, 211

Cynœlurus jubatus, 163, 462

Cypselus apus, 485

Cystophora cristata, 100

Dafila acuta, 361

Danainæ, 283

Darwin, Charles, home of, 235

Daulias luscinia, 317

Delias eucharis, 283

Delphinus albirostris, 310; delphis, 310

Dendrocopus major, 318, 319

Dermochelys coriacea, 500

Diplognatna hebræa, 256

Dipper, pale-coloured, 23

Disa erubescens, 380

Dragonet, breeding of, 231

Dryopithecus, 404

Duck, Ferruginous, in Ireland, 25; Scaup, in Bedfordshire, 319, 361

Eel in stomach of Cachalot, 489

Eggs of Roseate Tern, 83; of birds, at what hour usually laid?, 84; of wild birds, protection of, 322; spotless, of Spotted Flycatcher, 359

Elanus cæruleus, 257, 259

Elephant, merciful execution of, 287; proposed preservation of, in Central Africa, 517

Elephas indicus, 166

Emberiza cirlus, 478; citrinella, 508; schœniclus, 508

Enchytræids, British, 121

Enchytræus parvulus, 121

Entermorphas, 396

Epeira diadema courtship, 440

Epunda lichenea, 456

Equus burchelli var. chapmani, 49; quagga, existing specimens, 213; zebra, 213

Erinaceus europæus, 100, 302

Erithacus rubecula, 190

Eubolia bipunctaria, 455

Eupagurus sinuatus, 207

Eurynome aspera, 181

Evotomys glareolus, 101

Expedition to Patchora River and Siberia, 43

Eyes, abnormal, of Hyla arborea and Bombinator igneus, 486

Falco subbuteo, 24, 83, 125; tinnunculus, 508

Fallacies, popular ornithological, 27; concerning Cuckoo, 85

Fauna, East African Butterfly, southerly extension, 276

Faunal areas, minor, 96

Fecundity, varying, in birds, 495

Feeding of Rooks on Elvers, 270

Felis catus, 100; pardus, 160; tigris, 154

Finch, Citril, in Corsica, 275; Nonpareil, experiments in colours of, 23

Finches, hybrid, at Crystal Palace Show, 188

Fish culture, 93; strange error regarding, 48; acclimatization in South Africa, 143

Fishery, Seal and Whale, 69

Fishes, of Great Yarmouth, 88; memory in, 92; in vicinity of New York, 140; of Trent, as recorded in 1622, 141; structure and morphology, 230; Sea, resources of the sea, 376

Floridæ, 396

Flycatcher, Spotted, nesting of, 358; spotless eggs, 359

Flycatcher v. Swallow's peculiar nesting site, 429

Food of Barn Owl, 215; of Redwing, 504

Fratercula arctica, 321

Fridericia striata, 121

Fregilus graculus, 321

Fringilla cœlebs, 190, 195, 269, 270, 507; montifringilla, 123

Frog attacking Toad, 323, 365

Fulica atra, 508

Fuligula marila, 319, 361, 362; nyroca, 25

Gadus morrhua, 130

Galathea squamifera, 183

Gallinago cœlestis, 127, 508

Gallinula chloropus, 190, 506, 508

Gannet, breeding of, 319

Garganey breeding in Hants, 126

Gasteracantha, 30

Gaur, miscalled Bison, 2

Geese on fresco, Ghizeh Museum, 91

'Geological Magazine,' longevity, 230

Glyceria fluitans, 406

Gnophos obscuraria, 456

Gobius ruthensparri, 191

Goby, Two-spotted, at Scarborough, 191

Godartia wakefieldii, 276

Goose, Brent, in Warwickshire, 24; Canada, near Dungeness, 216

Grapsus variegatus, 205

Grouse, Red, varieties, 125

Guillemot, Common, variety, 25

Gull, Iceland, in Co. Sligo in summer, 320; Ivory, on Solway, 414; Little, in Kent, 216

Habits, of Rattlesnakes, 93; of some Australian Malacostracous Crustacea, 202; of Python molurus in confinement, 436; nesting habits of Moorhen, 506

Haddiscoe, winter notes from, 26

Hæmatopus ostralegus, 363

Halcyon albiventris, 258; cyanoleuca, 258

Halichærus gryphus, 308

Halimus tumidus, 202

Hants, Mid-, ornithological notes from, 126

Hare, Brown, in Ireland, 239; Indian Hispid, 22

Harpactira, 16; chrysogaster, stridulating organ, figured, 17; gigas, 251; tigrina, 17

Harrier, Montagu's, alleged breeding in Ireland, an error, 24

Hawfinch near Reigate railway station, 188

Helæcius cordiformis, 205

Helix cantiana, 463; cartusiana, 463

Helotarsus ecaudatus, 258

Hemitubifex benedii, 120

Hepialidæ, 291

Heron nest of wire, 484

Hesperiadæ, 295

Hippoglossoides limandoides, 220

Hippolyte cranchii, 185; varians, 185

Hirundo rustica, 190, 321, 429, 507

Hobby nesting in Hants, 24, 83, 125

Homarus vulgaris, 183

Hoplostomus fuliginosus, 419

Horn of Rhinoceros, artificial removal of, 142

"Horse-match" a name for the Red-backed Shrike, 188, 266

Hyas araneus, 181; coarctatus, 181

Hybrid, supposed, between Fieldfare and Redwing, 95; Finches at Crystal Palace Show, 188; between Linnet and Greenfinch, 109; between White-eyed Duck and Pochard, 108; Zebra-Horse, 49

Hydrochelidon leucoptera, 129

Hyena arvennensis, 465; brunnea, 465; crocuta, 465; exima, 465; spelæa, 465; striata, 465

Hyla arborea, abnormal eyes, 486

Hymenosoma varium, 207

Hyodrilus, 120

Hyperoodon rostratum, 309

Hypolais icterina, 266; polyglotta, 266

Hypolimnas misippus, 283

Hysterocrates, 18

Hystrix afra-australis, 250

Ibacus peronii, 208

Idotea annulata, 455

Immigration of Song Thrush, 264

Insect pests of British Columbia, 46; strength, 92; visitors of flowers in New Mexico, 78, 311

Insectivora of Northumberland, 264

Insects, destructive, in France, 285

Interbreeding of Pintail and Mallard in captivity, 361

International code of zoological nomenclature, 423

Ireland.—Montagu's Harrier, 24 Ferruginous Duck, 25; White Wagtail, 245; Chaffinch, 269; Rooks, 270; Iceland Gull in Co Sligo, 320; Whinchat in Co. Dublin, 356

Isle of Wight, ornithological notes, 218

Ityræa nigrocincta, 256

Java, scientific expedition to, 451

Julus pulchellus, 121

Kestrel, abnormal nesting sites, 110

Kestrels and Owls, plea for, 449, 505

"Killers" in New South Wales, &c, 447

Kingfisher in Surrey, 82

Kites in Wales, 199, 271

Labrus auritus, 454

Lacnanthes, 381

Lagopus mutus, 364; scoticus, 125, 508

Lakeland, Guide to, 40

Lamna cornubica, 509

Lamprey, Sea, in Cumberland, 365

Laniarius atrococcineus, 258

Lanius collurio, 188, 266; pomeranus, 267

Lapland, reported summer appearance of Bernicla brenta and Phalaropus fulicarius, 25, 84

Lapwing, disappearance, in North Lincolnshire, 272

Larentidæ, 290

Lark, Sky, sexual differences in wing-feathering, 104

Larus argentatus, 508; canus, 126, 127, 508; fuscus, 508; leucopterus, 320; minutus, 216; ridibundus, 321, 363

Lasiocampina, 296

Leander intermedius, 210

Lepidosteus sp., 379

Leptodius exaratus, 203

Lepus cuniculus, 101, 307; europæus, 101; hispidus, 22; timidus, 101, 307

Ligurinus chloris, 190, 507

Limacodidæ, 294

Limnæa stagnalis, 147

Limnodrilus udekemianus, 120; wordsworthianus, 120

Linnet, Mountain, 431

Linota cannabina, 507; flavirostris, 360, 431; rufescens, 507

L'Intermédiaire des Biologistes, 40

Lithodes maia, 181

Lizard, Tuatara, development of, 488

Lobster, Common Spiny, limit of northern distribution, 142

Locustella nævia, 351

London, birds of, 91, 189, 216, 272, 273

Lophius piscatorius, 365

Löss, 398

Loxia curvirostra, 124, 363, 505

Lumbricus terrestris, 119

Lusciniola schwarzi, 520

Lutra lutra, 100; vulgaris, 262, 304

Lycæna adonis, 455; corydon, 455

Macrophthalmus setosus, 205

Macrotoma palmata, 259

Mallard and Pintail interbreeding in captivity, 361

Mammalia of Great Yarmouth and immediate neighbourhood, 299; of Hampshire, 429

Mammals, British, technical names of, 97

Man, Isle of, notes from (1897), 321

Mantis attacking Cicada, 275

Marine Biological Stations—Liverpool, 333; Port Erin, Isle of Man, 333; Millport, 334; St. Andrews, 335; Jersey, 335

Marlborough College Nat. Hist. Soc, 375

Martin, House, date of arrival, 267, 317, 433

Megascops asio, 402

Melanippe procellata, 456

Melanargia galatea, 455

Melelonthidæ, 31

Meles meles, 263; taxus, 213, 263, 304

Melierax niger, 259

Mergus merganser, 364; serrator, 364

Meristic variation in Edible Crab, 220

Mexico, New, insect visitors of flowers, 78, 311

Microtus agrestis, 101, 264, 306; amphibius, 100, 122, 306; glareolus, 477, 503; gregarius, 264

Migrants in Aberdeenshire (1898), 275

Migration at Spurn Lighthouse (1897–98), 345

Micropterygidæ, 291

Millipedes, mode of progression, 365

Mimicry, 283

Miomantis fenestrata, 275

Molua molva, 463

Monkeys, decrease, on Gold Coast, 45

Montifringilla nivalis, 475

Moor-hen, nesting habits, 506

Motacilla alba, 245; lugubris, 82, 216; raii, 82; yarrellii, 245

Moths and their classification, 289

Mullus surmulatus, 365

Mus agrestis, 264; alexandrinus, 306; decumanus, 100, 306; gregarius, 264; minutus, 100, 305; musculus, 100, 264, 305; rattus, 100, 305; sylvaticus, 100, 264, 305

Muscardinus avellanarius, 100, 304

Muscicapa grisola, 190, 275, 358, 359, 429

Museum Reports:—

Museum of Comparative Zoology at Harvard College, 95
Field Columbian Museum, Chicago, 138
Newcastle Museum, 240
Taxidermy for Museums, 330
Appointment of new Director for Nat. Hist. Dep., S. Kensington, 373
South African Museum, Report for 1897, 446
Mus. Compar. Zool., Cambr., Mass., resignation of Prof. Alec Agassiz, 451
British Museum, recent acquisitions, 487; Ocean exploration off the coasts of Cork and Kerry, 518
Temporary Museums, 490
Australian Museum, 1897, 516

Mustela erminea, 122, 187, 213, 261, 304; martes, 100, 303; putorius, 22, 122, 304, 503; vulgaris, 303

Mycteris longicarpus, 207; platycheles, 207

Mygale, 14, 16, 29, 251; avicularia, 251

Mygalidæ, 14

Mylabridæ, 31

Myotis bechsteini, 100; daubentoni, 100, 317, 368; mystacinus, 100; nattereri, 100

Myoxus nanus, 421

Mysis chamæleon, 186; vulgaris, 186

Mythology, ornithological, 46

Natica, 131

Natural History literature of Great Britain and Ireland, 519

Nectocarcinus integrifrons, 204

Neomys fodiens, 100

Nephile, 30

Nephrops norvegicus, 184

Neptunus pelagicus, 203; sanguinolentus, 204

Nerocila sp.?, 211

Nest of Common Sandpiper with four eggs, 110; of Social Spider, figured, 253; of Anthodiæta collaris, 418; of Cinnyris gutturalis and C. chalybæus, 418; of Heron made of wire, 484

Nesting of Hobby in Hants, 24, 83, 125; site, abnormal, of Kestrel, 110; early, of House Sparrow, 123; of Nightingale at Wells, Somerset, 317; of Greater Spotted Woodpecker near Bath, 318,—at Wells, Somerset, 319; notes from Yorkshire, 349; of Spotted Flycatcher, 358; site, peculiar, of Swallow v. Flycatcher, 429; of Nuthatch, 480; sites, irregular, 480; late, of Corn Bunting, 485; habits of Moor-hen, 506

Nestor notabilis of New Zealand, 216

Nightjar nesting at Wells, Somerset, 317

Nika couchii, 185; edulis, 185

Noctua glareosa, 456

Nomenclature, zoological, remarks on proposed international code, 423

Norfolk, ornithological notes from (1897), 106

Notodontina, 296

Notornis mantelli, 492

Nucifraga caryocatactes, 474

Numenius phæopus, 321

Nuthatch, nesting of, 480

Obituary:—

Allman, Prof. George J., M.D., F.R.S., 519
Dennis, George Christopher, 240
Frenzel, Dr. Johannes, 47
Horn, Dr. George H., 47
Hurst, C. Herbert, 287
I'Anson, James, 240
Kleinenberg, Dr. Nicolaus, 144
Marks, Henry Stacy, B.A., 48
Salvin, Osbert, 315
Van Voorst, John, 452

Oceanodroma castro, 320; cryptoleucura, 320

Ocypoda cordimana, 205

Odobœnus rosmarus, 100

Œdemia nigra, 505

Œdipodea germanica, 457

Oncorhynchus tschawytscha, 140

Orca gladiator, 309, 447

Ornithological millinery, 286

Orthagoriscus mola, 509

Otis tetrax, 125

Otters in S.W. Hampshire, 262

Owl, Barn, food of, 215

Owls, morphology of, 231

Owls and Kestrels, a plea for, 449, 505

Oxalis stricta, 406

Oysters, food of, 233

Ozius truncatus, 202

Pachygrapsus transversus, 206

Paguridæ, 131

Paguristes barbatus, 208

Pagurus bernhardus, 183

Palæmon serratus, 186; squilla, 186; varians, 186

Palinurus hügeli, 208; vulgaris, 142, 183

Pandalus annulicornis, 185

Pandion haliaëtus, 362

Papilio aristolochiæ, 283; ophidicephalus, 254; polites, 283

Papilionina, 297

Parasites in birds, 415

Parastacus, Dr. E. Löonberg on, 373

Parrot, Kea, of New Zealand, 216

Partridge, variety, 114

Partridges rearing chickens, 189; rare, in Leadenhall Market, 215

Parus ater, 190, 507; borealis, 116; cæruleus, 190, 507; cristatus, 363; major, 190, 507; palustris, 507; palustris dresseri, 117; salicarius, a British bird, 116

Passer domesticus, 123, 190, 507

Penæus canaliculatus, 209; esculentus, 209

Perdix barbata, 215; cinerea, 508; daurica, 215; montana, 114; sibirica, 215

Petrel, Fork-tailed, on Yorkshire coast, 362

Petromyzon marinus, 365

Phalaropus fulicarius, 26, 84; hyperboreus, 26, 84

Phasianus colchicus, 505, 508

Philippine Islands, ornithology of, 236

Phoca grœnlandica, 100; hispida, 100; vitulina, 100, 307

Phocæna communis, 310; phocæna, 504

Phoneyusa, sp. stridulating organ, figured, 18

Phylloscopus rufus, 214; trochilus, 214

Physeter macrocephalus, 309

Pica rustica, 216, 508

Pilumnopeus serratifrons, 203

Pilumnus fissifrons, 203; hirtellus, 181

Pinnotheres veterum, 183

Pintail and Mallard interbreeding in captivity, 361

Pipistrellus leisleri, 100; noctula, 100; pipistrellus, 100

Pipit, Meadow, perching on trees, 214, 266,—and Cuckoo, 430; Tree, in January, 122; Water, in Carnarvonshire, 187

Pirimela denticulata, 181

Plagusia chabrus, 206; glabra, 207

Planorbis complanatus, 191; vortex var. compressa, 191

Platyonychus bipunctulatus, 204

Plecotus auritus, 100, 261, 302

Plectrophenax nivalis, 508

Pleuronectes flesus, 454

Plocepasser mahali, 258

Plover, Green, variety, 482; Kentish, alleged, in Bedfordshire, 320

Plutellidæ, 292

Podicipes fluviatilis, 191

Pogonorhynchus leucomelas, 256

Polecat in Suffolk, 22, 122, 503

Polycanthus sp., 455

Porcellana dispar, 208; longicornis, 183

Porpoises at Great Yarmouth, 504

Portumnus depurator, 182; variegatus, 182

Porzana maruetta, 479

Pratincola rubetra, 356

Preservation of zoological specimens, 366

Protogoniomorpha anacardii, 254

Protopterus annectans, 379

Psammoryctes, 120

Pseudocarcinus gigas, 203

Psychina, 294

Purpura, 131

Putorius ermineus, 100; hibernicus, 100; nivalis, 100; putorius, 100

Pyralidina, 294

Pyrrhocorax alpinus, 474

Pyrrhula europæa, 507

Python molurus, habits in confinement, 436

Querquedula crecca, 508

Rabbit, conduct of a, when pursued by a Dog, 413

Raia miraletus, 220; pastinaca, 364

Rail, flightless, of New Zealand, 492

Rambles, zoological, in the Transvaal, 249

Rana adspersa, 323; temporaria, 365

Raniceps trifurcus, 28

Ranunculus calthæfolia, 406; ficaria, 406

Raoulia, 217

Rattlesnakes, habits, 93

Redwing, food of, 504

Regulus cristatus, 507

Rhinoceros, artificial removal of horn, 142; indicus, 172; lasiotis, 142, 175; sondaicus, 174; sumatrensis, 174; unicornis, 171

Rhinolophus ferrum-equinum, 100; hipposideros, 100

Rhombus maximus, 365

Rhynchocinetes typus, 209

Riffelalp, Canton Valais, Switzerland, birds of, 474, 506

Rinderpest among wild animals at the Cape, 47,—South African game, 143

Rodentia of Northumberland, 264

Roller, Common, in Sussex, 24

Rooks and buttercup bulbs, 124; feeding on Elvers, 270

Ruticilla tythis, 475

Sale of birds belonging to the late Mr. R. Ashby, 45; of Moa skeleton, 45; of Lepidoptera belonging to the late Rev. A. Matthews, 45

Salix jacquiniana, 386; retusa, 386; retusoides, 386

Salmo, 463; fario, 140; salar, 364

Salmon in Natal, 235; life-history, 284

Sanderling in Australia, 83

Sandpiper, Common, nest and four eggs, in Norfolk, 110; in St. James's Park, 240; Pectoral, in Norfolk, 25,—in Kent, 480

Sark, ornithological notes from, 274

Saxby, Dr., and the breeding of the Turnstone, 435

Saxicola œnanthe, 321

Scalariformity, abnormal, in shells, 191

Scarborough, notes from, 28, 219

Schizœrhis concolor, 258

Sciurus vulgaris, 100, 264, 304

Scolopax rusticula, 508

Scomber scomber, 364; scriptus, 364

Scorpæna dactyloptera, 88

Scoter in Notts, 482

Scoters in summer, 414; in Hants and Isle of Wight, 505

Scotland—Corncrake, 25; Wagtails eating Trout, 82; Cuckoo, 270 Migrants in Aberdeenshire, 275 Cuckoos in Aberdeen, 359, 431 Scaup-Duck, 361; Bird-notes from Northern Cairngorms, 362; Scoters, 414; Ivorv Gull on Solway, 414; Birds of Moffat. 507

Scutigera coleoptrata, 489

Scylla serrata, 204

Seal and Whale Fishery (1897), 69

Seleucides nigricans, 379

Sesamopteris pentaphylla, 256

Sesarma erythrodactyla, 206

Shark, remarkable, 41

Sharks on the Cornish coast, 451

Shells, abnormal scalariformity in, 191

Shrike, Red-backed, "Horse-match" a name for, 188, 266; Woodchat, in Sussex, 267

Singing of birds during thunderstorm, 322

Sitta caesia, 480

Skua, Great, in Notts, 485

Smelts in the Upper Thames, 449

Societies, Natural History—Scarborough Field Naturalists' Society, 140; Marlborough College Natural History Society, 375

Socotra, scientific expedition to, 491

Solea vulgaris, 219

Song of Chaffinch, 195, 269, 270 autumn, of birds, 410

Sorex araneus, 100; minutus, 100 pyginaeus, 264; vulgaris, 264, 303 Sparrow, House, early nesting, 123 wing, figured, 243; variety, 482

Spatula clypeata, 219

Spharageomon, 457

Sphenodon punctatus, 488

Spider versus Wasp, 29, 44

Spiders. African, stridulation in some, 14; South African Social, notes on, 417; Social, nest figured, 253

Spiders' webs manufactured into balloon net, 45

Sprats, extraordinary catch at Shoreham, 517

Spurn lighthouse, migration at (189798), 345

Squilla lævis, 211

Starling, variety, 482

Starlings, brood of young, in midNovember, 24; breeding in Buckingham Palace, 287

Stegodyphus, 417; gregarius, 251, 252, 253, 417

Stegostoma tigrinum, 467

Stenorhynchus rostratus, 181; tenuirostris, 181

Sterna dougalli, 83

Stoats turning white in winter, 122, 187, 193, 213, 261

Strepsilas interpres, 321, 435

Stridulation in some African Spiders, 14

Strix flammea, 215

Sturgeon, Royal, in Ireland, 144

Sturnus vulgaris, 24, 190, 508

Sula bassana, 319

Sunfish, Short, near Scarborough. 439

Sus africanus, 250; salvanius, 176

Swallow versus Flycatcher's peculiar nesting site, 429

Swift, late stay, 436, 485

Swordfish, monster, 45

Sylvia cinerea, 190; nisoria, 504

Syrnium aluco, 508

Tadorna cornuta, 321

Talorchestia quadrimana, 212

Talpa europæa, 100, 264, 303

Tapirus bairdi, 463; indicus, 176

Taraxacum dens leonis, 406; palustre, 407

Taxidermy for museums, 330; correct attitudes for birds, 331

Technical names of British mammals, 97

Teracolus, 259; achine, 259; agoye, 259; auxo, 259; celimene, 255; eris, 259; evenina, 259; phlegetonia, 259; subfasciatus, 259

Tern, Roseate, eggs of, 83

Tetrao tetrix, 508

Thalamita admete, 204; sima, 204

Theraphosidæ, 14

Thrush, Song, immigration of, 264

Thymallus, 463

Tibicen carinatus, 275

Tineidæ, 292

Toad attacked by Frog, 323, 365

Tortoise, giant, 44

Tortricina, 292

Totanus calidris, 321; canescens, 363; hypoleucus, 321, 363

Trachyphonus caffer, 256

Transvaal, zoological rambles in, 249

Trichechus rosmarus, 308

Trigla lineata, 219

Trimerorhinus tritæniatus, 259

Tringa alpina, 321; maculata, 25, 480

Troglodytes hirtensis, 482; parvulus, 190, 507

Trout in Natal, 235

Trypanidæ, 293

Tsine, 1

Tubifex, distribution, 119; rivulorum, 119

Turdus iliacus, 95, 504, 507; merula, 507; musicus, 190, 264, 507; pilaris, 95, 507; viscivorus, 507

Turner, William, father of British Zoology, 337

Turnstone, Dr. Saxby and the breeding of, 435

Turtle, Leathery (Plate V.), 500

Ulvaceae, 396

Uraeginthus cyanogaster, 258

Uria troile, 25

Urolestes melanoleucus, 256

Ursus euryspilus, 166; labiatus, 163, 164; malayanus, 165; meles, 263; tibetanus, 163

Vanellus vulgaris, 272, 508

Varieties of Red Grouse, 125

Variety of Common Guillemot, 25; Partridge, 114; Water Vole, 122; Green Plover, 482; Starling, 482; House Sparrow, 482

Vespertilio murinus, 100; nattereri, 493; serotinus, 100

Vespertilionidæ of North America, 45, 46

Vesperugo noctula, 302; pipistrellus, 302

Vivaria and aquaria, 40

Voice-registers of birds, 11

Vole, Bank, large, in Kent, 477,—notes on, 503; Black Water, in Suffolk, 122; Common, scientific name of, 263

Vulpes vulgaris, 303; vulpes, 100

Wagtail, White, in Ireland, 245 Wagtails eating Trout, 82

Wales.—Water Pipit in Carnarvonshire, 187; ornithological notes, 198; Meadow Pipit, 266; Kite, 271; Daubenton's Bat in the Conway Valley, 317; Cuckoo, 430; Cirl Bunting in Breconshire 478, 505; Natterer's Bat, 493

Warbler, Barred, in Lincolnshire, 504; Marsh, in Oxfordshire, 356; Melodious, in South-east Devon, 265; Willow, breeding sites, 214; new to Britain, 520

Wasp versus Spider, 29, 44

Water supply, chemical and vegetable life in, 489

Waterton, Charles, reminiscences of, 144

Whale and Seal Fishery, 69

Whales attacking vessels, 42

Whinchat in Co. Dublin, 356

White, Gilbert, 'Garden Kalendar,' 235

Wild animals, price of, 234; beasts, Indian, a chat about, 154; birds and their eggs, protection of, 322, 449; Cattle, Indian, 1

Wing of Sky Lark, sexual differences in feathering, 104; of Sparrow, figured, 243

Wolf, American, versus Irish Wolfhounds, 94

Wood, Rev. J.G., and his publications, 42

Woodpecker, Greater Spotted, nesting near Bath, 318; at Wells, Somerset, 319

Wren, St. Kilda, the so-called, 413, 482

Wretham Meres, 145

Xipholena pompadora, 392

Yarmouth, Great, Fishes of, 88; some notes on the Stalk-eyed Crustacea of, 178; notes from, 219, 364, 508; Mammalia of, 299

Yorkshire, rough notes from, 349

Zebra-Horse Hybrids (Plates I., II., III.), 49

'Zoological Record' for 1896, 39

Zoological Park, New York, 139; Gardens, how animals are provided, 141,—in Edinburgh, 449, 518—proposed, in Australia, 518; Society of London, 237,—of Ireland, 331; rambles in Transvaal, 249; specimens, preservation of, 366

Zoology, International Congress of, 42

New Species of British Animals described in this Volume.

Vermes.Limnodrilus wordsworthianus, Friend (Cumberland), p. 120.

ILLUSTRATIONS.

page
Plates I., II., III. Zebra-Horse Hybrids to face 49
Plate IV. Natterer's Bat (Vespertilio nattereri) to face 493
Plate V. Leathery Turtle (Dermochelys coriacea) to face 500
Stridulating organ of Harpactira chrysogaster 17
Stridulating organ of Phoneyusa sp. 18
Malformed Codfish (Gadus morrhua) 130
Varietal coloration in Sand Shrimp (Crangon vulgaris) 184
Wing of Sparrow (Passer domesticus) 243
Nest of Social Spider (Stegodyphus gregarius) 253

illustration